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Thucydides (थूसीडाईड्स; c. 460 – c. 395 BC) was an Athenian historian, political philosopher and general. His History of the Peloponnesian War recounts the 5th century BC war between Sparta and Athens to the year 411 BC. Thucydides has been dubbed the father of "scientific history" because of his strict standards of evidence-gathering and analysis in terms of cause and effect without reference to intervention by the gods, as outlined in his introduction to his work.

Thucydides identifies himself as an Athenian, telling us that his father's name was Olorus and that he was from the Athenian deme of Halimous.[1] He survived the Plague of Athens[2] that killed Pericles and many other Athenians. He also records that he owned gold mines at Scapte Hyle (literally: "Dug Woodland"), a coastal area in Thrace, opposite the island of Thasos.[3]

Because of his influence in the Thracian region, Thucydides wrote, he was sent as a strategos (general) to Thasos in 424 BC. During the winter of 424–423 BC, the Spartan general Brasidas attacked Amphipolis, a half-day's sail west from Thasos on the Thracian coast, instigating the Battle of Amphipolis.

Herodotus wrote that Thucydides's father's name, Όloros, was connected with Thrace and Thracian royalty.[4] Thucydides was probably connected through family to the Athenian statesman and general Miltiades, and his son Cimon, leaders of the old aristocracy supplanted by the Radical Democrats. Cimon's maternal grandfather's name was also Olorus, making the connection exceedingly likely. Another Thucydides lived before the historian and was also linked with Thrace, making a family connection between them very likely as well. Finally, Herodotus confirms the connection of Thucydides's family with the mines at Scapté Hýlē.[5]

Jat History

थूसीडाईड्स (Thucydides) - यह यूनान का एक महान् इतिहासकार था जो कि छठी शताब्दी ई० पू० में हुआ है। इसने सीथियन जाटों को सब जातियों से अधिक शक्तिशाली कहा है।[6]

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  1. Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War,4.104
  2. Thucydides 2.48.1–3
  3. Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War,4.105.1
  4. Thucydides 6.39.1
  5. Herodotus, Histories 6.46.1
  6. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV, p.320