Panipat

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Map of Panipat District

Panipat (Hindi:पानीपत) is an ancient and historic city in Panipat District, Haryana state, India. It is 90 km from Delhi on NH-1 and comes under the National Capital Territory of Delhi. Three battles fought at the city were turning points in Indian history. Panipat is situated on the banks of the river Yamuna, and here the three historical battles of Panipat were fought. This district is bordered by Karnal, Sonipat, Jind and Kaithal and the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Tahsils in Panipat district

  • Panipat

Villages in Panipat tahsil

(This list consists of villages falling under Panipat tehsil, and not district Panipat as a whole). Adiyana, Ahmadpur Majra, Asan Kalan, Asankhurd (CT), Azizullapur, Babail, Babarpur, Badauli, Baholi, Bal Jattan, Barana, Begumpur Bapnot, Bhadaur, Bhainswal, Bhalsi, Binjhol, Brahman Majra, Bursham, Chandoli, Dadlana, Dahar, Dharamgarh, Diwana, Faridpur, Ganjbar, Garh Sanrai, Hartari, Jatol, Joshi, Kabri, Kabul Bagh, Kachrauli, Kalkha, Khandra, Kheri Nangal, Khotpura, Khukhrana, Kotani, Luhari, Madlauda, Mahayudinpur Thirana, Mahmadpur, Mahrana, Milk Ugra Kheri, Nara, Nauhra, Nimbri, Nizampur, Pahladpur Khalila, Palheri, Panipat (M Cl), Panipat Taraf Afghan, Panipat Taraf Ansar(CT), Panipat Taraf Makhdum Zadgan (CT), Panipat Taraf Rajputan (CT), Puthar(पुठऱ), Qawi, Rair Kalan, Raja Kheri, Ratipur, Razapur, Risalu, Sarai Bachhra, Sewah, Sewah Kheri, Sherah, Shohdapur, Sikanderpur, Simla Molana, Sithana, Sondhapur, Sutana, Ugrakheri, Untiliya, Waisar, Waisari,

History

V. S. Agrawala[1] writes that Panini mentions in category of villages ending prastha. In Pali text Prastha denotes a place outside the grama, a waste land not used by men either for ploughing or sowing. It may be noted that places ending with the Prastha (Hindi=pat) are confined mostly to Kuru Country, such as Panipat, Sonipat, Baghpat, Tilpat etc. and to the region of Himalayas watered by Ganges.


Panipat was one of the five cities (prasthas) founded by the Pandava brothers during the times of the Mahabharata; its historic name being Panduprastha. Panipat was the scene of three pivotal battles in Indian history.

The first battle of Panipat, fought in AD 1526 in which invader Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, the Sultan of Delhi, on April 26.

In the second battle of Panipat, on November 5, 1556, Akbar's guardian Bairam Khan defeated the Hindu ruler Hemu.

Ahmad Shah Abdali, the Afghan ruler defeated the Marathas in the third battle of Panipat that took place on 13 January, 1761.

Today Panipat is an industrial town and is known for its handloom products. The district headquarter is situated in Panipat town. Other smaller towns are Samalkha, Israna and Naultha. The total area of Panipat district is 1,754 sq km and its population is 8,33,000.

Ibrahim Lodi’s tomb: This king who was defeated by Babur in 1526 in the first battle of Panipat, lies buried here within a tomb. His grave is a simple affair; just a rectangular block on a high platform approached by a flight of steps made of lakhori bricks. The tomb was renovated by the British in 1866.

In Mahabharata

It was one of five villages demanded by Pandavas. Mahabharata tells that When Pandavas were defeated in chausar they were forced to leave the state for 13 years. During most of this time, they lived at place called Varnavata (modern Bairat) in Jaipur district in Rajasthan. Having lived there for pretty long time, the Pandawas sent a message to the Kauravas that they won't lay their claim to the throne if they were given just five villages. These 5 villages were :

  1. Indraprastha (इन्द्रप्रस्थ) (Purana Qila) - Delhi
  2. Panaprastha (पणप्रस्थ) (Panipat) - Haryana
  3. Sonaprastha (सोणप्रस्थ) (Sonipat) - Haryana
  4. Tilaprastha (तिलप्रस्थ) (Tilpat) - Haryana
  5. Vyaghraprastha (व्याग्रप्रस्थ) (Bagpat) - Uttar Pradesh

If you study the population of people who lived in all these areas mentioned in Mahabharata it is found to be the homeland of Jats.

Jat Gotras in Panipat

Beniwal, Bhoria, Deshwal,Dhanda, Dhonchak, Gangas, Ghalyan/Gahlain/Gahlan, Gulia, Jaglan, Kadiyan, Malik, Nandal, Pawwar, Poras, Rathi,

Notable persons

  • Smt Manju Kadian - Elected as Parshad of Ward No.14 Panipat.[2]
  • Shri Sanjiv Dahiya - Elected as Parshad of Ward No.18 Panipat.[3]
  • Ch Pravesh Nain - Elected as Parshad of Ward No.22 Panipat.[4]

Photo Gallery

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.67
  2. Jat Jyoti:September 2013,p. 7
  3. Jat Jyoti:September 2013,p. 7
  4. Jat Jyoti:September 2013,p. 7



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