Arghandab River

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Catchment of Helmand River

Arghandab River is in Afghanistan, about 400 kms in length.

Course

It rises in the Hazarajat country north-west of Ghazni, and flows south-west falls into the Helmand 30 km below Girishk. The valley is cultivated and populous; yet the water is said to be somewhat brackish. It is doubtful whether the ancient Arachotus is to be identified with the Arghandab or with its chief confluent the Tarnak, which joins it on the left out 50 km SW of Kandahar. The Tarnak, which flows south of Kandahar, is much shorter (length about 320 km ) and less copious. The ruins at Ulan Robat, supposed to represent the city Arachosia, are in its basin; and the lake known as Ab-i-Istada, the most probable representative of Lake Arachotus, is near the head of the Tarnak, though not communicating with it. The Tarnak is dammed for irrigation at intervals, and in the hot season almost dries up.[1]

There is a good deal of cultivation along the river, but few villages. The Kabul-Kandahar Highway passes this way (another reason for supposing the Tarnak to be Arachotus), and the people live off the road to avoid the onerous duties of hospitality.[2]

History

Jat clans

References

  1. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arghandab". Encyclopædia Britannica 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 475.
  2. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arghandab". Encyclopædia Britannica 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 475.

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