Banda

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Banda (बांदा) is a city and district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India.

Variants

  • Bhurendi (भूरेन्दी) = दे. Banda बांदा (AS, p.673)

Location

Banda lies south of the Yamuna river in the Bundelkhand region. It is the administrative headquarters of Banda District. The town is well connected to major cities with railways and state highways. The town is near the right bank of the river Ken, 95 km south-west of Allahabad. It is Located at Latitude-25.4, Longitude-80.3. Banda District is sharing border with Fatehpur District to the North.

Tahsils in Banda district

Villages in Banda district

List Of Villages in Baberu:

Achhah, Adhawan, Ahar, Alampur, Aliha, Anausa, Anvan, Armar, Augasi, Baberu Dehat, Bada Gaon, Badaulee, Bagehta, Baghela, Bakal, Baroolee Azam, Bhabhuwa, Byona, Devratha, Dhan Saul, Gujenee, Hardaulee, Jalalpur , Kalana, Karahulee Maphi, Kayal, Kuchendo, Majheevan, Majhila, Mantha, Marka, Milathu, Miya Baroulee, Murwal, Nelathu, Nibhaura, Padaree, Palhree, Para Bannu Begam, Para Bihari, Paras , Patvan, Pindaran, Pista, Poon, Ragolee , Rayan, Samgara, Samsuddeenpur, Sanda, Santar, Shiv, Simaunee, Tharthuwa, Tola Kajee, Tola Kalan, Umarahanee,

List Of Villages in Badokhar Khurd:

Achharaund, Arbai, Bandha Purwa, Bargahani, Barokhar Khurd, Basahari, Bharkhari, Bhawani Purwa, Bhurendi, Chahitara, Chakchatgan, Chamraha, Chhanehara Lalpur, Chheharao, Chilli, Dingwahi, Durendi, Etawan, Fatpurwa, Ganchha, Goyara Mugali, Gureh, Hateti Purwa, Hathaura, Jamalpur, Jari, Jaurahi, Kanwara, Karahiya, Karbai, Katrawal, Khairada, Kul Kumhari, Kurauli, Lama, Luktara, Mahokhar, Marauli, Mataundh(gramin), Maudaha, Mawai Buzurg, Mohan Purwa, Pachanehi, Pachulla, Palhari, Pandui, Pathari, Saimara, Tindwara, Treveni, Ujrehta, Vilbai ,

List Of Localities in Banda:

Aliganj, Balkhandi Naka, Banda, Bangalipura, Bhuragarh, Chaudhari Nagar, Chhoti Bazar, Civil Lines, Gularnaka, Indira Nagar, Jyothinagar, Kalu Kuwana, Katra Banda, Kyotara, Palhari, Sarvodaya Nagar, Shastri Nagar,


List Of Villages in Bisanda:

Akona, Amlohra, Amwan, Bachhaundha, Bagha, Ballan, Beldan, Bhadawal, Bhadehdu, Bil Gavan, Bisanda (rural), Bisandee, Chandrayal, Chaunsarh, Dabhani, Daftara, Etavan, Gadaon, Ghoori, Itara Malauli, Jarohra , Kairee, Konee, Korra Khurd, Korrahee, Korram, Kullu Khera, Kusama, Lamehta, Lauli Teaka Mau, Majhiva Sani, Maraulee, Nandan Mau, Oran (rural), Para , Pavaiya , Pawai, Phaphaundi, Pindkhar, Punahur, Ranipur, Sathi, Shahpur Sani, Shingh Pur, Siklodhi, Tendura, Utarwan,


List Of Villages in Jaspura:

Adari, Amara, Badagaon, Barehta, Chandwara, Dandamau, Gadariya, Galauli, Gauri Kalan, Gauri Khurd, Gazipur, Ichhawar, Jaspura, Jhanjhari, Kana Khera, Khaptiha Khurd, Lasada, Madauli Kalan, Mahabara, Nada Deo, Narauli, Narayarh, Narjita, Paderi, Padohara, Piparodar, Rampur, Sabada, Sikahula, Sindhan Kalan,


