Thori

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Thori (थोरी)[1][2] Thory, Thouri (थौरी) Thaur (थौर) Thora (थोरा)[3][4]Tholia (थोलिया) Thoriya (थोरिया) Gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan,[5] Haryana and Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

Dr Mahendra Singh Arya etc consider Thori to be originated from place named Tholia (थोलिया).[6] Looking to the Jat Clan System, clan names based on plants, they get name from a plant Thuar (Hindi) and Thor in Rajasthani. Its scientific name is Euphorbia nerilifolia. We have also English name - Thornton. Thornton originated from English Thornton , means "settlement walled by strong thorn hedges" or "thorny estate dweller". [7]

History

James Tod[8] places Thori in the list of Aboriginal Races, many names in which are not capable of identification, and their correct form is uncertain and those of the mercantile tribes are largely groups confined to Rajasthan.

Dr Pema Ram writes that after the invasion of Alexander in 326 BC, the Jats of Sindh and Punjab migrated to Rajasthan. They built tanks, wells and Bawadis near their habitations. The tribes migrated were: Shivis, Yaudheyas, Malavas, Madras etc. The Shivi tribe which came from Ravi and Beas Rivers founded towns like Sheo, Sojat, Siwana, Shergarh, Shivganj etc. This area was adjoining to Sindh and mainly inhabited by Jats. The descendants of Madras in Rajasthan are: Jinja, Bana, Thoria, Lagman, Kamodia, Madal, Devsalya, Junawa, Maderna, Judi, Madrewa, Khokh, Asihag etc. [9]

Dr Naval Viyogi has mentioned the history of Aur-Thaur, which was capital of Shor Nagas Sor Jat clan. According to him Cher, Chola and Pandyas have been important indigenous tribes of Ancient India. H.L. Kosare [10] puts forth his opinion on their origin and history. Urgapur was one of the towns of Nagas of southern region. We have enough information on this issue. Ptolemy has informed that the name of the chief city of southern Cholas was Aur-Thaur. Aur-Thaur was capital of Shor Nagas and it was under Shoartai [11]. The word Shor is synonymous of Sor or Chol of Tamil language. It is quite clear from the name of Shor nagas that Aur-Thaur was the capital of the naga kings; whosoever, he was called Shor (Chola) because he was the ruler of Shor-Tai.[12][13]

Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about a Rigvedic tribe - Tura : (RV 1/18/2, VI/25/5, VIII/3/13, VII/41/2, V/4/5. VI/48/12 VII/40/1, l/171/1, VII/40/l etc.). Turvas is also mentioned as a king in RV X/63/10 and VI/20/12 etc. Turan are noted in RV 1/173/1, and ancient King Tura in 1/121/3. They are also mentioned in Sat.Br. IX/5/2,35. Zimmer and McDonnel, took this tribe as one of the five main Aryan tribes. They are justified also because the Avesta mentions these five tribes as Arya, Turya, Dahi, Shor,and Sarmat. Thus Thori is one of these tribes probably derived from Turya. [14]


James Tod writes that Bhatti Chief Rao Lakhar was the contemporary of Kanardeo Sonigara, whose life was saved by his (Lakhar's) wife's knowledge of omens. Lakhur was ruled by this Rani, who was of the Soda tribe. She invited her brethren from Amarkot ; but the madman, her husband, put them to death, and threw their bodies over the walls. He was allowed to rule four years, and was then replaced by his son, Punpal. This prince was of a temper so violent that the nobles dethroned him, and recalled the exiled Jaitsi from Gujarat. Punpal had a residence assigned him in a remote quarter of the state. He had a son, Lakamsi, who had a son called Rao Raningdeo, who by a stratagem pointed out by a Khurl Rajpoot, took Maroth from the Johyas, and Poogal from the Thories, whose chief, styled Rao, he made captive ; and in Poogal he settled his family. [15]

Villages founded by Thori clan

Distribution in Rajasthan

Thori founded villages Thorasi in Sikar district and Saradhana (Ajmer) in Rajasthan.

Villages in Ajmer district

Saradhana , Sursura (2),

Villages in Sikar district

Bari, Devipura Sikar, Dhod, Jatanpura, Bajdoli, Harsawa, Karanga Chhota, Nehraon Ki Dhani, Ramsisar, Rinau, Sulyawas, Thorasi,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Villages in Churu district

Chhapar Churu (4), Pabasi, Ramsisar, Sitsar, Salwa Kalla, Tidiyasar (5),

Locations in Jodhpur city

Paota,

Villages in Jodhpur district

Dantiwara, Gharaw (60), Jajiwal Khichiyan, Jaleli, Jhanwar, Raimalwara,

Villages in Barmer district

Barmer, Bhurtiya, Dakhan (4), Khokhsar, Chaba, Chabawas, Chhitar Ka Par, Garal (15), Goliya Jetmal, Jhakh, Kasoombala Bhatiyan, Khudasa (15), Nokhra (15), Sarla Barmer, Sutharon Ka Tala (Garal), Thoriyawala, Undu, Thoriyon Ka Tala, Thoriyon Ki Dhani (t.Pachpadra), Utarlai,

