Introduction to Haryanavi Language

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Haryanavi(हरियाणवी, हरयाणवी) is the northernmost dialect of the Hindi language. It is also called a part of Khadi Boli (खड़ी बोली) or Jaatu(जाटु). It is most widely spoken in the North Indian State of Haryana, and in Delhi also, generally by rural people and particularly by the Jats.

Significance of Haryanavi Language

Haryanvi language has been acclaimed as one of the most significant as one amongest regional language that have their basic origin at Indian land. As per the survey taken by SIL in the year 1994 13,000,000 of Harayana population speaks Haraynavi which comprises 85% of total population. Haryanavi belongs to Indo Aryan family.Haryanavi language has an interesting development. It has been bestowed upon the status of second language, which has achieved 55% of literacy rate over two years.

Geographical Distribution

Hariyanavi is spoken in almost 50% of the districts of Haryana. The districts adjoining Rajasthan speak different Rajasthani languages like Mewati in Mewat district, Ahirwati in Mahendragarh and Rewari districts, Bagri in Bhiwani, Sirsa and Hisar districts and Braj bhasha in Faridabad district and Gurgaon. The rest of the districts speak Haryanvi with the exception of Fatehabad and where the effect of Punjabi if predominant.Bangru is spoken in Jind District.Most famous of Haryanavi dialect Desari or Deshwali and 'Khaddar are spoken in Sonipat and Rohtak Districts.

It is to be noted that there is a big population of Haryanavi language speakers in Pakistan. Jat of Pakistan have maintained their authencity of Harayanvi lineage over the years. They proudly speak Haryanavi.

Dialects

Haryanvi has various dialects. Bangaru(बांगरू), also known as Jaatu (literally, language of Jats), is most widely spoken followed by the Haryanvi spoken in the Khāddar areas close to Yamuna, which is akin to Khariboli and is spoken by Rors. Haryanvi belongs to the Western Hindi family of languages. It is usually understood to be a dialect of Hindi and not a separate language; it has many similarities with Khariboli, the prestige dialect of Hindi.

Literature

The Haryanvi literature is almost insignificant, since most Haryanvi literary figures write in Standard Hindi, but there are a lot of folk songs available.

Haryanvi has a very rich culture in terms of folk songs that are called Raginis and folk dramas, known by the name of Swaang. Haryanvi dialects have lots of variation and sometimes it varies from village to village which may be just a few kilometers apart. It is a very humorous tongue and the people of Haryana usually joke a lot and get misunderstood by people from other parts of India in this process. Surender Sharma is a very famous satirist, who initially told all his jokes in pure Haryanvi and most of his jokes have their origin in the rural culture of Haryana.

History and Origin

Haryanvi language was the original language of Aryans who arrived in India 1500 BC. As Aryans settled in North Indian region of Haryana therefore Haryanvi language preserved in most part of Haryana and Rajasthan. Aryans intermingled with the local populace, and assimilated themselves into the social framework. They developed Sanskrit language with the collaboration of local communities. Haryanvi language provided the basic foundation to Sanskrit. Subsequently, Turkish and Persian intruder came to India they developed modern Hindi language with combination of Persian on the foundation of Haryana language. Haryanvi language provided foundation to many Indian languages. However, Haryanvi language sustains itself with less influence of the languages of foreign arrivals. The origin of Haryanvi language might be Finland which came to India through Aryans. Many deep rooted words are still similar in Haryanvi and Finnish language like Panna (to wear) Pallela (Cold) Olla (to be), Minu (to me) Tinu (to you) Me (We) Te (you) etc.

Similarity between Haryanvi and Finnish language shows some old relationship between these two languages. However, there is no evidence of any historical link between India and Finland since thousands of year except the arrival of Aryans.


References

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