List Of Villages in Kamasin:

Amedhee, Amlokhar, Andaura, Andoulee, Aoudaha, Arvaree, Bachhaundha Sanee, Bantharee , Bena Mau, Bhantee, Bhitee, Birravan, Budhoulee, Chakrehee, Charaka, Chhilolar , Dhundhui, Inguva, Itarra Badhounee , Jamoo, Joraurpur, Kamasin, Khamarkha, Kharaulee, Khatan, Khera, Korra Bujurg, Kuchouli, Kumheda Sanee, Lakhanpur, Lakheepur, Lohara, Mamsee Khurd, Matehana, Mau, Mavai, Mudvara, Museevan, Narayanpur, Pachhauhan, Palee, Pannaha, Parsaulee, Raghoupur, Sanda Sanee, Satnyava, Sikaree Lakhanpur, Sonahula, Taranwa, Tilousa, Veera, Vinwat,


List Of Villages in Mahuva:

Adharori, Aela, Ajit Para, Ajunah, Anathuwa, Bachai, Badeha Seondha, Baheri, Bandey, Banshi, Baraimanpur, Barokhar Buzurg, Barsanda Khurd, Baruwa Seodha, Bhawayee, Bil Gaon, Chhibaon, Deorar, Durai Mafi, Durgapur, Ghuraunda, Girwan, Gokhia, Gumai, Hadaha, Hastam, Husenpur Kalan, Itara Khurd, Jakhni, Jamrehi, Jarar, Kabauli, Kazipur Girwan, Khamhaura, Khanpur, Kharaunch, Khurhand, Kolawal Raipur, Madhopur, Mahuwa, Makari, Malehra Niwada, Manipur, Masuri, Mau Girwan, Motiyari, Mungaura, Murwan, Nagnedhi, Nai, Nandna, Nandwara, Nauhai, Pachokhar, Pahadpur, Paigamberpur, Pangara, Pataura, Pithaurabad, Prempur, Rahusat, Riga , Risaura, Sahewa, Sarswaha, Sauta Syodha, Shivhad, Syeondha, Tarkhari, Tera Girwan, List Of Villages in Naraini:

Aau, Atarra (rural), Badousa, Baghela Wari, Bahadurpur Kalinzar, Barachha, Barchha Dodiya, Barehenda, Barkola Kalan, Barsanda Manpur, Barua Kalinjar, Bhusasi, Bilharka, Birauna, Chandour, Chandpura, Chhataini, Dadhwa Manpur, Dikhit Wara , Dubariya, Gadha, Gopara, Gore Mau Kalan, Gudha Kalan, Hadaha Mafi, Jabarapur, Jamawara, Kalyanpur, Kanaya, Karatal, Katara Kalinjar, Khalari, Kheriya, Koorahu, Kulsari, Lahureta, Ludhoura, Mahotara, Mahuta, Masauni Bharatpur, Mudi, Mukera, Nagwara, Nahari, Naraini, Naseni, Naugawan, Nedhuwa, Nibi, Oraha, Padamai, Palharei, Panchampur B, Parasahar, Pathara, Pipara, Piparhari, Piyar, Pongari, Pouhar, Pukari, Purainiya, Ragauli Bhatpura, Ram Nagar Nisf, Ranipur, Raxi, Rehunchi, Sadha, Sangrampur, Semariya Kushal, Shah Patan, Singhauti, Tarahati Kalinzar, Tarsuma, Tera(b), Thanair, Turra, Udaipur,


List Of Villages in Tindwari:

