Kratha

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Kratha (क्रथ) was a Nagavanshi King of Mahabharata period. They were subjugated by Bhimasena. Their great king Kratha was reigning in the region lying about Suparsa[1].

Jat Gotras from Kratha

  • Kaith (कैथ) gotra of Jats got this name after their ancestor Kratha (क्रथ). [2]
  • Kathoriya (कथोरिया) Kathoria (कथोरिया) gotra of Jats originated from Maharaja Kratha (क्रथ). [3]

In Mahabharata

Mahabharata:At (14,4) (Last moments of Bala Rama) the name of principal Naga chiefs were mentioned as:-

Karkotaka and Vasuki and Takshaka and Prithusravas and Varuna and Kunjara, and Misri and Sankha and Kumuda and Pundarika, Dhritarashtra, and Hrada and Kratha and Sitikantha of fierce energy, and Chakramanda and Atishanda, Durmukha, and Amvarisha, and king Varuna.

The Mahabharata Tribe - Kratha (क्रथ) mentioned in Shalya Parva (IX.44.65), Sabha Parva (II.27.7)

यज्ञवाहः परवाहश च देव याजी च सॊमपः
सजालश च महातेजाः क्रथ करादौ च भारत (IX.44.65)
ततः सुपार्श्वम अभितस तदा राजपतिं क्रथम
युध्यमानं बलात संख्ये विजिग्ये पाण्डवर्षभः (II.27.7)


Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 267 shloka 19 mentions that the mighty army, protected by Nala and Nila and Angada and Kratha' and Mainda and Dwivida, marched forth for achieving the purpose of Raghava.

नल नीलाङ्गदक्राद मैन्द दविरदपालिता
ययौ सुमहती सेना राघवस्यार्दसिथ्धये (Mahabharata:III.67.19)

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/SECTION LXVII mentions about the ancestry the men, the gods, the Danavas, the Gandharvas, the Rakshasas etc. :"Asura, O king, who was called Kratha, was born on earth as the royal sage Parvateya of form resplendent like a golden mountain. He amongst the Asura who was known as Salabha the second, became on earth the monarch Prahlada in the country of the Valhikas."

"The Graha who was brought forth by Sinhika and who persecuted the Sun and the Moon became noted on earth as the monarch Kratha."
The Mahabharata Tribe - Kratha (क्रथ) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Kaithoria (कैथोरिया) or Kaith (कैथ) who are considered descendants of Maharaja Kratha (क्रथ) of Kuruvansh. [4]

References

  1. Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 27 (2.27.7)
  2. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 233
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 232
  4. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 233

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