Nur-ud-din Mohammad Salim, known by his imperial name Jahangir (Hindi: जहांगीर) (30 August 1569 – 7 November 1627), was the fourth Mughal Emperor in Delhi who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627. He was also known by the short name, Salim (सलीम).
Jahangir was the eldest surviving son of Mughal Emperor Akbar and was declared successor to his father from an early age. Impatient for power, however, he revolted in 1599 while Akbar was engaged in the Deccan. Jahangir was defeated, but ultimately succeeded his father as Emperor in 1605.
The first year of Jahangir's reign saw a rebellion organized by his eldest son Khusrau Mirza. The rebellion was soon put down; Khusrau was brought before his father in chains. After subduing and executing nearly 2000 members of the rebellion, Jahangir blinded his renegade son.
Jahangir built on his father's foundations of excellent administration, and his reign was characterized by political stability, a strong economy and impressive cultural achievements. The only major reversal to the expansion came in 1622 when Shah Abbas, the Safavid Emperor of Iran captured Kandahar while Jahangir was battling his rebellious son, Khusrau in India. The rebellion of Khurram absorbed Jahangir's attention, so in the spring of 1623, he negotiated a diplomatic end to the conflict.
Jahangir died on the way back from Kashmir, near Sarai Saadabad, in 1627. To preserve his body, the entrails were removed and buried in the Baghsar Fort, Kashmir. The body was then transferred to Lahore to be buried in Shahdara Bagh, a suburb of Lahore.
Jahangir was succeeded by his third son, Prince Khurram who took the title of Shah Jahan.
Treaty with East India Company
In 1614, a delegation of the East India Company visited the court of Jahangir to arrange a commercial treaty and to secure for the East India Company sites for commercial agencies, -"factories" as they were called. The company was successful in getting permission from Jahangir for setting up factories which were first established at Ahmedabad and Broach in (Gujarat). This step on the part of the Mughal Emperor gave a sound footing to the British East India Company in India and in the long run provided the sound footing for further expansion of the British influence in India.
सम्राट् जहांगीर और जाट
(सन् 1605-1627 ई०)
सम्राट् जहाँगीर ने 3, रबी-उल-अव्वल, सन् 1030 हिजरी (सन् 1621 ई०) को सर्वखाप पंचायत के मन्त्री भानीचन्द गांव शोरम को दावत (भोज) देने का एक शाही फरमान भेजा जिसमें लिखा है कि “शहंशाह जहांगीर हर जाति के सरदारों को दावत देते हैं जिसमें आप जाटान बालियान चौ० भानीचन्द मन्त्री सर्वखाप पंचायत गांव शोरम स्वयं आकर शरीक होवें और दरबार से तोहफे (उपहार) प्राप्त करें।” मुहर शहंशाह जहांगीर हिन्द।
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter VII (Page 588)