H. W. Bellew writes that Beyond the Jaji, and adjacent also to the Turi, is the Mangal tribe. The Mangal are reckoned at six thousand families, and inhabit the Chamkani valley, south of the Kuram river, and the hills as far west as Machalgu (Bachalgot Rajput tribe) in the Zurmat district of Ghazni. They are said to be of kindred race with the Jaji, and are generally allied with them in politics. They may represent the Mangali (Mangal Barni, or Mang Barni, before mentioned in connection with the Aparni Dahi of Hazarah) of Sultan Jalaluddin Mangali, the celebrated son of Sultan Muhammad Kharizm Shah, whose special government and princely appanage was the province of Ghazni, in which his family, dependents, and followers were settled. Mangali is a common proper name among the Moghol Tatar, and is said by D'Herbelot, to be the Tatar form of the Hebrew Mikail (Michael), a name introduced amongst them in the early centuries of Christianity by Israelites, or by Nestorians. On the other hand, Mangalia is the name of a well-known clan of the Gahlot Rajput, and also of a predatory tribe of the Indian desert ; whilst Mangal is the name of a Khatri tribe. The Mangalia of the Indian desert and Jesalmir appear to be the source of the Mingal of Balochistan, whom we shall meet at a later stage of this inquiry, and they may be the true source also of the Mangal we are now discussing. The Mangal of Kirman are partly agricultural and partly pastoral, and all more or less predatory and independent. 
H W bellew  writes that Chaghatai Turk clans of Mangal, Jaji, Jadran, Khitai, &c, who are settled about the Pewar and the head waters of the Kurram river, and who were brought to these situations on the invasions of Changhiz and Tymur the Tatar scourges of the world during the thirteenth and fifteenth centuries. These clans, with the exception of the Jadran, though they have almost entirely lost the typical physiognomy of their race, their mother-tongue, and, indeed, everything else but their names, which would connect them with their original stock, nevertheless hold themselves entirely distinct political relations always excepted from the Ghilji, who are their neighbours. The study of the history and origin of these obscure clans is a very important one, and interesting as well on its own merits, as yet it has hardly been even thought of.
Distribution in Pakistan
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.100,115,137,155,184
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.100
- The Races of Afghanistan/Chapter XI, p.102
- Census Of India 1911 Volume xiv Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
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