Takhar

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Takhar (ताखर)[1][2] Takkhar (तक्खर)[3] [4] Takar (ताकर) Tokhar (तोखर)[5] [6] Takhar (ताखड़) Takar (ताकड़) Tashar (ताषर)[7] Thakad (थाकड़)[8] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab, India and Pakistan. Takhar is also a province in Afghanistan. Takar/Tokhar clan is found in Afghanistan.[9]

Origin

[12]

History

Behistun Inscription Line (68) reads - King Darius says: These are the men who were with me when I slew Gaumâta the Magian [maguš], who was called Smerdis [Bardiya]; then these men helped me as my followers:


Bhim Singh Dahiya[15] writes that Herodotus mentions a people, Paeonia, a colony of Teucarians. [16] The paeonians were transferred from Hellespont to Asia, under the orders of Darius the Great (521-486 BC). Here we have the Pauniya and Tokhar Jats in Europe in sixth century BC.


Ram Swarup Joon[17] writes about Takhar, Tukhar or Tushar: People belonging to this gotra are Muslim Jat in the Western Punjab and they claim to belong to Tanwar dynasty. This proves that Tanwar Tukhar and Tushar are one and the same.


Mahabharata says that when Yudhishthira performed his rajasuya yajna, the Kankas, Sakas and the Tukharas brought to Indraprashtha, their horses as gifts to the Pandava king. [18]

Puranas[19] mention the Chaksu or Oxus river goes to the sea after irrigating the lands of the Sandhrans (Jats) , Tukharas (Takhar Jats), Lampakas (Lamba Jats), Pahlavas (Pehlavi-Iranians) Daradas (of Kashmir) and Chhakans (Chhikara Jats).

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes that another Jat, named Chankuna (चणकुण), of Tokhara clan, was chief minister of Lalitaditya. Why all these Jats were holding predominant positions unless the rulers themselves were Jats of Lohar and other clans? [20]

Bhim Singh Dahiya[21] mentions about this clan. In ancient past they were also known as Tokhar or Tusar. Markandeya Purana mentions them with Kambojas, Barbaras and Chinas and are called Vahyāto Narāh, i.e. "outside people".[22] This shows that they were not still considered Indian at the time of Markandeya Purana. Mahabharata mentions Tukhāras as well as Tusaras. Tuśārs are mentioned by the Vāyu Purāna. [23] There it is clear that Tukhars and Tuśārs were different. That is why we have Takhars as well as Tusar clans among the Jats. Mahabharata places them beyond the Himalayas and correctly so. Takhara has been mentioned in Salya Parva of Mahabharata as one of the names of those combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, that Skanda or Kartikeya procured at his ceremony of investiture. [24]Harivansha mentions them with Sakas, Pahlavas, and others and they are branded as Mlecchas - another proof of their Centra Asian origin and conquering nature. But the Greek writer Strabo has only praise them, in spite of the fact that they had destroyed the Greek kingdoms of Bactria. Says he:

"The best known as the nomad tribes are those who drove away the Greeks out of Bactria, the Asi, the Pasiani, the Tokhari and Śacarauli, who came from the country on the other side of Jaxartes...[25], [26]

Here Asi are another name of the Sakas (Asiagh Jats, Asik, Arsika); the Pasiani has been rightly corrected as Kusiani (the Kushanas), and Tokhari are the Takhar, and Sacarauli are the Sakaravakas of Puranas. Lassen, identifies Tochares with the Tukhars and locates them in north Hindukush. [27], [28]

Their role in the history of Kashmir in 9/10th century is important. The Tokhars are an important clan with a brilliant past. Their clan gave their name to a language (Tokhari), to a country (Tokharistan). They seem to have come to India in the second century BC to second century AD.[29]

Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about Takhar Jats in Sindh at the time of attack in 712 AD. They have been mentioned as Buddhist rulers of Siwistan. They made peace with Mohmad bin Qasim. Their ruler at that time was Kaka, son of Kotal and the grandson of Bhandargu Bhangu, a Jat of Bhangu clan. Qasim then asked Kaka, "Oh, Chief of Hind, what is your mode of bestowing honour?" Kaka replied, "Granting a seat, and investing with a garment of silk, and tying a turban round the head. It is the custom of our ancestors, the Jat Samanis". (Here the word Samani stands for the Buddhists, showing thereby that the Jats were Buddhist at that time). Another Jat, Banana son of Hanzala also came to the side of Qasim and Takhar Jats under Moka, son of Bisaya were brought before Qasim, who treated them with kindness and respect. A grand umbrella surmounted by a peacock, a chair and a robe of honour were bestowed upon him. All his Takhars were favoured with robes and saddled horses. Historians relate that the first umbrella of Rāṇagi, or chiefship, which he gave, was this to Moka.[30] Here it should be noted that like the Rai, Rana is also a title meaning chief. It should also be noted that these Takhar Jats were honourably given saddled horses by Mohmad bin Qasim.[31]

H. W. Bellew mentions that The Tokhari, though anciently a celebrated tribe in this region of Asia, are not now found by that name in Afghanistan ; they are there represented by the Togh, Toghiani Turk, or Turkolanri of Bajaur and the Lower Kunar valley. [32]

H. W. Bellew [33] writes that The Tokhari appear to be the same people as the Tuchara or Tushara mentioned in the Ramayana, Mahabharat, and Harivansa (See Troyers' "Rajataringini," vol. ii. p. 321), and are reckoned an Indo-Skythic race of very ancient date, and allied to the Naga, who, it seems, were the earliest invaders of India from the north. The Tokhari at an early date spread all through the Indus valley, where their posterity were formerly known as Toghyani Turk ; at the present day they are not found in Afghanistan as a distinct tribe of that name, though doubtless many of their tribes are represented in the yet unrecognised clans and sections of the Pathan tribes all along the Indus border of Afghanistan, and more particularly perhaps in the Turkolanri division of the Afghan genealogies, of which we shall speak presently.

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya[34] the Gondal clan represents the “Go-nanda” dynasty of Kashmir, the Lohar jats are the descendants of the Lohar kings of Kashmir, just as the Lalli, the Sahi, the Balhara, the Bring, the Takhar, the Dhonchak, the Samil, the Kular, and so on represent the people mentioned in the Rajatarangini of Kalhana.

लघु एशिया में

पूनिया - यूनानी इतिहासकार हैरोडोटस का हवाला देकर बी० एस० दहिया ने पृ० 90, 267 पर लिखा है कि 600 ई० पू० में पूनिया जाटों की एक स्वतन्त्र रियासत लघु एशिया में कालासागर के निकट थी। इनको वहां से सम्राट् दारा ने अमू दरिया के निकट बैक्ट्रिया क्षेत्र में भेज दिया। पूनिया और तोखर गोत्र के जाट छठी शताब्दी ई० पू० यूरोप में थे। (देखो, तृतीय अध्याय पूनिया वंश प्रकरण)।[35]

Villages founded by Takhar clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Khatipura,

Villages in Sawai Madhopur district

Kushtala

Villages in Jaipur district

Takar (ताकर) Jats live in villages: Badhal, Bhainsawa (250), Chauru (2), Chomu, Hingoniya (2), Kachnariya (1), Kandeoli, Kisangarh Renwal, Lalpura, Mundiya Garh,

Takhar Gotra Jats are residing in Sub-Tehsil Renwal in following nearby places:

Mundli, Ranjeetpura, Motababa Ki Dhani, Gumanababa Ki Dhani, Andhyawali Dhani, Sagar Ki Dhani, Bomababa Ki Dhani, Akawali Talai, Dodiya Ramsinghpura, Hathipura,

Villages in Churu district

Badabar,

Villages in Nagaur district

Budsoo,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Ghevara,

Villages in Sikar district

Antri, Badusar, Balu Baba Ki Dhani, Bhawanipura Srimadhopur, Dhani Takhran, Maganpura (Dataramgarh), Moondwara,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Narhar, Sardarpura,

Villages in Sri Ganganagar district

Suratgarh, Netewala, Rampura, Rangmahal, Takharawali (ta:Suratgarh), Takhrawali (ta:Sadulshahar),

Villages in Tonk district

Takar (ताकर) Jats live in villages:

