Araxa

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Author: Laxman Burdak, IFS (R).
Map of Lycia showing significant ancient cities and some major mountains and rivers. Red dots are mountain peaks, white dots are ancient cities.

Araxa (Greek: Ἄραξα) was a city of ancient Lycia in Antalya Province, Turkey, situated on the Xanthus River.

Variants of name

Location

Ptolemy places it near Sidyma. It is located at place called Ören, near Fethiye, on the upper portion of the Xanthus River. An inscription in honour of a local citizen, Orthagoras, provides some details of its history in the 2nd century B.C.[1]

Jat clan

History

Araxa was a city of ancient Lycia, according to Alexander Polyhistor, in the second book of his Lysiaca.[2]

Since it was in the Roman province of Lycia, the bishopric of Araxa was a suffragan of the metropolitan see of Myra, the province's capital. The names of four of its bishops are preserved in extant records. Theotimus was at the First Council of Constantinople in 381, Leontius at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, Theodorus at the Trullan Council in 692, and Stephanus at the Second Council of Nicaea in 787.[3][4]

References

  1. SEG 18.570 - English translation at attalus.org.
  2. Steph. B. s. v. Ἄραξα.
  3. Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris 1740, Vol. I, coll. 973-974
  4. Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 449

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