List of Kings of Babylon

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The following is a list of the kings of Babylonia (ancient Sumer (southern)- Akkad (central Iraq), compiled from the traditional Babylonian king lists and modern archaeological findings.

The Babylonian King List

The Babylonian King List is not merely a list of kings of Babylon, but is a very specific ancient list of supposed Babylonian kings recorded in several ancient locations, and related to its predecessor, the Sumerian King List. As in the latter, contemporaneous dynasties are listed chronologically without comment.

There are three versions, one known as "King List A" (containing all the kings from the First Dynasty of Babylon to the Neo-Assyrian king Kandalanu) and "King List B" (containing only the two first dynasties) and "King List C"[1] (containing the first seven kings of the Second Dynasty of Isin). A fourth version was written in Greek by Berossus. The "Babylonian King List of the Hellenistic Age" is a continuation that mentions all the Seleucid kings from Alexander the Great to Demetrius II Nicator.[2]

Middle Bronze Age

Early Amorite city-states

Kings of Larsa

Babylonian Empire (Middle Bronze Age)

First Dynasty of Babylon, (Amorite Dynasty)

Sealand Dynasty (Dynasty II of Babylon)

These rulers did not rule Babylonia itself, but rather the formerly Sumerian regions south of it. Nevertheless, it is often traditionally numbered the Second Dynasty of Babylon, and so is listed here.

Early Kassite Monarchs

This dynasty also did not actually rule Babylon, but their numbering scheme was continued by later Kassite Kings of Babylon, and so they are listed here.

Late Bronze Age

Kassite Dynasty (Third Dynasty of Babylon)

Iron Age

Dynasty IV of Babylon, from Isin

Dynasty V of Babylon

Known as the 2nd Sealand Dynasty, the evidence that this was a Kassite Dynasty is rather tenuous.[3]

Dynasty VI of Babylon

Known as the Bīt-Bazi Dynasty after the region from where this minor Kassite clan drew its ancestry.[4]

Dynasty VII of Babylon

This was an Elamite Dynasty.

Dynasty VIII of Babylon

Dynasty IX of Babylon

Dynasty X of Babylon (Assyrian)

See Neo-Assyrian Empire

Dynasty XI of Babylon (Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean Dynasty)

See Neo-Babylonian Empire

Achaemenid Babylonia

Template:See In 539 BC, Babylon was captured by Cyrus II of Persia. His son was crowned one year later formally as King of Babylonia

Seleucid Babylonia

Template:See Babylon was captured by Alexander III of Macedon in 330 BC. It was captured by the Parthians in 141 BC.

See also

References

  1. Second Dynasty of Isin According to a New King-List Tablet by Arno Poebel, journal Assyriological studies, issue:15, publisher : University of Chicago Press, 1955
  2. http://books.google.com/books?id=OIeiZaIo91IC&printsec=frontcover&cad=0#PPA90,M1
  3. Reallexikon Der Assyriologie Und Vorderasiatischen Archaologie: Meek - Mythologie, author: Bruno Meissner, editor: Dietz Otto Edzard , publisher: Walter De Gruyter, 1999 , p. 8 “The Kassite name of Simbar-Šipak, the Kassite derived theothoric element (dKaššû = “the Kassite (god)”) in the name of the third king, and the tribal affiliation of the second monarch could suggest that this dynasty represented a revival of Kassite power following the native Babylonian rulers of the Second Dynasty of Isin; but the evidence at present must be regarded as tenuous.”
  4. The Cambridge Ancient History (Volume 3, Part 1), chapter: Babylonia, c. 1000 – 748 B.C., author :J. A. Brinkman, editor:John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond, E. Sollberger, publisher: Cambridge University Press, 1982,p. 296–297

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