Mention by Panini
(28) Wijhi: Perhaps they are to be identified with the Vijji/ Vajji who are associated with the famous Licchavis. It is further possible that the Naich clan may be the same as Licchavi because the latter name is also mentioned as Nichavi. This is a suggestion which requires further consideration. "These Licchavis were distinguished for their bright coloured and variegated dresses and equipages and all the evidence seems to point to these people being a branch of the Yue-che". Others hold that the Licchavis were Hinduised foreigners.  D.C. Sircar concurs with this view.
Alexander Cunningham writes .... 24. Vriji. From Vaisali, Hwen Thsang proceeded to the north-east for 500 li, or 83 miles, to Fo-li-shi, or Vriji, which has already been identified as the territory of the powerful tribe of Wajji, or Vriji. In the time of Buddha, the Vrijis were divided into several clans, as the Lichhavis, the Vaidehis, the Tirabhuktis, and others, whose names are unknown. The exact number of their clans would appear to have been eight, as criminals were arraigned before the atthakulaka, or " eight clans," which would appear to have been a jury composed of one member from each of the separate divisions of the tribe. Hwen Thsang mentions that the people of the north called them San-fa-shi, or Samvajji, that is the "United Vajjis," — and the same name is referred to in the long and interesting account of the people of Wajji, which is given by Turnour from the Pali chronicles of Ceylon, The great monarch Ajatasatru, of Magadha, wishing to subdue the " great and powerful people of Wajji", sent his minister to consult Buddha as to the best means of accomplishing his object. The Raja is informed that so long as the people of Wajji remained "united," they would be invincible. (p.447)
Rajatarangini tells us....And when the stout Vijjaraja, hot with pride, struck Mallaka, he returned the blow, but both instantly fell on him. When the king appeared in view at the door of the four cornered room, Mallaka left his three antagonists and ran towards the king. At the time when the king was thus singled out, Kularaja ran swiftly in alarm and cut off the speed of Mallaka by cutting him in the bone of the buttocks. (p.208) (Vijjaraja→Vijhi)
- History and study of the Jats/Chapter 10
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. व-53
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix II,p.328,s.n.161
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix III, p. 334,s.n. 57
- A.C. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. III, p. 507
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.508
- Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix III,p.341
- S. Beal, op. cit., Vol. III, p, 308; EHI. pp. 162-63; lA, Vol. XXXII, p. 233-35 and Vol. XXXVII, p. 78·80.
- JASB, Vol. p. 142-43.
- H.N. Jha The Licchvis Varanasi.
- The Ancient Geography of India/Vajji,pp.447-450
- Turnour, Journ. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, vii. 993, and note,
- Ibid. vii. 992.
- Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII (i) , p.208
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