Sugriva

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Sugriva or Sugrīva (सुग्रीव), also spelled Sugreeva, is a Vanar who was the younger brother of Vali, the ruler of the vanaras.

Jat Gotras from Sugriva

Sogaria (सोगरिया) Sogarwar (सोगरवार) Sogarwal (सोगरवाळ) Sogarwal (सोगरवाल) Sogariya (सोगरिया)

In Mythology

Sugriva was a spiritual son of Surya, the Hindu deity of the sun. Due to a serious misunderstanding with Vali, Sugriva was unjustly thrown out of the vanara kingdom of Kishkinda by his elder brother, and they became bitter enemies.

Sugriva was helped by Rama to destroy Vali. In return, he, along with the vanara army, assisted Rama to find his wife Sita and rescue her from her abductor, the rakshasa emperor Ravana.

Animal depiction of warriors

When Rama besieged Lanka, all his supporters like Kishkindha king Sugriva and his commander Hanuman, Jatayu, Jamvanta etc were Jat warriors. Bhaleram Beniwal has pointed out that these characters have been depicted as monkeys or animals is out of jealousy of the manuvadis and agents of dharma who never wanted to bring the true history of Jats. [1]

The Jat historian Thakur Deshraj has explained about the reasons of animal depiction of people prevalent in India during Ramayana period. During this period all four varnas had come into existence in Aryans. The duties of each varna were defined but they could change varna. Brahmans had come into a dominant position and had full control over kings and the society. Some kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna had become rebellions against the increased influence of Brahmans. In Sarswati ashrama a big organization under the leadership of Parsurama was constituted by Brahmans to penalize such kshatriyas. Brahmans suppressed kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna and deprived these kshatriyas from their status. The Aryans by this time had crossed Vindhyas and moving towards south. Vanars were inhabitants in southwest Vindhyas. Pampa sarovar was their main center. Vanars were not monkeys but either aboriginal inhabitants of that area or people of Aryan groups who had come from Iran via Bombay and reached south of Vindhyas. [2]

Other Jat historians have also treated Hanuman as a Jat warrior of Maan gotra. [3] Some other historians treat Vanar as a gotra of jats found in Haryana in India. Lord Hanuman of Ramayana was a kshatriya of Vanar clan. He was not a monkey as is shown in Ramayana. [4]

References

  1. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 40-41)
  2. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 (Page 15-19)
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 (Page 289)
  4. Jat Samaj: Agra November 1999

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