Varda

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Map of Sakastan around 100 BCE showing Barda, the place of origin of Burdaks

Varda (वरदा) Varada (वरदा) Barda (बरदा) is Gotra of Jats found in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh.

Origin

Varada (वरद) is name of Shiva.

History

In Ramayana

Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 41 mentions that Sugreeva sends Vanara-s in search of Sita to southward which troop includes Hanuman, Jambavanta, Nila and others and Angada is its leader. Sugreeva gives a vivid picture of the southern side of Jambu dvipa up to the south-most part of passable regions. he narrates the auspicious River Varada in shloka 9 which is an adoration to great Nagas. And the territories of Mekhala, Utkala, the cities of Dasharna, kingdoms of Abravanti, Avanti, and Vidarbha, also thus the charming kingdom of Mahishaka. are to be searched thoroughly. [1]

Mahabharata Aswamedha Parva, Mahabharata/Book 14 Chapter 8 mentions about a peak named Munjaban on the summits of the Himalaya mountains, where the adorable Lord of Uma (Mahadeva) is constantly engaged in austere devotional exercises. On all sides of that mountain, there exist mines of gold, resplendent as the rays of the sun. And O king, the attendants of Kuvera, desirous of doing good to him, protect these mines of gold from intruders, with uplifted arms. Hie thee thither, and appease that adorable god who is known by the names which include Varada in shloka 25. [2]

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions in shloka 59 Varada along with Kalingas. [3]

In Parthian Stations

Parthian Stations by Isidore of Charax, is an account of the overland trade route between the Levant and India, in the 1st century BCE, The Greek text with a translation and commentary by Wilfred H. Schoff. Transcribed from the Original London Edition, 1914. This record mentions about city named Barda. Burdaks are probably originated from city called Barda, the place is the royal residence of the Sakas in Sistan. The presence of the Sakas in Sakastan in the 1st century BCE is mentioned by Isidore of Charax in his "Parthian stations". He explained that they were bordered at that time by Greek cities to the east (Alexandria of the Caucasus and Alexandria of the Arachosians), and the Parthian-controlled territory of Arachosia to the south:

"Beyond is Sacastana of the Scythian Sacae, which is also Paraetacena, 63 schoeni. There are the city of Barda and the city of Min and the city of Palacenti and the city of Sigal (Cf. Nimrus of the Rustam story in the Shah Nama); in that place is the royal residence of the Sacae; and nearby is the city of Alexandria (and nearby is the city of Alexandropolis), and six villages." Parthian stations, 18.[4]

Beyond is Arachosia, 36 schoeni. And the Parthians call this White India; there are the city of Biyt and the city of Pharsana and the city of Chorochoad and the city of Demetrias; then Alexandropolis, the metropolis of Arachosia; it is Greek, and by it flows the river Arachotus. As far as this place the land is under the rule of the Parthians." Parthian stations, 19.[5]

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Jharsandala 2,

Varda village in Dungarpur district

Varda is village in Sagwara tahsil in Dungarpur district .

Population

Its population is 4,364.

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. वरदाम् च महाभागाम् महोरग निषेविताम् । मेखलान् उत्कलाम् चैव दशार्ण नगराणि अपि ॥४-४१-९॥ अब्रवंतीम् अवंतीम् च सर्वम् एव अनुपश्यत । :विदर्भान् ऋष्टिकान् चैव रम्यान् माहिषकान् अपि ॥४-४१-१०॥
  2. पिनाकिनं महादेवं महायॊगिनम अव्ययम । तरिशूलपाणिं वरदं तयम्बकं भुवनेश्वरम (XIV.8.25)
  3. पुत्र मेषः परवाहश च तदा नन्दॊपनन्दकौधूम्रः शवेतः कलिङ्गशसिद्धार्दॊ वरदस तदा ।।(IX.44.59)
  4. Parthian stations
  5. Parthian stations

See also

Burdak

References


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