Alona, Amli Kaur, Amlor, Arsaunda, Atarahat, Bambiya, Barethi Kalan, Benda, Bhindaura, Bhujrakh, Bichhawahi, Chhapar, Chhirahuta, Chilla, Dhausan, Dighwat, Gajani, Garauti, Godhani, Gokhrahi, Gugauli, Jasaipur, Jauharpur, Khairei, Khaptiha Kalan, Khaunda, Laumar, Lohari, Macha, Mahedu, Mahui, Mirgahani, Mungus, Nari, Niwaich, Padarathpur, Pailani, Palara, Paparenda, Parsaunda, Piparahari, Pipargawan, Rahuta, Sadi Madanpur, Saimari, Sandi, Sindhauli, Singhpur, Tara, Terahi Mafi, Tindwari, Wasilpur ,

Places of interest

Kalinjar Fort: The most famous place to visit from the city is ancient Kalinjer Fort which is located south of Banda and is mentioned in the Mahabharata.

Temple at Khatri Pahar: There is a temple on the top of the hill called Khatri Pahar at Shydha, which is located approximately 24 km from the city. The temple is dedicated to goddess Angleshwari.[1]

Bhuragarh Fort: Across the river Ken there are ruins of Bhuragarh Fort, said to be built with brown stones by Raja Guman Singh in the 17th century. This place was important during the freedom struggle. A mela is organised in this place called ‘Natbali Ka Mela’. Bhuragrah Fort is situated at the bank of the Ken river. Seeing the sunset from the fort is a beautiful experience. The historical importance of Bhuragarh Fort is related to Bundela reign and Hridaya Shah and Jagat Rai, sons of Maharaja Chattrasal. Kirat Singh, son of Jagat Rai, repaired Bhuragarh Fort in 1746 A.D. None Arjun Singh was the caretaker of the fort. In 1787 A.D., Nawab Ali Bahudur I started looking after the Banda domain. He fought a war against None Arjun Singh in 1792 A.D. Then it came under the Nawab's rule for some time but Rajaram Dauwa and Laxman Dauwa won it again from the Nawabs. After the death of None Arjun Singh, Nawab Ali Bahudar took the control of Bhuragarh Fort. The Nawab died in 1802 A.D. and Gaurihar Maharaj took the administration after him. The Great Freedom Struggle against the British Empire started on 14 June 1857. It was led by Nawab Ali Bahadur II in Banda. This struggle was much fiercer than expected and revolutionaries from Allahbad, Kanpur and Bihar joined the Nawab in fighting the British. On 15 June 1857, revolutionaries killed Joint Magistrate Cockrail. On 16 April 1858, Whitluck arrived in Banda and fought against the revolutionary army of Banda. About 3000 revolutionaries were killed in the fort during this war. Nuts (one who performs acrobatic feats) from Sarbai sacrificed their lives in this war. Their graves are found inside the fort. Graves of many revolutionaries are found around the fort.

Bamdeveshwar temple: The temple is said to derive its name from Bamdeo Rishi, a sage mentioned in Hindu mythology as a contemporary of Lord Rama. Bamdeo is said to have had his hermitage at the foot of a hill. There is one big and oldest Shivling is situated in the temple in the kho of Bambeshar Pahar.

Maheshwari Devi Temple: This temple is situated at the middle place of the Banda city. There are many murtis of Devis and Devatas in the temple.

Nawab Tank: Nawab tank, which was built to fulfill the water needs in Banda, is situated about 3 km south of Banda. This tank was built by the Nawab of Banda, and therefore it is known as the Nawab Tank.

History

This is the easternmost district of Bundelkhand. The division of the district into two has been done by splitting Banda district , tahsil and block-wise. Karwi and Mau Tahsils lying in the eastern and South-eastern direction comprising the Manikpur, Mau, Pahadi, Chitrakut and Ramnagar blocks from the present Chitrakut district.

