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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

District map of Kutch

Dholavira (धोलावीरा) is an archaeological site at Khadirbet in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District in Gujarat, India. Also known locally as Kotada timba the site contains ruins of an ancient Indus Valley Civilization/Harappan city.


It is located on the Khadir bet island in the Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary in Great Rann of Kutch and the area of the full site is more than 100 ha.


The site was occupied from c.2650 BCE, declining slowly after about 2100 BCE. It was briefly abandoned and reoccupied until c.1450 BCE.[1]

Above all the Harappan sites, the site of Dholavira nearby known as Kotada, in the Khadir island of Kutch stands separately. It is memorable for its wonderful planning and vastness of area and deposit. Currently, we can say that it is one of the two largest arrangements in India and the fourth or fifth largest in the subcontinent. The others arrangements are: Mohenjo-daro, Harappa, Gharo Bhiro (all in Pakistan) and Rakhigarhi (in India).[2]

Dholavira enjoys the exclusive characteristic of elastic a dedication of ten large sized signs of the Harappan script that is indeed the oldest sign-board of the world. A variety of used funerals structures is yet another feature of greater than importance throwing new light on the socio-religious beliefs by this means representative the presence of compound national groups in the Indus population of Dholavira.[3]

Dholavira presents a "Harappan city" similarity excellence, trial about 600 m on the east-west. Inside the general strengthening, there are three separate complexes: An Acropolis, a middle town and a lower town. In addition, the acropolis and the middle town had been further furnished with their own accessory defence-work, gateways, built-up areas, street-system, wells and large open spaces. The city has inside the general building up accounts for 48 hectares. Besides, there are extensive structure-bearing areas while outside yet warmly important to the fortified settlement. [4]

The other major Harappan sites discovered so far are: Harappa, Mohenjo-daro, Ganeriwala, Rakhigarhi, Kalibangan, Rupnagar and Lothal.

External links


  1. Possehl, Gregory L. (2002). The indus civilization : a contemporary perspective (2. print. ed.). Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press. pp. 67–70. ISBN 9780759101722.
  2. "Kutch Visiting Places and Tourist Attraction : Kutch Guide - Gujarat"
  3. "Kutch Visiting Places and Tourist Attraction : Kutch Guide - Gujarat"
  4. "Kutch Visiting Places and Tourist Attraction : Kutch Guide - Gujarat"

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