Vinda

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Vinda (विन्द) was an ancient city in Avanti Janapada (Ujjain), Madhya Pradesh. Mahabharata mentions Vinda and Anuvinda in the list of Dhritarashtra's sons.

Origin

Variants

Vinda विंद दे. Anuvinda अनुविंद (AS, p.848)

Jat clans

History

विंद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[1] ने लेख किया है ... विंद (AS, p.848) नामक एक प्राचीन नगर का उल्लेख महाभारत, सभापर्व [31,10] में हुआ है-'ततस्तेनैव सहितो नर्मदामभितो ययौ, विन्दानुविन्दावावन्त्यौ सैन्येन महताऽवृतौ।' यह अवंति जनपद का एक नगर था। महाभारत, सभापर्व में अवंति जनपद के 'विंद' तथा 'अनुविंद' नामक नगरों की स्थिति नर्मदा के समीप बताई गई है।

अनुविंद

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[2] ने लेख किया है ...अनुविंद (AS, p.21) महाभारत सभा पर्व 31,10 में अवंति जनपद के विंद तथा अनुविंद नामक नगरों की स्थिति नर्मदा के समीप बताई गई है- 'ततस्तेनैव सहितो नर्मदामभितो ययौ, विन्दानुविन्दाववन्त्यौ सैन्येनमहताऽऽवृतौ'।

In Mahabharata

Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (I.108.3), (II.28.10),(VI.47.17), (VI.52.7), (VIII.4.10),


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 108 gives the names of Dhritarashtra's hundred sons. Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (I.108.3).[3]


Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions Sahadeva's march towards south: kings and tribes defeated. Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (II.28.10).[4]....the prince (Sahadeva) then marched towards the countries that lay on the banks of the Narmada. And defeating there in battle the two heroic kings of Avanti, called Vinda and Anuvinda, supported by a mighty host, the mighty son of the twin gods exacted much wealth from them.


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 47 describes immeasurable heroes assembled for battle. Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (VI.47.17).[5]...And Bhurisravas, and Shala, and Shalya, and Bhagadatta, Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti, protected the left flank.


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 52 describes the order of army of the (Kuru) in Mahabharata War. Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (VI.52.7).[6] ...And on its back was king Duryodhana with all his followers. And Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti, and the Kambojas with the Sakas, and the Surasenas formed its tail.


Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 4 mentions the warriors who are dead amongst the Kurus and the Pandavas after ten days. Vinda (विन्द)-Anuvinda (अनुविन्द) are mentioned in Mahabharata (VIII.4.10).[7]...Possessed of great might, Vinda and Anuvinda, the two princes of Avanti, after achieving the most difficult feats, have gone to Yama's abode.

External links

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.848
  2. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.21
  3. विन्दानुविन्दौ दुर्धर्षः सुबाहुर दुष्प्रधर्षणः, दुर्मर्षणॊ दुर्मुखश च दुष्कर्णः कर्ण एव च (I.108.3)
  4. विन्दानुविन्दाव आवन्त्यौ सैन्येन महता वृतौ, जिगाय समरे वीराव आश्विनेयः प्रतापवान (II.28.10)
  5. भूरिश्रवाः शलः शल्यॊ भगथत्तश च मारिष, विन्दानुविन्दाव आवन्त्यौ वामं पार्श्वम अपालयन
  6. विन्दानुविन्दाव आवन्त्यौ काम्बॊजशशकैः सह, पुच्छम आसन महाराज शूरसेनाश च सर्वशः
  7. विन्दानुविन्दाव आवन्त्यौ राजपुत्रौ महाबलौ, कृत्वा न सुकरं कर्म गतौ वैवस्वतक्षयम (VIII.4.10)