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Genealogy of Suryavansha

Kush (कुश)[1] [2] Kushavanshi (कुशवंशी)[3] is a gotra of Jats[4] found in Haryana.


This gotra is based on descendants of Kusha son of Rama. [5]

Kusrouli village


The Mahabharata Tribe - Kushavindu (कुश बिन्दव) figure in geography Mahabharata (VI.10.54), Could belong to the southwest. [6]The Mahabharata Tribe - Kushavindu (कुश बिन्दव) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Kush (कुश) or Kuswan (कुसवां).

Kingdom of Kush

The Kingdom of Kush (/kʊʃ, kʌʃ/; Egyptian: 𓎡𓄿𓈙𓈉 kꜣš, Assyrian: Rassam cylinder Ku-u-si.jpg Kûsi, in LXX Ancient Greek: Κυς Kus and Κυσι Kusi; Coptic: ⲉϭⲱϣ Ecōš; Hebrew: כּוּשׁ Kūš) was an ancient kingdom in Nubia, centered along the Nile Valley in what is now northern Sudan and southern Egypt.

The region of Nubia was an early cradle of civilization, producing several complex societies that engaged in trade and industry.[7] The city-state of Kerma emerged as the dominant political force between 2450 and 1450 BC, controlling the Nile Valley between the first and fourth cataracts, an area as large as Egypt. The Egyptians were the first to identify Kerma as "Kush" and over the next several centuries the two civilizations engaged in intermittent warfare, trade, and cultural exchange.[8]

Much of Nubia came under Egyptian rule during the New Kingdom period (1550–1070 BC). Following Egypt's disintegration amid the Late Bronze Age collapse, the Kushites reestablished a kingdom in Napata (now modern Karima, Sudan). Though Kush had developed many cultural affinities with Egypt, such as the veneration of Amun, and the royal families of both kingdoms often intermarried, Kushite culture was distinct; Egyptian art distinguished the people of Kush by their dress, appearance, and even method of transportation.[9]

King Kashta ("the Kushite") peacefully became King of Upper Egypt, while his daughter, Amenirdis, was appointed as Divine Adoratrice of Amun in Thebes.[10]Piye invaded Lower Egypt in the eighth century BC, establishing the Kushite-ruled Twenty-fifth Dynasty. Piye's daughter, Shepenupet II, was also appointed Divine Adoratrice of Amun. The monarchs of Kush ruled Egypt for over a century until the Assyrian conquest, finally being expelled by the Egyptian Psamtik I in the mid-seventh century BC. Following the severing of ties with Egypt, the Kushite imperial capital was located at Meroë, during which time it was known by the Greeks as Aethiopia.

From the third century BC to the third century AD, northern Nubia would be invaded and annexed by Egypt. Ruled by the Macedonians and Romans for the next 600 years, this territory would be known in the Greco-Roman world as Dodekaschoinos. It was later taken back under control by the fourth Kushite king Yesebokheamani. The Kingdom of Kush persisted as a major regional power until the fourth century AD when it weakened and disintegrated from internal rebellion amid worsening climatic conditions, and invasions and conquest by the Noba people. The city of Meroë was captured and pillaged by the Kingdom of Aksum, marking the end of the kingdom and its dissolution into the three polities of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia. Sometime after this event, the kingdom of Alodia would gain control of the southern territory of the former Meroitic empire including parts of Eritrea.[11]

Long overshadowed by its more prominent Egyptian neighbor, archaeological discoveries since the late 20th century have revealed Kush to be an advanced civilization in its own right. The Kushites had their own unique language and script; maintained a complex economy based on trade and industry; mastered archery; and developed a complex, urban society with uniquely high levels of female participation.[12]

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Kurukshetra district

Villages of kusha gotra are: Chadhooni Jatan, Dhola Majra, Khanpur Jatan, Tyoda, Tyodi

Villages in Ambala district

Kakkad Majra

External links


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-137
  2. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.32,sn-335.
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. क-126
  4. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.297
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 231
  6. वध्राः करीषकाश चापि कुलिन्थॊपत्यकास तदा । वनायवॊ थशा पार्श्वा रॊमाणः कुश बिन्दवः।। Mahabharata (VI.10.54)
  7. Society, National Geographic (2018-07-20). "The Kingdoms of Kush". National Geographic Society.
  8. Alberge, Dalya. "Tomb reveals Ancient Egypt's humiliating secret". The Times. London.
  9. Society, National Geographic (2018-07-20). "The Kingdoms of Kush". National Geographic Society.
  10. Török, László (1998). "The Kingdom of Kush: Handbook of the Napatan-Meroitic Civilization". Handbook of Oriental Studies. Section 1 the Near and Middle East. Leiden: Brill. ISBN 978-9004104488. pp.144–6.
  11. Derek Welsby (2014): "The Kingdom of Alwa" in "The Fourth Cataract and Beyond". Peeters.
  12. Stirn, Isma'il Kushkush, Matt. "Why Sudan's Remarkable Ancient Civilization Has Been Overlooked by History". Smithsonian Magazine.

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