Adoosya (2), Akhtadi (3), Babdi Darda (1), Chaurupura (6), Devpura Piplu (2), Jharana (4), Kalanada (2), Keria (1), Mamana (22), Mohammad Nagar Dhani, Mohanabad (1), Mungoda (1), Nayagaon Mukranya (1), Pratappura Diggi (8), Pratappura Indoli (4), Rajwas (2), Saaispura Nimeda (2),

Takhar (ताखर) Jats live in villages:

Alinagar (2), Bhalpur (1), Bilamata (3), Choru Lawa (1), Farasya (1), Hajipura (2), Mohanabad (3), Norangpura (26), Rajwas (9), Shergarh (2), Takharon ki Dhani (4),

Distribution in Haryana

Locations in Mahendergarh district

village:-BALAHA KHURD (NANGALIA) near Narnaul

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in district Bhopal.

Villages in Mandsaur district

Betikheri, Bugalia (Gujarda), Kacharia Jat, Laduna (Sitamau), Malhargarh, Mandsaur, Mandsaur, Nataram (Sitamau), Pipalkhuta, Ralayta (Multanpura), Ranayra (Sitamau),

Villages in Nimach district

Takar Jats found in villages: Roop Pura (1), Khadawda (1),

Takhar Jats found in villages: Bagpipalya (1), Fatehnagar (1),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are: Kanser 1,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Takhar is village in Phillaur tahsil in Jalandhar district in Punjab, India.

Shankar is one of the most important village of 'Takhars'. It is in Nakodar tahsil of Jalandhar district. Most of the 'Takhars' belongs to this village. It is a Big village. In big villages, 'Pattis' are there. So in Shankar village there are three pattis:

  • Sandhu Patti - Jatts of Sandhu gotra reside in Sandhu patti,
  • Purewal Patti - Jatts of Purewal gotra reside in Purewal patti
  • Takkhar Patti - Jatts of Takhar gotra reside in Takhar patti.

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Patiala district

Villages in Sangrur district

Distribution in Pakistan

Takhar - The Takhar claim Rajput ancestry. They are found in Sialkot, Narowal and Gujrat districts.

Notable persons

  • Bajrang Lal Takhar
  • Dharmpal Takhar
  • Karan S. Takhar
  • Lieutenant-General B S Takhar
  • K S Makhan - Famous punjabi singer 'K S Makhan' [36] belongs to Takhar gotra and he is from village Shankar tahsil Nakodar district Jalandhar. He is now residing in U.K.
  • B. L. Takhar - Sr. Manager Bank Of Baroda, Date of Birth : 3-August-1956, VPO- Badusar, Laxmangarh,Sikar 2.Samrath Pura Stand, Piprali Road, Sikar Raj.Present Address : F-II/9, L.I.C. Flates, Vidhyadhar Nagar, Jaipur, Mob: 9887325305, Email: takhar.sunil@gmail.com
  • Ramavtar Takhar - Police Inspector [37]

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.त- 4
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1112
  3. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.228
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-2
  5. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-4
  6. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1112
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-29
  8. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1112
  9. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.133,154,185
  10. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 252
  11. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.19
  12. Hukum Singh Panwar:The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations, page 324
  13. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p. 267-268
  14. Herodotus v, 12-27
  15. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p. 267-268
  16. Herodotus v, 12-27
  17. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p. 104
  18. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 34 (Sanskrit-शकास्तुखारा कंकाश्च रोमशः श्रंगिणों नराः)
  19. Vayu Purana (47, 44), Matsya Purana, (121, 45)
  20. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Harsha Vardhana : Linkage and Identity,p.225
  21. Bhim Singh Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p. 272-273
  22. LVII, 39
  23. XIV, 118
  24. Shalya Parva in English on Jatland Wiki
  25. Strabo, XI, 151
  26. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 273
  27. B C Law, op. cit., p. 396
  28. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 273
  29. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 273
  30. Elliot and Dowson: History of India as told by its Own Historians, Vol. I, p. 165
  31. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 215
  32. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan,H. W. Bellew, p.37
  33. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.154
  34. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Introduction,p.xi
  35. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p.351
  36. (http://www.ksmakhan.com/)
  37. Jat Gatha, 3/2016, p.31

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