Villages founded by the clan
H.A. Rose writes that Chachar (चाचड़), an agricultural clan, found in Shahpur and Multan, classed as Jats in the latter District. In Bahawalpur the Chachars claim Mughal origin and they produce tables tracing their descent from Timur whom they connect with Abbās, cousin of Husain, son of Ali. But tradition says that the Surar, Subhago, Silro and Chāchaṛ tribes were once slaves of Raja Bungā Rai, Raja of Amrkot, and that Jam Jhakhar redeemed them, and there is a saying :
- Surāṛ, Subhāgo, Sīlṛo, cliauthi Chāchaṛiā,
- Anda hā Jām Jhakhaṛe hā bāhnān Bunga Ra.
Meaning-"Surar, Subhago (or Subhaga), Silro (or Silra), (these three) and a fourth tribe, the Chachar were the slaves of Bunga Rai ; it was Jam Jhakhar who brought them," (effecting their emancipation from Bunga Rai).
The Chachars have several septs : — Raj-de, the highest in status ; Rahmani, whose ancestors were khalifas of Ghaus Baha-ud-Din Zakariya : hence they are also called Shaikh-Rahmani, and some sanctity still attaches to the sept ; Narang, Jugana, Jhunjha, Chhutta, Gureja, Rukana, Kalra, Mudda, Duwani, Dohija, Gabrani, Muria, Kharyani and Zakriani or followers of Ghaus Baha-ud-Din Zakariya.
Distribution in Pakistan
According to 1911 census the Chachar were the principal Muslim Jat clan:
Distribution in erstwhile Bahawalpur State
- Bahawalpur State - Chachar (9,331)
Distribution in Gujranwala district
- Dr Pema Ram:Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.300
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I,s.n. च-75
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas,
- A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/C, p.145
- Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book VII (i) (p.284)
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