Tangal

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Tangal (तंगल) Tangana (तंगण)[1] Tangar (तंगड़) Tangar (तांगर) Tangal (तांगल) [2][3] Taldu (तलदू)[4][5] is a gotra of Jats. Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned Tangal as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[6]

Origin

They are mentioned as Tangana (तंगण) in the Puranas.

History

The Markendeya Purana and the Vayu Purana mention them. Mahabharata Sabha Parva mentioned the Tangana and Partangana i.e. the nearest and farther sections of these people. [7] Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mention it as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia. [8]

Mahabharata mentions them in various Parvas.

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 48 shloka 21 mentions them amongst Kings at Rajasuya sacrifice. [9]


They have been mentioned in Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10. [10]

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 46 shloka 49 mentions them with Madakas, Kadakas etc. [11]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 shloka 3 mentions them with Paradaras, Khasas, Kunindas etc. who presented tribute unto Yudhishthira. [12]

Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 51 shloka 18 mentions them with Daradas, Shakas, Ramathas etc. [13]


Tanganas have been mentioned in Mahabharata in Kurukshetra War Day-2 fighting for Pandavas.

Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about Tangal as under: We know a people called Ganganoi connected with Tanganoi by St. Markni and followed by others.[14] Gangana never appears as a tribal name in any Indian source. On the other hand, Tangana or Tungana is the appellation of a fairly well-known people of ancient India." Tungli, conquered by the Kushana, may be "the Tanganoi (in place of Ganganoi) of Ptolemy [15]. Their capital was Shachi, identified with Saketa by F.W. Thomas. [16] J. Kennedy suggests that Tungli may denote Magadha.[17] This coincides the Tangals with the "Murunda" rulers of Patliputra prior to the Kushunas.[18] This discussion shows that Tanganoi of the Greek writers and Tungli of the Chinese, may be the country of Tangal clan of the Jats, conquered by the Kusuan (Kushana) clan. [19]

तङ्गण जाटवंश

अर्ह, पारद, तङ्गण-परतङ्गण - ये तीनों जाटवंश हैं। इनका वर्णन - मेरु और मन्दराचाल (मेरु के पूर्व में) पर्वतों के बीच में प्रवाहित होने वाली शैलौदा नदी के दोनों तटों पर छिद्रों में वायु के भर जाने से वेणु की तरह बजने वाले बांसों की रमणीय छाया में जो लोग बैठते थे और विश्राम करते थे, वे अर्ह, पारद, तङ्गण-परतङ्गण आदि नरेश, महाराजा युधिष्ठिर को भेंट देने के लिए पिपीलिकाओं (चींटियों) द्वारा निकाले हुए पिपीलिक नाम वाले स्वर्ण के ढेर के ढेर उठा लाये थे। (सभापर्व 52वां अध्याय, श्लोक 2-4)। इन लोगों का प्रजातन्त्र राज्य मरु तथा मन्दराचल के क्षेत्र में था। आजकल यह स्थान मंगोलिया में है। अर्जुन ने इन तङ्गण-परतङ्गण नरेशों को हराकर इनसे भेंट ली थी (सभापर्व)।[20]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Tangar (तंगड़) Tangar (तांगड़) Tangad (तांगड़) gotra Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan.

Distribution Uttar Pradesh

They are found in district Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh.

Villages in Firozabad

Jarauli Kalan (जरौली कलां),

Chaudhari Fauran Singh Tangad is notable Advocate, Social worker, Executive member All India Jat Mahasabha, born at village Jarauli Kalan (जरौली कलां), Tehsil and district Firozabad, Uttar Pradesh; Member Maharaja Suraj Mal Sansthan, Chief editor 'Vijay Sandesh' monthly magazine. [21]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Notable person from this gotra

External Links

See also

Tangar

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-5
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-41
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.43,s.n. 1159
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. त-5
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.42,s.n. 1109
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p. 342
  7. Bhim Singh Dahiya Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 290
  8. Dilip Singh Ahlawat: Jat viron ka Itihasa
  9. हारहूणांश च चीनांश च तुखारान सैन्धवांस तदा । जागुडान रमठान मुण्डान सत्री राज्यान अद तङ्गणान (Mahabharata:III.48.21)
  10. हृषीविथर्भाः कान्तीकास तङ्गणाः परतङ्गणाः । उत्तराश चापरे मलेच्छा जना भरतसत्तम (VI.9.63)
  11. पिशाचा थरथाश चैव पुण्ड्राः कुण्डी विषैः सह । मडका कडकाश चैव तङ्गणाः परपङ्गणाः (Mahabharata:VI.46.49)
  12. खशा एकाशनाज्यॊहाः परदरा दीर्घवेनवः । पशुपाश च कुणिन्दाश च तङ्गणाः परतङ्गणाः (Mahabharata:II.48.3)
  13. उग्राश च करूरकर्माणस तुखारा यवनाः खशाः । थार्वाभिसारा थरथाः शका रमठ तङ्गणाः (Mahabharata:VIII.51.18)
  14. op. cit., p. 75
  15. ibid. p. 147.
  16. New· IA, Vol. VII, p. 90-92.
  17. JRAS, 1912, p. 679.
  18. B. N. Puri, op. cit., p. 51.
  19. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 342
  20. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III, Page 291
  21. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 383

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