Rama

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Rama (राम) Rāmachandra or Śrī Rāma (श्रीराम), was a king of ancient Ayodhya whose grand story is portrayed in the epic Ramayana. Suryavanshi Vaivasvat Manu's son was Ikshvaku, king of Ayodhya. Ikshvaku's son was Vikukshi and Vikukshi's son was Purjanya. Purjanya defeated Asuras in Deva-asura war as a result of which he was popular as 'Kakustha'.

Some facts from Ramayana

Sugriva was the king in exile of the state in which Ravana carried Sita away. Rama sought the help of the great Vanaras Sugriva, and the four other monkeys that dwelt on the mountain Rishyamuk. There Sugriva told Rama that he had seen Sita carried away by Ravana and how she had dropped her veil and jewels, and he showed these tokens to Rama and Lakshmana. Rama fared with Sugriva to Vali's city, and overcame Vali and established Sugriva on the throne. Sugriva sent out his marshals to summon the monkey host. They came from Himalaya, Vindhya, Kailash, from east and from west, from far and near, from caves and forests, in hundreds and thousands and millions, and each was captained by a veteran leader. Then Sugriva placed them under the command of Rama. [1]

Rama and Sugriva relied on Hanuman, and gave him his signet ring to show for sign to Sita when he should discover her. A month had passed and Vanaras did not find Sita. But there dwelt a mighty and very aged vulture named Sampati in a neighbouring cave, and he, hearing the name of his brother Jatayu, Sampati answered that he had seen Sita carried away by Ravana and that Ravana dwelt in Lanka, a hundred leagues across sea. [2]

Jat republics of Ramayana period

The marshals Sugriva sent out in search of Sita were all from Jat republics. [3] The republics involved were 1. Videhi 2. Malav 3. Magadh 4. Pudru 5. Dasharna 6. Vidarbha 7. Prishika 8. Vanga 9. Matsya 10. Andhra 11. Vain 12. Chol 13. Pandya 14. Parsen 15. Bhadra 16. Shaka 17. Naga 18. Vahika 19. Daratha 20. Sindhu 21. Kusha 22. Bhoktipur. In addition following Jat republics were also also there namely Panchal, Vrishni, Bhoj, Kshudrak, Taxak, Kaler, Maan, Punia, Aulakh, Bain (Beniwal), which were in Nagavansh sangha. The nagavansha was very powerful at that time. [4]

Connections with Kakrana Jats

From 'Kakustha' started a Jat vansha known as 'Kusth' or Kakvansh. This later changed due to language variations to 'Kakustha', Kāk, Kāktīya, Kakka, Kuk, Kukkur, Kak and Kākarāṇ. In this very clan was born Dashratha's grandfather Raghu who started Raghuvansh. Raghuvanshi Jats are also descendants of him who are also known as 'Raghuvanshi Sikarwar’. During Ramayana period, in Balmiki Ramayana, Deva Samhita, Vishnu Puran, Shiv Puran, Vedas etc there is mention of Jats and their republics at various places. Jatvansha joined his army of Vashishtha Rishi in his support and fought war with Vishvamitra. This was a very severe war in which thousands of Jat soldiers were killed. [5]


Bhaleram Beniwal has produced evidence from ‘Bala Kanda (ekonavish sarga shloka-16, dvavish sarga shloka-6’, dvavish sarga shloka-20, panchvish sarga shloka-15, pratham sarga shloka-56) to prove that Dashratha and his son Rama were ‘kakustha’ and Raghuvanshi Jats. Rama has been addressed by the names Raghunandan, Raghukul, Kakasthkul, and Raghuvanshi. Later Lava, elder son of Rama started Lamba gotra in Jats and Kusha started Kachhavahi or kushavansha whose descendant Brahdala was killed by Abhimanyu, son of Arjuna. Suryavanshi kushavansha Jats ruled Ayodhya from 3100 BC to 500 BC. In the 21st generation of Ikshvaku was born Mandhata who has been written and proved as Gaurvanshi Jat in genealogy of Suryavanshi kings. [6] One of sons of Mandhata was Ambarish. His son was Yuvanashva and his son was Harit, who was a great Rishi. The descendants of this king became Brahman who were known as Gaur Brahmans. [7]

Animal depiction of warriors

When Rama invaded Lanka, many of his supporters like Kishkindha king Sugriva and his commanders like Hanuman, Jatayu, Jamvanta etc were Jat warriors. Bhaleram Beniwal has pointed out that these characters have been depicted as monkeys or animals out of jealousy by the manuvadis, who never wanted to narrate the real history of Jats. [8]

The historian Thakur Deshraj has explained about the reasons of animal depiction of people prevalent in India during Ramayana period. During this period all four varnas had come into existence in Aryans. The duties of each varna were defined but they could change varna. Brahmans had come into a dominant position and had full control over kings and the society. Some kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna had become rebellions against the increased influence of Brahmans. In Sarswati ashrama a big organization under the leadership of Parsurama was constituted by Brahmans to penalize such kshatriyas. Brahmans suppressed kshatriyas like Kartaviryarjuna and deprived these kshatriyas from their status. The Aryans by this time had crossed Vindhyas and moving towards south. Vanars were inhabitants in southwest Vindhyas. Pampa sarovar was their main center. Vanars were not monkeys but either aboriginal inhabitants of that area or people of Aryan groups who had come from Iran via Bombay and reached south of Vindhyas. The term Vanara has been used for the forest dwellers.[9]

Some historians have also treated Hanuman as a Jat warrior of Maan gotra. [10] Some other historians treat Vanar as a gotra of jats found in Haryana in India. Lord Hanuman of Ramayana was a kshatriya of Vanar clan. He was not a monkey as is depicted in Ramayana. [11]

References

  1. Sister Nivedita & Ananda K.Coomaraswamy: Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Bhuddhists, Kolkata, 2001 ISBN 81-7505-197-3
  2. Sister Nivedita & Ananda K.Coomaraswamy: Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Bhuddhists, Kolkata, 2001 ISBN 81-7505-197-3
  3. Balmiki Ramayana sarga 40-43
  4. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 38)
  5. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 38)
  6. Vishnu Puran part IV Chapter 2-3
  7. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 39-40)
  8. Bhaleram Beniwal: Jāt Yodhaon ke Balidān, Jaypal Agencies, Agra 2005 (Page 40-41)
  9. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 (Page 15-19)
  10. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 (Page 289)
  11. Jat Samaj: Agra November 1999

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