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Jatapura

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Author:Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क

Jatapur (जटापुर) is the name of an ancient city mentioned in Ramayana (IV.42.13) which means 'the city of Jats'. It is located near Murachipattana in Kerala, India. Probably Jatapura is related with Jatatirtha.[1]

Variants

Jatapura in Ramayana

Jatapura find mention in Ramayana (IV.42.13). Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 42 mentions that Sugreeva sends troops to west side to search for Sita under the leadership of Sushena. Describing the various provinces like Surashtra, Balhika and Chandrachitra (Mathura), Western Ocean, River Sindhu and magnificent mountains that are situated at the northwest of India, cities like Murachipattana, Jatapura, Avanti and Angalepa and also the ocean down south to it, namely the present Arabian Sea and almost up to Persian provinces, he orders monkey troops to return within one month's time.

"Sita shall be searched along with the residency of Ravana on the mountains that are sitting pretty on the seashore, as well as in the forests on those mountains. Further, the delightful cities available alongshore like Murachipattana, Jatapura, Avanti and Angalepa are to be searched together with the forest of Alakshita, including the nearby provinces and spacious townships. (4.42.12b, 13, 14)[2]

"At the junction of River Sindhu with the ocean, Mouth of Indus, there is a huge mountain named Hemagiri, Golden-Mountain, which is with hundreds of summits and gigantic trees. (4.42.15)[3]

Identification of Jatapura

Shorkot, ancient name Sibipura, town is located in the Jhang district of Punjab, Pakistan. As per Diodorus [4], Arrian [5] and Strabo [6], the area surrounding Sibipura was occupied by a people called Sibi, during the time of Alexander's invasion of Punjab.

Professor Eggermont [7] said, "J. Ph. Vogel showed that the mound of Shorkot (Jhang district, between Chenab, Indus, and Ravi rivers) represents the site of Sibipura, the town (pura) of the Sibis, which is mentioned in a Shorkot inscription". Even today Sibi or Sibia is a well known Jat clan in Punjab. Furthermore, Professor Eggermont [8] said, "However, I cannot possibly pass over in silence that in the very Vessantara Jataka the town over which Sanjaya, king of Sibi, ruled is called Jettuttara and not Aritta-pura. It is probably more likely the word Jetuttara is Jetupura or Jatupura which means the place where Jats live. The word "pura" in Sanskrit means "place".

Vijayendra Kumar Mathur identifies the city of Jatapura situated near Murchipattan in Kerala. [9]

जटापुर

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[10] ने लेख किया है ...जटापुर (AS, p.353) मुरचीपत्तन (केरल) के निकट स्थित है। इसका उल्लेख वाल्मीकि रामायण, किष्किंधाकांड 42, 13 में इस प्रकार हुआ है- 'वेलातलनिविष्टेषु पर्वतेषु वनेषु च मुरचीपत्तनं चैव रम्यं चैव जटापुरम्।' संभव है कि जटापुर का इसका संबंध जटातीर्थ से हो।


External links

References

  1. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.353
  2. तत्र सीताम् च मार्गध्वम् निलयम् रावणस्य च ॥४-४२-१२॥ वेलातल निवेष्टेषु पर्वतेषु वनेषु च । मुरची पत्तनम् चैव रम्यम् चैव जटा पुरम् ॥४-४२-१३॥ अवंतीम् अंगलेपाम् च तथा च अलक्षितम् वनम् । राष्ट्राणि च विशालानि पत्तनानि ततः ततः ॥४-४२-१४॥
  3. सिंधु सागरयोः चैव संगमे तत्र पर्वतः । महान् हेम गिरिः नाम शत शृंगो महाद्रुमः ॥४-४२-१५॥
  4. Diodorus (first century B.C.), Diodorus of Sicilly, translated by C.B. Welles, Vol. 8, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1946, pp. 397, 401, 405
  5. Arrian (95-175 A.D.), Anabasis of Alexander, translated by E.I. Robson, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1966, pp. 37, 59, 69-72, 131-139 (Vol. II).
  6. Strabo (first century A.D.), The Geography of Strabo, translated by H.L. Jones, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1954, pp. 57-58 (Vol. VIII).
  7. Eggermont, P.H.L., Alexander's Campaign in Gandhara and Ptolemy's List of Indo-Scythian Towns, Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica I, 1970, pp. 89, 86.
  8. Eggermont, P.H.L., Alexander's Campaign in Gandhara and Ptolemy's List of Indo- Scythian Towns, Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica I, 1970, pp. 89, 86.
  9. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.353
  10. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.353