Thakur Nawal Singh founded the city of Nawalgarh in Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan on magha shukla 2 samvat 1794 at place called Rohili (रोहिली) . Thukur Nawal Singh’s fourth son was Dalel Singh who was given the right of 12 villages after constructing a fort at present Pilani town. The fort was named Dalelgarh after Dalel Singh. When Dalel Singh was expanding his strength Rao Raja Laxman Singh of Sikar attacked him. At that time Dalel Singh’s brother and ruler of Nawalgarh came to his rescue. In the war a brave Pilania Jat with his bravery could save the fort of Dalelgarh. After this the name Dalelgarh was changed to Pilani in the memory of Pilania Jat.
Initially Pilani was a village of about 1500 people. Out of these 100 families were of Vaishyas, mainly of Agarwals. There were about 15 families of Maheshwaris out of which there was only one family of Birlas.
The town is birthplace of India's leading industrialist, GD Birla. It houses one of India's finest technical schools, BITS Pilani. The Central Electronics Engineering Research Institute (CEERI) is also located here. It also houses some good boarding schools like Birla Public School, Birla Senior Secondary School and Birla Balika Vidyapeeth.
GD Birla established world-class scientific institutions in that remote desert village because it was his birthplace. Pilani has now become a prosperous town, which is a great achievement because Pilani has no natural advantages. If Pilani could be transformed the way it has been, any other village can be. All that is required is a seed in the form of a world-class institution.
However, in its formative years lasting a couple of decades, Pilani was sustained by the Birlas who had deep pockets and deeper sentiments for the village. People of Pilani are thankful to Birlas, only few entrepreneurs would be prepared to emulate them, and nurture a village for long years. That is why the Pilani experiment has not been repeated although quite a few other rich business families originate from remote villages.
Pilani is also proud to have CEERI, a pioneer Research Institute in the Country and a contituent laboratory of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi, established in 1953, for advanced Research and Development (R&D) in the field of Electronics. Since its inception it has been working for the growth of electronics in the country and has established the required infrastructure and well experienced manpower for undertaking R&D in the following three major areas
Dr DK Taknet: Marwari Samaj aur Brijmohan Birla, Indian Institute of Marwari Entrepreneurship, Jaipur, 1993, ISBN 81-85878-00-5
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- Dr DK Taknet: Marwari Samaj aur Brijmohan Birla, Indian Institute of Marwari Entrepreneurship, Jaipur, 1993, ISBN 81-85878-00-5