Larkana or Larkano (Hindi: लरकाना, Urdu:لاڑکانہ, Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو) is a city and district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is home to the Indus Valley Civilization site Mohenjo-daro, which is larger in size than Babylonia and Assyria.
Larkana is in the north-west of the Sindh province of Pakistan, where the historic Indus River flows in south of the city. The city is located within Larkana District. Formerly known as 'Chandka', Larkana is located on the south bank of "Ghar canal", about 64 km south of the town Shikarpur, and 58 km north east of Mehar. Larkana is situated at Latitude 24 56' 00' and Longitude 67 11' 00. It is also included in Upper Sindh.
The district of Larkana is administratively subdivided into the following talukas:
Click to see Jat Gotras in Larkana
The name was taken from the Larik (caste) as Larkana, at that time the chief of the caste was Sardar Saeed Nawaz Larik.
The Imperial Gazetteer of India describes the town as follows:
The country surrounding Lārkāna is fertile and populous, and perhaps the finest tract in the whole of the province: The spacious walks, well laid-out gardens, and luxuriant foliage, have gained for Lārkāna the title of the 'Eden of Sind.' It is one of the most important grain marts of Sind, and is famous for a variety of rice called sugdāsi. There is a large local traffic in metals, cloth, and leather. The principal manufactures are cloth of mixed silk and cotton, coarse cotton cloth, metal vessels, and leathern goods. The chief local object of interest is the tomb of Shāh Bahārah, according to Nadeem wagan's article who was a military officer of Nūr Muhammad Kalhora, and died in 1735. Of modern buildings the most noteworthy are the Collector's office, a fine domed building with an ornamental Darbār hall; erected in 1902 ; and a neatly-built school and boarding- house for the, sons of zamīndārs, erected by public subscription in the same year.
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and Benazir Bhutto - former Prime Ministers of Pakistan. They belonged to Larkana.
- Indus, Valley. "Archeology"
- Lārkāna Town - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 16, p. 144