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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Antakhi (अंताखी) was the Sanskrit equivalent of place called Antioch in ancient Syria. Its ruins lie near the modern city of Antakya, Hatay Province in southern Turkey.




Jat History

Bhim Singh Dahiya[1] writes that Asoka spread the name and religion of India from Antioch and Macedon to Cape Comorin and Ceylon".[2]

It is confirmed by different historical and geographical works, as cited by Maulana Mubarakpuri that Jats had settled in large number in Antioc and coastal town of Syria under the patronage of the pious and Umayyad caliphate (Khilafat-e-Rashidah and Banu Umayyab) [3], [4]

Prof. Abdul Ali[5]tells us that The Jats continued to enjoy all the rights and privileges given to them by Caliph 'Umar in the Umayyad period also as long as they remained neutral in the internal Arab domestic wars. Although earlier they had shown their loyalty to Hadrat Ali, no damage was officially done to them by the early Umayyad rulers, the bitter opponents of the Alids, by defeating whom they had captured power. The only thing done by Amir Mu'awiyah, founder of the Umayyad dynasty was that when he became the ruler; he shifted some of the Jats settled in Basra and got them settled in Antioch in modern Palestine, following which there developed a locality which became known to fame as the Zutt (Jat) locality.[6]

But later, when the Jats fought on the side of 'Abd al-Rahman Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Ash' ath, a scion of a noble Kindi family of Hadramawt and governor of Sijistan, who led a frightful insurrection against al-Hajjaj, the governor of Abdul Malik Bin Marwan, during 700-704 AD, the tables were turned against them. Their participation and active involvement in the revolt against the government proved suicidal for them. That also marked the beginning of their downfall as a strong, prosperous community in the Arab world. As soon as al-Hajjaj subdued the rebellion, he embarked upon punishing the Jats by demolishing their houses, discontinuing their stipends and sending into exile large numbers of their people. He also called them violators of the treaty agreed upon by them to remain neutral in internal Arab dissensions.[7]

The Jats, Vol. 2: End of p.19

Prof. Abdul Ali[8]tells us that when Muhammad Bin Qasim conquered Sind in 711 AD, thousands of Jats were shiploaded by him along with as many buffaloes to Hajjaj Bin Yusuf, who sent them to his caliph Abdul Malik in Syria. Later, they were transported by caliph al-Walid Bin Abdul Malik to Antioch where some Jats had already been rehabilitated. It is also recorded that when al-Walid became the ruler, it was brought to his notice that the path between Antioch and Massisah in Greater Syria was a lion-fested area where lions used to pounce upon humans. On hearing that, the caliph immediately sent there four thousand buffaloes out of the several thousands of them which Muhammad Bin Qasim had earlier shipload to Iraq and Syria. An idea of the large numbers of buffaloes sent from Sind to the Arab lands may be derived from the fact that at Massisah alone they counted about nine thousand. As regards the buffaloes of Antioch, they had been brought there originally by the Jats themselves. In addition to the above, thousands of buffaloes were set free in the jungles of Kaskar- Basra.[9]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[10] ने लेख किया है ...अंताखी (AS, p.4) सिरिया या शाम देश में स्थित ऐंटिओकस नामक स्थान का प्राचीन संस्कृत रूप जिसका उल्लेख महाभारत में है-'अंताखी चैव रोमां च यवनानां पुरं तथा, द्तैरेव वशंचक्रे करं चैनानदापयत्' सभा0 31,72; अर्थात् सहदेव ने अपनी दिग्विजय-यात्रा में अंताखी, रोम और यवनपुर के शासकों को केवल दूत भेज कर ही वश में कर लिया और उन पर कर लगाया। (टि. इस श्लोक का पाठांतर- 'अटवीं च पुरीं रम्यां यवनानां पुरंतथा' है)

In Mahabharata

Antakhi (अन्ताखी) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.28.49),

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 28 mentions Sahadeva's march towards south: kings and tribes defeated. Antakhi (अन्ताखी) is mentioned in Mahabharata verse (II.28.49). [11]...Sahadeva brought under his subjection and exacted tributes from rulers of Antakhi, Roma and Yavanapura cities by sending messengers.

External links


  1. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Porus and the Mauryas,p.138
  2. R C Dutt, A History of Civilization in Ancient India, Vol. II,pp. 36-37
  3. Qazi Athar, pp, 66-67
  4. Zafarul Islam: Qazi Athar Mubarakpuri’s Studies on Jats, The Jats, Vol. II, Ed. Dr Vir Vingh, Delhi, 2006. p. 27
  5. The Jats, Vol. 2: Socio-Political and Military Role of Jats in West Asia as Gleaned from Arabic Sources, p.19
  6. Futuh al-Buldan, Op.cit., p. 221.
  7. Futuh al-Buldan, Op.cit., p. 521.
  8. The Jats, Vol. 2: Socio-Political and Military Role of Jats in West Asia as Gleaned from Arabic Sources, p.20
  9. Futuh al-Buldan, Op.cit., pp.229-30.
  10. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.4-5
  11. अन्ताखीं चैव रॊमां च यवनानां पुरं तदा, दूतैर एव वशे चक्रे करं चैनान अदापयत (II.28.49)