Vishvamitra (विश्वामित्र) was sage of ancient times in India. Vishwamitra was a Kshatriya, who attained to the state of a Brahmana and became the founder of a race of Brahmanas. He is also credited as the author of most of Mandala 3 of the Rigveda, including the Gayatri Mantra.
King in ancient India
Vishvamitra was a king in ancient India, also called Kaushika "descendant of Kusha". He was a valiant warrior and the great-grandson of a great king named Kusha. The Valmiki Ramayana, prose 51 of Bala Kanda, starts with the story of Vishvamitra:
There was a king named Kusha (not to be confused with Kusha, son of Rama), a brainchild of Prajapati, and Kusha's son was the powerful and verily righteous Kushanabha. One who is highly renowned by the name Gadhi was the son of Kushanabha, and Gadhi's son is this great-saint of great resplendence, Vishvamitra. Vishvamitra ruled the earth, and this great-resplendent king ruled the kingdom for many thousands of years.
Mention by Panini
Anusasana Parva/Book XIII Chapter 4 tells ancestry of Viswamitra, a Kshatriya whose sons became progenitors of many races of Brahmanas and founders of many clans. Viswamitra (विश्वामित्र) is mentioned in Mahabharata verse (XIII.4.46,47) .... The celebrated wife of Godhe too gave birth to the regenerate Rishi Viswamitra versed in the knowledge of Brahma, by favour of that Rishi. The highly devout Vishwamitra, though a Kshatriya, attained to the state of a Brahmana and became the founder of a race of Brahmanas.
Vishwamitra's Family tree
Madhuchcchanda, Devrat, Akshina, Shakunta, Babhru, Kalapatha, Yajnavalkya, Sthuna, Uluka, Yamaduta, Saindhavayana, Karna, Jangha, Galava, Vajra, Shalankayana, Lalatya, Narada, Kurchamuka, Vaduli, Musala, Rakshogriva, Anghrika, Naikabhricha, Shilayupa, Sita, Suchi, Chakraka, Marutantavya, Vataghna, Ashwalayana, Syamayana, Gargya, Jabali, Susruta, Karisha, Sansrutya, Paurava, Tantu, Kapila, Tarakayana, Upagahana, Arjunayana, Margamitra, Hiranyksha, Janghari, Babhruvahana, Suti, Vibhuti, Suta, Suta, Suranga, Araddhi, Namaya, Champeya, Ujjayana, Navatantu, Bakanakha, Sayonya, Rati, Shyoruha, Arumatsya, Shirisha, Gardhabhi, Urjjayoni, Radapeksa, Narada,
Association with present Jat gotras
Ram Sarup Joon writes ... Many names in the Genealogical tables of Yayati are associated with present Jat gotras. Some examples are Ushinar, Shishu Bhadra, Tak or Takshak, Satoti, Krishan or Kushana from the Yadhu branch; Dushyanta, Bharat, Bhardwaja, Hasti, Ajmirh, Kaushik, Gadh and Vishwamitra of Puru branch; Seth, Arh, Gandhi, Gaindhu and Gandhar of the Ardas branch.
Ram Swarup Joon writes that about Baje, Bajyar, Baje Ranya: In the Mahabharat ", Chapter - Sabha Parva" We find a mention of the Bajia gotra. They were staunch enemies of Nand dynasty. Chander Shekhar has given a reference while giving an account of the Maurya dynasty. The king of Bajarnia fought against Alexander the Great. The capital of the Bajernias was Bijerania Kot near Ludhiana. The Bajernias consider themselves the descendants of the son of Satak Raj Rishi Vishvamitra. (The B and V are interchangeable) Bajernia Raje, Bajyar and Raje Bije Ranya, Hindus and Sikhs are found in the Punjab.
Ram Sarup Joon writes that ...A number of Jat gotras are found amongst the Brahmins. Badgi is one of them. Badgi Brahmins and Biji, Baje and Bajrania Jats are all descendants of Rishi Bishwamitra son of Raja Kusl Kirayana.
Agnikula Kshatriyas by Vishwamitra
James Tod writes that Viswamitra chose for Re-creation of the Agnikula Kshatriyas rite the summit of Mount Abu where dwell the hermits and sages constantly occupied in the duties of religion, and who had carried their complaints even to the kheer samudra (sea of curds), where they saw the Father of Creation floating upon the hydra (emblem of eternity). He desired them to regenerate the warrior race, and they returned to Mount Abu with Indra, Brahma, Rudra, Vishnu, and all the inferior divinities, in their train. The fire-fountain (anhal-kund) was lustrated with the waters of the Ganges; expiatory rites were performed, and, after a protracted debate, it was resolved that Indra should initiate the work of re-creation.
Pramara: Having formed an image (putli) of the duba grass, Indra sprinkled it with the water of life, and threw it into the fire-fountain. Thence, on pronouncing the sajivan mantri (incantation to give life), a figure slowly emerged from the flame, bearing in the right hand a mace, and exclaiming, " Mar ! mar !" (slay, slay). He was called Pramara; and Abu, Dhar, and Ujain were assigned to him as a territory.
Solanki:Brahma was then entreated to frame one from his own essence (ansa). He made an image, threw it into the pit, whence issued a figure armed with a sword (kharga) in one hand, with the veda in the other, and a janeu round his neck. He was named Chalukya or Solanki, and Anhalpur Patan was appropriated to him.
[p.407]: Parihar: Rudra formed the third. The image was sprinkled with the water of the Ganges, and on the incantation being read, a black ill-favoured figure arose, armed with the dhanus or bow. As his foot slipped when sent against the demons, he was called Parihara, and placed as the poleoh, or guardian of the gates. He had the no-nangal Marusthali, or 'nine habitations of the desert' assigned him.
Chauhans: The fourth was formed by Vishnu; when an image like himself, four-armed, each having a separate weapon, issued from the flames, and was thence styled Chaturbhuja Chau-han, or the ' four-armed.' The gods bestowed their blessing upon him, and Macavati-nagri as his territory. Such was the name of Garra-Mandalla in the Dwapar, or silver age.
Jat clans from his family tree
Kings or Rishis progenitors of Jat clans:
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.461
- विश्वामित्रं चाजनयद गॊधेर भार्या यशस्विनी, ऋषेः परभावाद राजेन्द्र बरह्मर्षिं बरह्मवादिनम (XIII.4.46) ततॊ बराह्मणतां यातॊ विश्वामित्रॊ महातपाः, कशत्रियः सॊ ऽपय अथ तथा बरह्म वंशस्य कारकः (XIII.4.47)
- The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations, 1993, p. 15.
- History of the Jats/Chapter II,p. 28
- Ram Swarup Joon| History of the Jats/Chapter V,p.72
- Ram Sarup Joon : History of the Jats/Chapter VI,p.123
- James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II, Annals of Haravati,p.406-407
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