Villages in Nagaur district

Ambapa, Balwa, Bhaiya Kalan, Chandpura Nagaur, Degana Ganw, Didwana, Jatanpura, Jeslan, Kurada, Rabdiyad, Rawaliyawas, Riksa, Thorion Ki Dhani (Daudsar),

Villages in Ajmer district

Ajmer, Madanganj-Kishangarh

Locations in Jaipur city

Khatipura,

Villages in Jaipur district

Bag ki Dhani (2), Rampura Unti, Sahedariya (1), Thorya ki Dhani (1),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Amarpura Jalukhat, Charanwasi, Deidas, Dholipal, Khothanwali, Pacca Saharana, Ramgarh, Sangariya,

Villages in Tonk district

Araniya Kedar (2), Rajwas (5),

Villages in Bhilwara district

Thoriya Khera I, Thoriya Khera II (t.Raipur Bhilwara)

Villages in Udaipur district

Chhaparwali Thori, Magrawali Thori,

Villages in Jalor district

Chitalwana, Veriya,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Sirsa district

Chautala,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur district

Mandsaur,

Villages in Nimach district

Araniyachandel (3),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Thori gotra are:

Hanumanpalia 1, Jawra 2, Panchewa 1, Ratlam 10,

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Thoria gotra are: Kanchan khedi 1,

Villages in Dewas district

Olamba (3),

Distribution in Gujarat

Villages in Banas Kantha district

Deesa,

Distribution in Sindh

James Tod[16] writes that Tawari (Thori) clan is found in Sindh.

Notable persons

  • Saheed Pabu Ram Thori - शहीद पाबु राम थोरी, गांव- सालवा कलाँ, (जोधपुर) । 18 अगस्त 2015 को शोपियाँ, जम्मू एवम् कश्मीर में आतंकियों से लड़ते हुए वीरगति को प्राप्त हुए ।
  • Shri Ramsarup Chowdhary,Ex-Zila Pramukh,Ajmer.
  • Sonaram K Jat - Social worker from village Bhuratia in Barmer district in Rajasthan.
  • Ghanshyam Thori - IAS (2009), Date of Birth : 2-December-1984, Permanent Address : M/s Nathu Ram Atma Ram, Shop No 110, New Dhan Mandi, Raisinghnagar (VPO), Sriganganagar, Rajasthan. Pin 335051, Present Address : 18/13, II Floor, Old Rajinder Nagar, Delhi, Mob: 9873793420, Email Address : gthori@gmail.com
  • Likhma Ram Thory - Date of Birth : 15-April-1966, A.En, Department : AVVNL Ajmer.
  • Rameshwar Lal Thory - Date of Birth : 1-December-1958, LECTURER College Education. VIL.- Jatanpura, PO.-BERI KHURD TEH.- Didwana, DISTT.- NAGAUR, Present Address : 2/19, HOUSING BOARD, DEVIPURA, SIKAR, Resident Phone Number : 01572-240466, Mobile Number : 9414664086
  • Narayan Lal Thori - Village Kotia, Sikar, Mob:9908176433
  • Shri Bal Ram Thori - From village Olamba in Dewas, MP, Adhyaksh Zila Vanopaj Union, Dewas, Mob:9424899516
  • Dr Naveen Kumar Tholia--From Pilani in district Jhunjhunu
  • Rajesh Thori (राजेश थोरी) - born 17.09.1995 at village Khothanwali in district Hanumangarh, Rajasthan : जाट विचारक एवं लेखक mob- 9785111181
  • रामचन्द्र थोरी (RC Choudhary)- प्रदेश प्रवक्ता एवं प्रदेश सचिव, राजस्थान प्रदेश कांग्रेस कमेटी ।
  • Junjaram Thory - born 30.04.1997 at village veriya in district Jalore : Editor & CEO of www.jaatdarshan.in and IT & Social Media Head at Aapno Gramin Rajasthan Newspaper.
  • Dr Narendra Thori - RAS, born 1.1.1980 at Jatanpura, Beri, Didwana Nagaur, Rajasthan, MA Gold Medalist.[17]

Gallery of Thori people

Exernal Links

  • www.jaatdarshan.in

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. थ-7
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.44,s.n. 1183
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. थ-23
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.44,s.n. 1183
  5. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, p. 254
  7. Meaning and origin of name Thornton
  8. James Todd Annals/Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,p.144
  9. Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, ,p.14
  10. H.L. Kosare, P.47
  11. E.A. 8 P-368
  12. D.R. Bhandarkar, Ram Prakash Ojha "Ashoka" PP 35-36
  13. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, p. 310
  14. यो रेवान यो अमीवहा वसुवित पुष्टिवर्धनः |स नः सिषक्तु यस्तुरः || (RV 1/18/2) नहि तवा शूरो न तुरो न धर्ष्णुर्न तवा योधो मन्यमानो युयोध | इन्द्र नकिष टवा परत्यस्त्येषां विश्वा जातान्यभ्यसि तानि || (RV VI/25/5) कन नव्यो अतसीनां तुरो गर्णीत मर्त्यः |नही नवस्य महिमानमिन्द्रियं सवर्ग्र्णन्त आनशुः || (RV VIII/3/13)
  15. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Jaisalmer, p.225
  16. James Todd Annals/Sketch of the Indian Desert, Vol. III,p. 1293
  17. Jat Gatha, 10/2015, p.29

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