Natt

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Natt (नत्त)/ Nat (नात)[1] Nat (नट)[2] [3] is Jat Gotra found in in Punjab, Haryana and Pakistan. [4],[5] Nutak/Nat/Nath/Natka/ Natkani clan is found in Afghanistan.[6]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Moga district

Ramu Wala,

Villages in Jalandhar district

Villages in Patiala district

Nat Jat Gotra in Punjab had population l,860 in Patiala district. [7]

Villages in Bhatinda district

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Sangrur district

History and Origin

The tribe is descended from Jograh, a Suryavanshi Rajput, who said to have from Ayudhia, in North India. They claim common descent with the Wahla and Kang tribes of Jat, Kang and Wahla being brothers of Natt.

Like the Kang and Wahla clans of the Jats, the large majority of Natts trace their roots to the Ghazni region in present day Afghanistan.

Distribution in Pakistan

Natt - The Natt claim Chandravanshi Rajputs ancestry. They are found in Gujranwala and Sialkot districts.

In Pakistan, The Natts are found mainly in Narowal and Gujranwala districts. In India, Natts are mainly found in Gurdaspur, Ludhiana and Sangrur districts. Natts can also be found in Kurukshetra and Jind districts of Haryana.


According to 1911 census, the Natt Muslim Jat clan had a population of 755 in Gurdaspur District in Pakistan.[8]

Natt of Rajona Kalan of Ludhiana

The Natt of the village of Rajoana Kalan in Ludhiana District have an interesting history.

The ancestry of the village and its people is of Jat Sikhs bearing the family name or surname of Natt. Natt’s of Rajoana Kalan, can be traced back to a woman known as Mai Bhatti.

Mai Bhatti was daughter of a rich landowner – zamindar or Sardar – who gifted her and her husband large areas of land surrounding the present village. Mai Bhatti and her husband had three sons. Reference to her husband and what happened to him is yet to be determined. She lived during the life and times of Guru Gobind Singh. History has it that when Guru Gobind Singh was engaged in the guerrilla war with the ruling Mughals in Delhi, he came to the place where Mai Bhatti lived with her three sons.

He was without horse and or any carriage, and requested one to be found for him. He spent the night there and the next morning Mai Bhatti together with her three sons gave a lift to Guru Gobind Singh on a Manji (a small light cot / bed). This was a form of transport carriage in those days.

Guru Gobind Singh found that one end of the Manji dipped lower than the other three, but could not see the reason for this. He asked the oldest son what the reason was and was told that it was because his mother, Mai Bhatti was bearing that end of the Manji.

Guru Gobind Singh was extremely pleased and impressed with this demonstration of support from Mai Bhatti, and told her to ask for any reward she may wish for. Being a simple person, she asked that each of her sons find a bride and get married.

Guru Gobind Singh was amused by the simplicity of her wishes and said that the sons would marry not only once but twice! He told Mai Bhatti to ask for something else – probably expecting a materialistic request – but keeping to her simple lifestyle, she said that once the sons were married if they could be blessed to be able to earn a living for their family.

Guru Gobind Singh was once again pleased with the simple demand and blessed her sons with the prophecy that they would settle a village each.

Today there are three villages originating from that one family – firstly, Rajoana Kalan (the main village), secondly Chotta Rajoana (small Rajoana) also known officially as Rajoana Khurd, and thirdly the village of Tugal.

There is a memorial plaque with details of Mai Bhatti’s place in Sikh history at the entrance to the Kila (the castle) in Rajoana Kalan.

Initially all the families and descendants of Mai Bhatti’s sons lived within the Kila. This was in tradition of living in the large household of the ruling Sardars and in times of conflict back during the village’s history, it was a prudent thing to do.

In the passage of time and as the size of the family increased, segments of the families slowly started to take up residence in the village, outside the Kila. This was a practical proposition, however it probably led to the relaxing of relationships and weakening of them.

Religion

The Natt of Pakistan are Muslim, while those of India are Sikh.

References


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