Ludhiana (Hindi: लुधियाना, Punjabi: ਲੁਧਿਆਣਾ) is a city and a municipal corporation in Ludhiana district in the Indian state of Punjab. It is the largest city in Punjab, with an estimated population of 1.4 million. The city stands on the Sutlej River's old bank, 13 km south of its present course. Ludhiana is centrally located on the Grand Trunk Road from Delhi to Amritsar, and is connected to the Indian capital city of New Delhi by road and frequent train service. It is a major industrial and educational center of northern India, and is the crossroads of many different cultures.
Tahsils in Ludhiana district
Sikh Chieftains of 1860, who held great Influence and local power
- Sardar Bhagwant Singh of Bhadaur village, Sidhu Jatt (Phulkian Sikh Misl Descendents)
- Sardar Badan Singh of Malaudh village, Sidhu Jatt (Phulkian Sikh Misl Descendents)
- Sardar Bhai Arjan Singh of Bagrian village, Ramgarhia Sikh
- Sardar Bahadur Sardar Raghbir Singh of Ladhran village, Guron Jatt
- Sardar Ganda Singh of Dhiru Mazra village, Jatt
- Sardar Harnam Singh of Bhari village, Bhangu Jatt (Descendant of Bhai Mehtab Singh (d. 1740), a Sikh Warrior and Martyr, who belonged to the village Mirankot, In Amritsar District (Majha region) of Punjab, later his son Sardar Rai Singh Bhangu, who In 1764, with a large Sikh force, crossed the Sutlej river and captured present day Bhari village (Ludhiana District), and established his head quarters there, and his son was the famous Sikh Historian Bhai Rattan Singh Bhangu (d. 1846), Ancestors of the Bhari Chieftains.)
Jats in Ludhiana
Jat Sikh Clans and their Population in Selective Districts of Punjab Handbooks    prepared by British military officers for the recruitment of Sikhs into the British Indian Army contain information on the location of Jat clans and their respective population in various districts of Punjab. Therefore, this section (basically based on these documents) presents various Jat clans and their respective population projected by B S Dhillon. 
- Grewal (45,336): This clan basically belongs to the Ludhiana district where it has about 75 villages.
- Gill (28,101): It appears that this clan settled in the Ludhiana district about 350 years ago during the reign of Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor of India, and claims its ancestor was a king in the southern area of "Gharmela" . The "Gills" own about 50 villages mostly around the area of Jagraon.
- Sidhu (24,741): It is believed that this clan originally came from the Faridkot area of Punjab about 350 years ago and own a good many villages around the town of Jagraon.
- Dhaliwal (32,454): This clan holds many villages around the towns of Pakhowal and Jagraon and claim their ancestor was a Rajput (son of king) from Jaisalmir, Rajasthan province to the south of modern Punjab.
- Bhander (?): This clan of the Jats owns upwards of 20 villages.
- Dhillon (9,858): This clan is scattered all over the district and claims coming from the west of the Sutlej river.
- Other Jat clans - Chimma (8,916), Mann (10,563), Sandhu (9,729), Mangat (6,663), Saroi (6,108), Chahil (13,614), Bhullar (5,310), Dhinsa (4,533), Boparai (4,431), Bhangu (3,432), Bal (3,783), Her (3,603), Main (2,643), Aulak (2,055), Deol (l,902), Kang, (897), Bains (741). Other Jat clans to be found in the district are Sekhon, Rathi, Gandhu and so on.
- Barstow, A.E. (Major), The Sikhs: An Ethnology, reprinted by B.R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi, India, 1985, pp. 105-135.
- Bingley, A.H. (Captain), Handbooks for the Indian Army: Sikhs, compiled under the orders of the Government of India, Printed at the Government Central Printing Office, Simla, India, 1899, pp. 29-37.
- Falcon, R.W. (Captain), Handbook on Sikhs for the Use of Regimental Officers, Printed at the Pioneer Press, Allahabad, India, 1896, pp. 81-103.
- History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. ISBN-10: 1895603021 or ISBN-13: 978-1895603026. 123
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