Sangar Singh

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Genealogy of the Fridkot rulers

Sangar Singh (संगरसिंह) was a Barar-Jat Chief of the erstwhile Faridkot State. He was contemporary of Babar (1483 – 1530).

Sangar and Bhallan

Lepel H. Griffin[1] writes that the Raja of Faridkot was the head of the Burar tribe, and ruled a territory 643 squire miles in extent, with a revenue of about Rs. 80,000. Of the ancestor who gave this name to the tribe mention has already been made and Sangar was the next of the family of whom, tradition takes any notice, the founder of Chakran, now a deserted village in the district of Kot Kapura. The story is told that in the reign of the Emperor Akbar, the Muhammadan Bhattis of Sirsa and the Burars quarreled about their boundaries, and both parties went to Dehli to ask the Emperor to adjudicate between them. Bhallan,


* Agent Governor General to Political Agent, 28th April 1890; Political Agent to Agent Governor General, 31st Augast 1836.
† Ante, p. 4.

[Page-601]

the son of Sangar, represented the Burar clan, and Mansur, who was supposed to have influence at Court, one of his daughters being in the royal harem, was the champion of the Bhattis. The Emperor gave them an audience in open Durbar, and, as was customary, presented them with turbans and a dress of honour. Mansur at once began to wind the muslin round his head, when Sangar snatched it from him. A scuffle ensued in which the turban was torn in two. The Emperor was amused at the quarrel and said that his decision would correspond with the length of the pieces of muslin which each had managed to retain. On being measured the fragments were found exactly equal in length, and the Bhattiana and Burar boundary was accordingly laid down on a principle of equality, half the disputed country being given to either claimant. This tradition is preserved by the Burars in a well known line—

Bhallan chira phari Akbar ka Darbar.*

In the days of Bhallan the Burars held Kot Kapura, Faridkot, Mari, Mudki and Muktsar, and he was appointed by the Dehli Government Chaudhri or headman of the tribe. On his death, without male issue, Kapura, the son of his brother Lala, succeeded him as Chaudhri. Kapura was born in 1628 and succeeded his uncle in 1643. He was a brave and able man and consolidated the Burar possessions, winning many victories over his neighbours the Bhattis and others.


* Balan tore the turban in Akbar's Darbar.

जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज

संगरसिंह फरीदकोट के राजा वराड़ वंशी जाट सिख थे। जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज से इनका इतिहास नीचे दिया जा रहा है।

संगरसिंह जिस समय गद्दी पर बैठे थे, उस वक्त बादशाह बाबर (1483 – 1530) का जमाना था। संगरसिंह का कायम मुकाम चक्कर या चक्कर के कोट कपूरा में था। संगरसिंह बहुत से मवेशी रखते थे, जिनकी तादाद कई हजार थी और इस मवेशी के कई गिरोह थे।

बादशाह बाबर से मुलाकात - बादशाह बाबर (1483 – 1530) भी एक बार इस चक्कर के जंगल में शिकार खेलने आया। संगरसिंह के गौकरों ने बादशाह का, जब कि वह धूप से बहुत प्यासा था, सत्कार किया। बस इसी कारण संगर और बादशाह में मुलाकात हो गई। इस शाही मुलाकात से संगरसिंह और उसकी औलाद ने काफी लाभ उठाया। जब हुमायूं और शेरशाह सूरी में लड़ाई हुई उस समय संगरसिंह ने हुमायूं की सहायता की। इनके जमाने में जितनी भी जमीन उनके कब्जे में थी, उस पर बहुत ही कम महसूल लिया जाता था जो कि नहीं के बराबर था। सारी प्रजा के लोग लड़ाई के वक्त में सेना में भर्ती हो जाते थे। जंगली कौमों का गिरोह जो इनकी हिमायत में आता, वह हर तरह तसल्ली पाता था। संगरसिंह के दो रानियां थीं - एक विवाहिता, दूसरी करेवा की हुई। विवाहिता रानी के आठ बेटे थे -

(1) भुल्लन, (2) लालसिंह, (3) जोधासिंह, (4) चौधासिंह, (5) घूरीसिंह, (6) औगरसिंह, (7) ज्ञानसिंह, (8) दैवसिंह।

दूसरी रानी जो कि इनके छोटे भाई की विधवा थी


जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज, पृष्ठान्त-441


और इन्होंने भाई के लड़ाई में मारे जाने के बाद उसके साथ विवाह कर लिया था। उसके छः लड़के हुए -

(1) सूरतसिंह, (2) रजादसिंह, (3) यक्कू, (4) पीरू, (5) रावल, (6) नन्द।

References


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