Karnal (Hindi: करनाल) is a city and the headquarters of Karnal District in the Indian state of Haryana. Karnal is said to have been founded by the Kauravas at around the time of the Mahabharata epic for the king Karna, a key figure in the epic tale. It is 123 km from Delhi on the National Highway NH-1 [also called the GT Road(short for Grand Trunk Road)] and 126 km from Chandigarh.
Tahsils in Karnal district
Villages in Karnal tahsil
(This list consists of villages falling under Karnal tehsil, and not district Karnal as a whole).
Agond, Alipur Viran, Amritpur Kalan, Amritpur Khurd, Amunpur, Andhera, Bahlolpur Mushtarka, Baldhi, Baloo, Bansa, Baragaon, Baras, Barota, Bastali, Bazida Jattan, Bazida Roran, Bazidpur, Bhari, Bhojpur, Bhusli, Bir Majra, Birachhpur, Budha Khera, Budhanpur Abad, Budhanpur Urf Rukanpur, Budhanpur Viran, Chak Nalvi Par, Chakbhari, Chakda, Chhapra Khera, Chirao, Chorpura, Chundipur, Chundipur Par, Churni, Chusana, Dabarki, Dabarkipar, Dabkauli Khurd, Dabri, Dachaur, Dadoopur Roran, Dadupur Ranghran, Daha, Danialpur, Darar, Dhakwala, Dilaura, Gangar, Ganjo Garhi, Gheer, Ghogripur, Goeda, Gondar, Gularpur, Gunana, Hathlana, Himda, Jalala Viran, Jani, Jarauli, Jatpura, Jundla, Kachhwa, Kailash, Kalampura, Kalwa Heri, Kamboh Pura, Karnal (M Cl), Katlaheri, Keharwali, Kharajpur, Kheri Naru, Kuchpura, Kunda Kalan, Kunjpura, Kurak, Kurali, Kutail, Landhora, Mainmati, Makarampur, Makhu Majra, Mandhai, Mangalpur, Manglaura Qadim, Manjoora, Mirgahan, Mohamadpur, Mohay-Ud-Dinpur, Mohmmad Nagar, Motia, Mubarkabad, Mughal Majra, Mustfabad, Nabipur, Nagla Megha, Nalwi Kalan, Nalwi Khurd, Nalwipar, Nasirpur, Niawal, Nisang, Peont, Phusgarh, Pingli, Pipalwali, Pucholia, Pundrak, Ramba, Ranwar, Rasulpur Kalan, Rasulpur Khurd, Rindal, Saidpura, Salaroo, Salarpura, Sambhli, Seori, Shahpur, Sharafabad, Shei Khpura, Shergarh Tapu, Singhra, Singoha, Sirsi, Sohana, Subhri, Taharpur, Taprana, Tharota, Tikri, Uchana, Uncha Siwana (CT), Zarifa Wiran, Zarifabad,
V. S. Agrawala writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Kuru (कुरु) (IV.1.172) - It was known to Panini as a janapada and a Kingdom. Hastinapura (VI.2.101) was its capital. The region between triangle of Thanesar, Hisar and Hastinapur was known by three different names. Kururashtra proper between Ganga River and Yamuna with its capital Hastinapur; Kurujangala equal to Rohtak, Hansi, Hisar; and Kurukshetra to the north with its centres at Thaneswar, Kaithal, Karnal.
Karnal is the headquarters of Karnal District,with a population of 8,85,000 covers an area of 1967 sq km. Karnal is said to have been founded by the Kauravas at around the time of the Mahabharata epic for the king Karna, a key figure in the epic tale. The word 'Karnal' is actually a derivated version of 'Karnalaya' (कर्णालय) i.e. the land of King Karna. Karnal is called the city of Daanvir Karna.Karan was Kunti’s first born son, son of Surya,and was thus half brother to the Pandavas.The Kaurav Prince Suyodhan(also known as Duryodhan) gifted the kingdom of the ANG Pradesh to Karan.As a proof, there is a lake here called "Karna Taal".It is believed that Karan used to bathe in this lake.Philanthropist Karna used to offer prayers after bathing at the ghats of the erstwhile sarovar.A pillar entrance of the taal states that it was the place where Karna used to donate “sawa mann” (125 kg of) pure gold everyday. It was also,at this spot that he gave away his protective armor to Indra.Some believe that it was Lord Krishna who disgused as a sadhu asked karna for the kawach.Karna knew he was Lord Krishna but still gave his "Swans of the district are Gharaunda, Nilokheri, Assandh, Nissang, Indri and Taraori.
