Brihadbala (बृहद्बल) was a king of Mahabharata period. Mentioned in Mahabharata (I.63.29), (I.63),(I.177.5), (1.188),(I.177.15), (1.188), (II.27.1),(II.31.10),(V.72.16),(VI.112.31). He was also known as Vrihadbala, 36th in descent from Ramchandra.
Genealogy in Bhagavata Purana
Rama → Kusha → Atithi → Nishadha → Nabha → Pundarika → Kshema Dhanvan → Devanika → Aniha → Pariyatra → Balasthala → Vajra Nabha (Incarnation of Surya) → Sagana → Vidhriti → Hiranya Nabha → Pushpa → Dhruva Sandhi → Sudarshana → Agni Varna → Maru → Prasusruta → Sandhi → Amarshana → Mahasvat → Visvabahu → Prasenajit → Takshaka → Brihadbala (killed at the battle of Kurukshetra by Abhimanyu)
It is believed that in 1500 BC, wars took place between Ram and Ravan; and in 950 BC, between the Kaurava and Pandava. So, about 3500 years ago Kusha would have formed the state of South Kosal. According to the Puranas, chronologically Aatithhi, Nissadha, Nala, Nabha, Pandurika, Sudhanba, Devarika and Aahinaru have ruled over Dakhin Kosal. In “Harivamsha purana” and “Bhagavata Purana”, there are twenty five kings’ names given chronologically. Considering the names and based on many other incidences, historian Parzitor has described Shrutayu as the king of Dakshina Kosala during the era of the Mahabharata war. He was also known as Vrihadbala, 36th in descent from Lord Ramchandra. This king was the contemporary of Dirghajagyan, the Ikshvaku king of Ayodhya. It is mentioned in Mahabharata that Bhima defeated these two kings and forced them to accept the dominion of Yudhisthira and to attain the Rajasuyan yajna of king Yudhisthira.
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 31 tells us Kshatriyas brought tributes on Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthira. King Bhagadatta of Pragjyotisha accompanied by all Mlechcha tribes inhabiting the marshy regions on the sea-shore; and many mountain kings, and king Brihadbala; and Vasudeva the king of the Paundrayas, and the kings of Vanga and Kalinga; and Akastha and Kuntala and the kings of the Malavas and the Andhrakas; and the Dravidas and the Singhalas and the king of Kashmira, and king Kuntibhoja of great energy and king Gauravahana, and all the other heroic kings of Valhika; and Virata with his two sons, and Mavella endued with great might; and various kings and princes ruling in various countries; and, O Bharata king Sisupala endued with great energy and invincible in battle accompanied by his son--all of them came to the sacrifice of the son of Pandu. And Rama and Aniruddha and Kanaka and Sarana; and Gada, Pradyumna, Shamva, and Charudeshna of great energy; and Ulmuka and Nishatha and the brave Angavaha; and innumerable other Vrishnis--all mighty car-warriors--came there.
- सह सर्वैस तदा मलेच्छैः सागरानूपवासिभिः
- पार्वतीयाश च राजानॊ राजा चैव बृहद्बलः (II.31.10)
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