Note - Please click → Bhagwanpur for details of similarly named villages at other places.
Situated 24 km northeast of Kurukshetra
Site in Indus Valley Civilization
Bhagwanpura also called Bhagpura, is an archaeological site that lies on the bank of Hakra Ghaggar channel in the Kurukshetra district of Haryana state, India. Situated 24 km northeast of Kurukshetra, the site is notable for showing an overlap between the late Harappan and Painted Grey Ware cultures. Painted Grey Ware is generally associated with the Vedic people, so this area can be said as the junction of two great civilizations of India.
An archaeological museum at Sheikh Chilli's Tomb complex in Thanesar established by the Archaeological Survey of India consists of archaeological finds like a humped bull-shaped carnelian pendant, terracotta beads and semi-precious stones from sites in Bhagwanpura. Overview
Bhagwanpura shows one period of habitation, with two sub-periods:
- Sub-period IA: late Harappan culture (c. 1700–1300 BCE)
- Sub-period IB: overlap between late Harappan and PGW culture (c. 1400–1000 BCE)
During sub-period IA, the late Harappan people lived in houses of burnt brick and built mud platforms to protect against flooding. During sub-period IB, the late Harappan pottery continued, but a new form of pottery (the PGW) was introduced. Initially, the PGW people lived in thatched wattle-and-daub huts, but later they began to build mud-walled houses. One large house had thirteen rooms and a courtyard, and may have belonged to a chief. Towards the end of sub-period IB, the PGW people began to use burnt bricks, but no complete structures have been found. During both phases, cattle, sheep, and pig were domesticated, but horse bones have only been found in sub-period IB. Six oval structures from this sub-period may have had some ritualistic use.
Some scholars believe that the burnt bricks (square, rectangular, and wedge-shaped) from sub-period IB were not in fact used for building houses, but for the construction of Vedic fire altars.
- "Archaeological Museum, Thanesar". Archaeological Survey of India
- J.P. Joshi (1993), Excavation at Bhagwanpura 1975 - 76 : and other explorations & excavations 1975 - 81 in Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir and Punjab. Archaeological Survey of India
- Joshi (1993)
- J.M. Kenoyer (2006), "Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition. In Historical Roots" in the Making of ‘the Aryan’, R. Thapar (ed.), pp. 21–49. New Delhi, National Book Trust.