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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Ghazipur district map

Ghazipur (गाजीपुर) is a town and a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. The city of Ghazipur is the district headquarters. The district is part of Varanasi Division. The city of Ghazipur is famous for the tomb of Viceroy of British India, Lord Cornwallis, who died here. His tomb is situated in Western part of City, and is conserved by Archaeological Survey of India.




As per the verbal and folk history [1] Ghazipur was covered with dense forest during the Vedic era and it was a place for ashrams of saints during that period. The place is related to the Ramayana period. Jamadagni, the father of Parashurama, is said to have resided here.[2]The famous Gautama Maharishi and Chyavana were given teaching and sermon here in ancient period. Lord Buddha gave his first sermon in Sarnath,[3] which is not far from the here.[4] Hsüan Tsang (629AD) has described name of this place in Chinese as Chen-Chu that stands for "lord of conflict or battle" as translation of Garjanpati, and its original name was Garzapur.[5] However some sources state that the original name was Gadhipur [6] in honour of Prince Gadhi (incarnation of Lord Indra).

A 30ft. high Ashoka Pillar is situated in Latiya, a village 30km away from the ghazipur city near Zamania Tehsil is a symbol of Mauryan Empire. It was declared a monument of national importance and protected by the archeological survey of India.[7] In the report of tours in that area of 1871-72 Sir Alexander Cunningham wrote, "The village receives its name from a stone lat, or monolith".[8]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[9] ने लेख किया है ... ग़ाज़ीपुर पूर्वी उत्तर प्रदेश का एक प्रधान नगर है। यह नगर नदी के ऊँचे कगार पर बसा हुआ है। स्थानीय जनश्रुति के अनुसार इस नगर को राजा 'गाधिपुर' ने बसाया था। इसका मूल नाम गाधिपुर ही था, जो मुस्लिम शासन काल में, 1352 ई. के लगभग मसूद ग़ाज़ी के नाम पर ग़ाज़ीपुर हो गया। बंगाल के अंग्रेज़ गवर्नर-जनरल लॉर्ड कॉर्नवॉलिस की मृत्यु इसी स्थान पर 1805 ई. में हुई थी। उसकी संगमरमर की क़ब्र यहाँ स्मारक रूप में मौजूद है। स्थानीय किवदंती में ग़ाज़ीपुर का प्राचीन नाम 'गर्जपतिपुर' या 'गर्जपुर' भी कहा जाता है।

See also

External links


  2. Uttar Pradesh (India) (1982). Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Ghazipur. Government of Uttar Pradesh. pp. 15–16.
  3. "Sarnath Buddhist Pilgrimage - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India".
  4. "Places of Interest of District Ghazipur".
  5. Hsüan Tsang (629AD), Buddhist Records of the Western World, Vol 2 [1], Trübner's Oriental Series, 1884, TRUBNER & CO, LUDGATE, London, Page 61,
  9. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.