|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)|
Variants of name
Ibn Haukal (Ashkálu-l Bilád) writes that in 943 A.D., and after passing through the various lands under Musulmán rule, he returned to that city in 968 A.D.. The following year he was in Africa, and he seems to have finished his work in 976 A.D. His book received the same title as that of Ibn Khúrdádba, or "Book of Roads and Kingdoms. ....He has placed the country of Sind and its dependencies in one map, which exhibits the entire country of Sind, part of Hind, and Túrán and Budha. On the entire east of this tract there lies the sea of Fárs, and on the west, Kirmán and the desert of Sijistán, and the countries subject to it. To the north are the countries of Hind, and to the south is the desert lying between Makrán and Kufs, beyond which is the sea of Fárs. This sea is to the east of the above-mentioned territories, and to the south of the said desert, for it extends from Saimúr on the east to Tiz of Makrán; it then bends round the desert, and encircles Kirmán and Fárs.
In addition, in his book Aqd al-Ala lel-Moghefe al Ahla, Afdhal al-Din abu Hamid Kermani wrote in 584 A.H. (1188) about the port of Tiz and its commerce and trade. According to the scholar and historian, Alberuni, author of an encyclopedic work on India called "Tarikh Al-Hind", the sea coast of India commences with Tiz or modern Chabahar.
As a matter of fact the Sarhad range which runs from north to south and separates the Sub-continent of India from the Plateau of Iran, commences in the vicinity of Tiz. Tis was formerly an active commercial port, and was destroyed by the Mongols. There are still some ruins in the village. The Portuguese were the first colonial country to attack the Makran (Oman) Sea. The Portuguese forces under Afonso de Albuquerque gained control of Chabahar and Tis, staying there until 1031 A.H. (1621). The British, and later the Portuguese in the 17th century (year 1616) AC (1026 A.H.), entered this region.
At the 2006 census, its population was 3,873, in 776 families.
- The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians/V. Ibn Haukal (Ashkálu-l Bilád),p.33
- Alberuni's India: An Account of the Religion, Philosophy, Literature, Geography, Chronology, Astronomy, Customs, Laws and Astrology of India about A.D. 1030, by Edward C. Sachau Published by Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1910
- "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran.
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