Zhob River

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Indus River and its tributaries

Zhob River (Pashto: ژوب سيند‎) is located in Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The total length of the Zhob River is 410 km, and it flows on a generally northeasterly course.

Origin of name

Linguistically the name is Irano-Aryan in origin and compares etymologically to those of the Little Zab and Great Zab rivers in the Tigris Basin. In the Pashto language, Zhob means "oozing water".[1]


The older name Yavyāvati/Yavyavati of the Rigveda may refer to the Zhob River.[2]


The Zhob River originates in the Kan Metarzai range (Tsari Mehtarazai Pass). It passes about 4 km west of the city of Zhob. As a tributary of the Gomal River, which it joins near Khajuri Kach, it forms a part of the Indus River Basin.

The Zhob River is used to irrigate the land in northern Balochistan along with the Gomal River, making the fertile soil available for agriculture.


  1. "Zhob District". Khyber Gateway.
  2. Erdosy, George (1995). The Indo-Aryans of Ancient South Asia: Language, Material Culture and Ethnicity. Indian Philology and South Asian Studies, volume 1. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. p. 317. ISBN 978-3-11-014447-5.

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