Bheda

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Bheda (भेडा़) Bhera (भेडा़) Bhera (भेडा़) Bhaira(भैडा़) Bheda (भेदा)[1] [2] is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. They are found in Jind district in Haryana and Sangrur area in Panjab. [3],[4] They are branch of Gathwala Malik.

History

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[5] writes that Jakhar is derived from Yaksha. This tribe Jakhar claim Jakha or Jakhu, known as Yaksha or Yakshu in Sanskrit, to be their most ancient eponymous progenitor. [6][7] Hukum Singh Panwar further writes that Yakshas were one of the tribes who fought the last battle of Dasrajna War (the battle of ten kings) under the leadership of Dasa Raja named Bheda against Bharatas tribes on the banks of Yamuna. The other tribes were Ajas, Sigrus, Alinas, Pakthas, Bhalana, Sivas, and Visanin. [8] [9] M.L. Bhargava writes that after the defeat on the Yamuna River they migrated to the Oxus (Geek name) valley and gave the name to valley as Jaksha or Jaaksha. He opines that Budakhsis and their city Badakshan are known after the combined name of Bheda, the leader of the Yakshas and that of the latter, Bheda is also a Jat clan. [10][11]

The Mahabharata Book 9: section 45 - Shalya Parva Kisari Mohan Ganguli, tr. 1883-1896 mentions the names of the large bands of the mothers, those slayers of foes, that became the companions of Kumara (Kartikeya). The names of those illustrious mothers includes that of Bhedi also. The Mahabharata Book 9: section 45 - Shalya Parva Kisari Mohan Ganguli, tr. 1883-1896 shloka 13 gives details as under:

धनथा सुप्रसाथा च भवथा च जलेश्वरी
एडी भेडी सुमेडी च वेताल जननी तदा
कण्डूतिः कालिका चैव थेव मित्रा च भारत ।। 13 ।।


Bhedaghat is a place of tourist importance near Jabalpur city in Madhya Pradesh on the banks of River Narmada. The banks of river Narmada is described as the birth place of Yaksha king Kuvera (Vaisravana), where his father Visravas, who was a sage, lived (MBh 3,89). King Vaisravana or Kubera was the ruler of Lanka Kingdom which was guarded by hosts of Rakshasas. It is a matter of deep research to find the relation between Bheda clan of jats and the Bedaghat on the banks of Jabalpur.

Villages founded by Bhera clan

Bheda in Rigveda

Bhim Singh Dahiya has mentionedabout Rigvedic tribe - Bheda, Aryan tribe mentioned in Rigveda, (RV Vll/18/18-19): This is the tribe mentioned in the famous battle of 10 kings fought on the river Yamuna. He was killed because he refused to give cows to Indra [12]. This tribe is to be identified with Bheda clan of the Jats still living on the river Yamuna in district Karnal. The Hymns 18-19 from Mandala 7 is quoted as under:

शश्वन्तो हि शत्रवो रारधुष टे भेदस्य चिच्छर्धतो विन्द रन्धिम |
मर्तानेन सतुवतो यः कर्णोति तिग्मं तस्मिन नि जहि वज्रमिन्द्र ||
आवदिन्द्रं यमुना तर्त्सवश्च परात्र भेदं सर्वतातामुषायत |
अजासश्च शिग्रवो यक्षवश्च बलिं शीर्षाणि जभ्रुरश्व्यानि || (RV Vll/18/18-19)[9]
śaśvanto hi śatravo rāradhuṣ ṭe bhedasya cicchardhato vinda randhim |
martānena stuvato yaḥ kṛṇoti tighmaṃ tasmin ni jahi vajramindra ||
āvadindraṃ yamunā tṛtsavaśca prātra bhedaṃ sarvatātāmuṣāyat |
ajāsaśca śighravo yakṣavaśca baliṃ śīrṣāṇi jabhruraśvyāni ||

Meaning:The Rig Veda/Mandala 7/Hymn 18

To thee have all thine enemies submitted: e'en the fierce Bheda hast thou made thy subject.
Cast down thy sharpened thunderbolt, O Indra, on him who harms the men who sing thy praises.

Meaning:The Rig Veda/Mandala 7/Hymn 19

Yamuna and the Trtsus aided Indra. There he stripped Bheda bare of all his treasures.
The Ajas and the Sigrus and the Yaksus brought in to him as tribute heads of horses.