Shamsher Bahadur I (Krishna Rao) was a Maratha ruler of the dominion of Banda. He was the son of Bajirao I and Mastani.[2][3][4] He was bestowed upon a portion of his father’s dominion of Banda and Kalpi. In 1761, he and his army contingent were involved (fought alongside the Peshwa) in the Third Battle of Panipat between the Marathas and Afghans. He was wounded in that battle and died a few days later at Deeg.[5] Shamsher’s successor Ali Bahadur (Krishna Singh) established his authority over large parts of Bundelkhand and became the Nawab of Banda. The descendants of Shamsher Bahadur continued their allegiance towards the Maratha polity and his grandson, Shamsher Bahadur II, fought the English in the Anglo-Maratha War of 1803.[6]

Banda participated in the Indian Freedom Struggle under the leadership of Bundelkhand Kesri Dewan Shatrughan Singh & Rani Rajendra Kumari.

बांदा

बांदा भारत के उत्तर प्रदेश में केन नदी ( यमुना की सहायता नदी) के पास स्थित हैं। यह रेल लाइन और सड़क जंक्शन पर स्थित एक कृषि बाज़ार है। पहले बांदा शहर व्यापार के प्रमुख केंद्रों में से एक था, लेकिन अब यहाँ व्यापार घटता जा रहा है। ऐतिहासिक दृष्टि से यह स्थान काफ़ी महत्वपूर्ण माना जाता है। बांदा फ़तेहपुर ज़िले के उत्तर, चित्रकूट ज़िले के पूर्व, हमीरपुर और महोबा ज़िले के पश्चिम, सतना के दक्षिण और मध्य प्रदेश के पन्ना ज़िले से घिरा हुआ है। इस ज़िले का नाम तपस्वी 'बामदेव' के नाम पर रखा गया है।[7]

इतिहास:बांदा का प्राचीन नाम भूरेन्दी था. भूरागढ़ का किला राजा गुमान सिंह ने 1746 ई. में बनवाया था. यहाँ का प्राचीनतम मंदिर भूमीश्वरी देवी का है. बांदा में अनेक हिंदु और जैन मंदिर हैं.[8]

प्रसिद्धि बांदा केन नदी के तल से प्राप्त गोमेद रत्नों के लिए प्रसिद्ध है, जिनका यहाँ से बड़ी मात्रा में निर्यात किया जाता है। यहाँ विभिन्न मस्जिदें ओर हिन्दू मंदिर हैं। शहर के बाहर 18वीं शताब्दी के क़िले कालिंजर के अवशेष हैं। मुस्लिमों, मराठों, फ़्राँसीसियों और अंग्रेज़ों के बीच चले संघर्षों के दौरान इस शहर व क़िले का शासन बदलता रहा। [9]

देखने योग्य स्थान :

  • कालिंजर क़िला
  • नीलकंठ मंदिर
  • चार पत्थरों का स्तम्भ
  • रानीपुर वन्य अभ्यारण्य
  • बुंदेलखंड छत्रसाल संग्रहालय
  • भैरों की झरिया
  • खत्री पहर
  • नवाब टैंक
  • भूरागढ़
  • महेश्‍वरी देवी मंदिर

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. http://banda.nic.in/khat.htm
  2. Bhawan Singh Rana (1 January 2005). Rani of Jhansi. Diamond. pp. 22–23. ISBN 978-81-288-0875-3.
  3. Chidambaram S. Srinivasachari (dewan bahadur) (1951). The Inwardness of British Annexations in India. University of Madras. p. 219.
  4. Rosemary Crill; Kapil Jariwala (2010). The Indian Portrat, 1560–1860. Mapin Publishing Pvt Ltd. p. 162. ISBN 978-81-89995-37-9.
  5. Henry Dodwell (1958). The Cambridge History of India: Turks and Afghans. CUP Archive. pp. 407–. GGKEY:96PECZLGTT6.
  6. Jadunath Sarkar (1 January 1992). Fall of the Mughal Empire: 1789–1803. Sangam. pp. 11–. ISBN 978-0-86131-749-3.
  7. भारतकोश-बांदा
  8. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.616
  9. भारतकोश-बांदा