Karnal sprang into prominence in 1739 when Persian emperor Nadir Shah defeated and captured the Mughal ruler Muhammad Shah in the Battle of Karnal. Raja Gopal Singh of Jind seized Karnal in 1763, and the Marhattas established themselves at Karnal in 1785. Skirmishes however, followed between the Marhattas and the Sikhs. In 1795 the Marhattas finally wrested the city from Raja Bhag Singh of Jind and made it over to the British-Irish military commander George Thomas, who took part in the fight. Meanwhile Raja Gurdit Singh of Ladwa obtained possession of Karnal. It was captured by the British in 1805 and made over to Muhamdi Khan (Mandal). The British established a cantonment in 1811 but abandoned it after 30 years due to an outbreak of malaria. The fort which had been built by Raja Gajpat Singh of Jind, was taken over by the British and converted into a residence for Dost Mohammad Khan, Amir of Kabul. The fort was used as a jail, and as quarters for native cavalry and as a poorhouse. In 1862, it was made over to the Education Department, when the District School was moved into it from the city.
There is an interesting story attached with Karnal with regard to the partition of India and the birth of Pakistan. History suggests that the person who dragged back Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah into politics was from Karnal and lived in Klandri Gate. Apart from that, the producer and director of the movie "Bend It Like Beckham" Gurinder Chadha was also born and brought up in Karnal. The district of Karnal has given a lot of big political figures to Pakistan and Nawab Liaqat Ali Khan ranks foremost amongst them. Liaqat Ali Khan was the Nawab of Kunjpura and his palace has now been converted into a Sainik School and it is situated at a distance of 10 kilometers from the city of Karnal.
Karnal is famous for Shoes, National Dairy Research Institute, Agriculture Research Institute and Basmati Rice Production in the district. The area around Karnal is very fertile (famous for 'Basmati' rice.
Jat villages in Karnal district
- Tahsil Indri - These following villages fall in Indri tehsil
Bhadson, Bihad Majra, Byana, Chogama, Chorpura,Kalri Jagir,Labakri,Dhumsi,Raitkhana,Bibipur Jattan,Garhi Gujran, Dabkoli, Dhano Kheri, Garhi Jattan, Kheri Jattan, Garhi Birbal Hansu Majra, Hinori, Kalsora, Khanpur Jattan, Shekhpura Suhana, Shergarh Nathori, Shergarh Tapu, Swarn Majra, Umarpur, Nandi,Bhauji, few families in baragaon Bajida Jattan, Bhusli, Raipur Jattan, Birchpur
Jat Gotras in Karnal district
करनाल हरयाणा के समृद्ध शहरों में से है. इसका नाम महाभारत के कर्ण योद्धा के नाम पर पड़ा है. जिले में लगभग १० लाख की आबादी में से १.५ लाख जाट हैं.
करनाल शहर में जाटों की आबादी ९-१० हजार है. यहाँ जाट समृद्ध तथा प्रगतिशील हैं. जिले में जाटों के बड़े गोत्र कादियान , मान, लाठर , पूनिया , नरवाल , संधू , काजल , सिंदड़ , मालिक , महला , सांगवान , अहलावत हैं.
Other jat Gotras are:
Notable Jats from karnal district
- Bhaleram Beniwal
- Major Mahinder Singh Kadiyan
- Prakashvati Narwal
- Surender Singh Narwal
- Virender Singh Narwal
- Ompal Singh Tugania
- Late Randhir Singh Maan - Political leader
- Late Surjit Singh Maan - Political leader
- Ch Mahendra Singh Lathar - Loksabha and Rajya Sabha Member from Karnal.
- Ch. Prem Singh Kadian - Progressive Sugarcane producer
- Dharm Pal Nadal - Famous Singer
- Sardar Balvendra Singh Barar - Elected as Parshad of Ward No.2 Karnal.
- Mahipal Arya, Jat Jyoti, August 2013,p. 15
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.54
- Jat Jyoti:September 2013,p. 7