It is at a distance of 40 km on Jodhpur – Pipad road.
It is a place of historical importance as it is the birthplace of Vir Durgadas Rathore. The village was founded some years after the Jodhpur city was founded on 12 May 1459. Father of Vir Durgadas Ratore was Aaskaran who was a Darbari of Jodhpur Maharaja Jaswant Singh. This village was a Jagir awarded to Aaskaran by Maharaja Jodhpur.
After India’s independence on the occasion of Navratras the Rajputs of the village wanted to offer a goat as victim to a deity but Jats opposed it. There was a struggle between both communities and the Rajputs were driven out of the village. They moved out and settled at village Asarnada. There is no Rajput family in the village now.
The Salwa Kalan village has population of 5319 of which 2742 are males while 2577 are females (as per Population Census 2011).
About 1000 families inhabit the village, out of which about 700 families belong to Jats of 24 Gotras. Out of a total population of 5319 there are about4500 Jats in the village. The biggest gotras are Godara and Thori
The gotra wise number of Jat families is as under:
- Saheed Pabu Ram Thori - From Salwa Kalan, Jodhpur, Rajasthan शहीद पाबु राम थोरी, गांव- सालवा कलाँ, (जोधपुर) । 18 अगस्त 2015 को शोपियाँ, जम्मू एवम् कश्मीर में आतंकियों से लड़ते हुए वीरगति को प्राप्त हुए ।
- Nimba Ram Dudi - From Salwa Kalan, Jodhpur, Rajasthan अमर शहीद निम्बाराम डुडी सालवा कलाँ जोधपुर 
- Mahendra Singh Rad - महेंद्रसिंह राड़ सुपुत्र श्री मांगीलाल राड़ गांव रामनगर सालवा कला, जोधपुर। 51,000 रु का दान दिया जाट धर्मशाला हरिद्वार
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