Aral Sea

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Map of area around the Aral Sea

The Aral Sea Tajik/Persian "Daryocha-i Khorazm" (Lake Khwarazm) is a landlocked endorheic basin in Central Asia.

Location

It lies between Kazakhstan in the north and Karakalpakstan, an autonomous region of Uzbekistan, in the south. The name roughly translates as "Sea of Islands", referring to more than 1,500 islands of one hectare or more that dotted its waters.

Jat clans

Origin

In Old Turkic 'aral' means an "island" and also a "thicket".

Formation

Caspian Sea Map

The Aral Sea, like the Caspian Sea and Black Sea, is a remnant of the ancient Paratethys Sea. It became landlocked about 5.5 million years ago due to a fall in sea level and the uplift of the Elburz and Caucasus Mountains. It is generally believed that the Amu Darya did not flow into the shallow depression that now forms the Aral Sea until the beginning of the Holocene, and it is known that the Amu Darya flowed into the Caspian via the Uzboy channel until the Holocene. The Syr Darya formed a large lake in the Kyzyl Kum duirng the Pliocene known as the Mynbulak depression.

External links

References