Bheda Devi

Dr. Raghu Nath Singh of Benaras, who has translated Jonraja's Rajatarangini into English, maintains, there were originally about three hundred Hindu tirthas in Kashmir, which were considered important and had each a special significance of its own for the devotees. Kalhana makes a specific mention of tirthas like Kapteshwara, Jwala Mukhi, Chakreshwara, Martanda, Sarda and some others. M. Arel Stein, who visited the religious shrines mentioned in Kalhana's Raj Tarangini, says that the tirtha of 'Gangod Bheda' was not visited by the Brahamanas of the valley of Kashmir because by that time it had gone into oblivion, having fallen into a state of neglect over a period of time. He observes: High up in the valley of the Birnai Stream which debounches at Darbagam from the south west, is the site of an ancient tirtha, which though not completely forgotten, must have ranked once among the most popular in Kashmir. In Kalhana's introduction there is named along with 'Trisandheya' Suyambhoo. Sarda and other famous sites, the Hill of Bheda (Bheda Giti) sanctified by the 'Gangod-bheda' spring. There the Goddess Saraswati was believed to have shown herself as a swan in a lake situated on the summit of the hill. (See Rajtarangini by Kalhana, p. 472) It is worth mentioning here that the road to Bheda Devi runs through the Pargana named Shakoora in the old records. The stream called Vaitarini-nad (now called Birnai) flows through Shakoora. The Bheda Devi tirtha is situated in an open vale surrounded by large mountains having devdar and fur trees on their tops, From a place nearby the road leads to Rajouri and Poonch. The village Kelar, whence we took the road leading to Bheda Devi tirtha, is the Kalyanpura grama which was founded by Kalyani Devi, a queen of Tayapeeda. Drabhagom is mentioned by the historian Sheevara as Drabhgrama. It is a big village that is still famous. [13]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Only 1 Bheda family in Bisokhar vilage, Modinagar in Ghaziabad District "Ch. Rajbir Singh, S/O Ch Tejpal Singh"

Villages in Baghpat district

Katha,

Distribution Rajasthan

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Dhani Bhera Ki North, Dhani Bhera Ki South, Pratappura, Bhaira Ki Dhani,

Villages in Sikar district

Sikar

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Hoshiarpur district

See also

Benra - Village in Sangrur and Gotra

Notable Persons

  • Late Choudhary Charan Singh - Village Katha, District Baghpat (Uttar Pradesh). Ch. Charan Singh Ji was Social and political activist and born in Hindu Jat Farmer Family on 25 February 1925 & died on 15 September 2016. 1961 to 1974, he was director of Baghpat Sugar Mill Samiti, continuously for 15 years. 1962 to 1977, he was Sarpanch of village Katha Panchayat. Since 1974, lifetime member for Maharaja Surajmal Educational Institute, Delhi. Ch. Charan Singh Ji also contributed to the development and structuring of Baghpat region villages and Jat Arakshan Aandolan. He was also honoured by different Jat Mahasabhas (2011 by Uttrakhand Jat Mahasabha, 2012 by Uttar Pradesh Jat Mahasabha, 2013 by All India Jat OBC coordination committee Haryana). He also coordinated Jat Jagriti Rath through 22 districts of Uttar Pradesh. He was also director of Aaap ka Bazaar, Meerut.

(Edited by Vivek Kumar & Saurabh Kumar Tanwar, Grandsons)

People’s Gallery

External Links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-35
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.55, s.n. 1950
  3. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 333
  4. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 5
  5. Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria), The Jats - Their Origin, Antiquity & Migrations, p. 150-151
  6. Yoginder Pal Shastri, op. cit., p. 468
  7. Amichand Sharma, Jat Varna mimansa, v.s. 1967
  8. Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria), The Jats - Their Origin, Antiquity & Migrations, pp. 150-151
  9. Buddha Prakash, op. cit., p. 77
  10. M.L. Bhargava, Geography of the Rigvedic India, Lucknow, 1964, p. 129
  11. Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria), The Jats - Their Origin, Antiquity & Migrations, p. 150-151
  12. AV Xll/4/49-50
  13. The Forgotten Tirtha of Bheda Devi by Arjan Dev Majboor

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