Kishkindha (also known as Kishkindhya), was the kingdom of the Vanara King Sugriva, the younger brother of Vali, in the Ramayana. This was the kingdom where he ruled with the assistance of his minister, Hanuman.
This kingdom is identified to be the regions around the Tungabhadra lake (then known as Pampa Saras) near Hampi in Karnataka. The mountain near to the lake with the name Risyamuka where Sugriva lived with Hanuman, during the period of his exile also is found with the same name.
During the time of Ramayana ie, Treta Yuga, the whole region was within the dense forest called Dandaka Forest extending from Vindhya range to the South Indian peninsula. Hence this kingdom was considered to be the kingdom of Vanaras which in Sanskrit means Forest Dwellers. During Dwapara Yuga, the Pandava Sahadeva was said to visit this kingdom, as per the epic Mahabharata, during his southern military campaign to collect tribute for Yudhisthira's Rajasuya sacrifice.
Content from Kishkindha Kanda
- Here are the Kishkindhakanda Sargas (Chapters) of Ramayana which indicate presence of many Jat republics during Ramayana period.
Kishkindha Kanda Sargah (Chapters)
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 1 • Sri Rama at Pampa Lake lamenting for Seetha
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 40 • Sugreeva orders Eastside search
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 41 • Sugreeva sends Vanara-s to Southward
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 42 • Sugreeva sends troops to west side
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 43 • Sugreeva sends troops to north
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 46 • Sugreeva's knowledge of physical world
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 47 • Search for Sita failed in east, north, and west
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 56 • Sampati hears of Jatayu's death
- Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 57 • Angada informs their plight to Sampati
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