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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Aksha (460 BC-400 BC) (अक्ष) was king of Kashmir.[1] Aksha (अक्ष) was one of the combatants who attended the Ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Akshas also considered as descendants of rishi Agastya.

Mention by Panini

Aksha (अक्ष) is a term mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [2]


Rajatarangini[3] tells us that Nara II was succeeded by his son Aksha who also reigned for sixty years. He built a holy place called after his name Akshavala.

Jat Gotras from Aksha

Agi (अगि) gotra of Jats started from a Jat named Aksha (अक्ष). [4]

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata Shalya Parva mentions names of combatants armed with diverse weapons and clad in diverse kinds of robes and ornaments, All of them came to the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Shalya Parva in Sanskrit mentions in shloka 53, 54 Aksha along with Kanchaps, Kundus, and Jat as under:

द्रॊण शरवाः कपिस्कन्धः काञ्चनाक्षॊ जलं धमः
अक्षसंतर्जनॊ राजन कुनदीकस तमॊ ऽभरकृत ।। 53 ।।
एकाक्षॊ द्वादशाक्षश च तदैवैक जटः परभुः
सहस्रबाहुर विकटॊ वयाघ्राक्षः कषितिकम्पनः ।। 54 ।।

In Ramayana

In Ramayana when Hanuman burns Lanka, we find mention of prince Aksha:

"Then a host of heroic rakshasas, led by Prince Aksha, proceeded against Hanuman and met their death".[5]


  1. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/List of Kings,p.xx
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 149, 162, 246, 252
  3. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I,p.22
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 220
  5. Myths and Legends of the Hindus & Buddhists, page 71

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