Buttar

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Buttar (Hini:बुटर[1] , Urdu: بٹر , Punjabi: ਬੁੱਟਰ) is a Jat clan. Its members live in the Pakistani Punjab and the Indian Punjab. Buttars in Pakistan follow Islam and those in India, follow Sikhism, they were one of the first groups of people to adopt Sikhism. Botar (बोटर), Buttar (बुट्टर), Jat clan is found in Amritsar.[2] Buttar (बुट्टर), a small Surajbansi Jat tribe found chiefly on the Upper Sutlej, who Came from the Lakki jungle and settled first in Gujranwala. Also found as a Hindu Jat clan in Montgomery.

Buttars in Sikh History

BHAI TARA SINGH the eighteenth century Sikh martyr, was a Buttar Jatt of the village Van, popularly known as Dall-Van because of its proximity to another village called Dall, in present day Amritsar district of the Punjab. His father, Gurdas Singh, had received the rites of the Khalsa in the time of Guru Gobind Singh, and had taken part in the battle of Amritsar (6 April 1709), in which Bhai Mani Singh led the Sikhs and in which Har Sahai, a revenue official of Patti, was killed at his (Gurdas Singh's) hands. Tara Singh, the eldest of the five sons of Gurdas Singh, was born around 1702. Receiving the rites of initiation from Bhai Mani Singh, he grew up to be a devout Sikh, skilled in the martial arts. As persistent persecution drove the Sikhs out of their homes to seek shelter in hills and forests, Tara Singh collected around him a band of desperadoes and lived defiantly at Van, where he, according to Ratan Singh Bharigu, Prachin Panth Prakash, possessed ajag'Iror landgrant. In his vara or enclosure made with thick piles of dried branches of thorny trees, he gave refuge to any Sikh who came to him to escape persecution. A government informer, Sahib Rai of Naushahra Pannuari, complained to the faujdar of Patti, Ja'far Beg, that Tara Singh harboured criminals. The faujdar sent a contingent of 25 horse and 80 foot to Van, but Tara Singh fought back and routed the invaders with several dead, including their commander, a nephew of the faujdar. Ja'far Beg reported the matter to Zakariya Khan, who sent a punitive expedition consisting of 2,000 horse, five elephants, 40 light guns and four cannononwheels under his deputy, Momin Khan. Tara Singh had barely 22 men with him at that time. They kept the Lahore force at bay through the night, but were killed to a man in the hand-to-hand fight on the following day. This happened on 24 December 1732. A Gurdwara now marks the site where Tara Singh and his companions were cremated.

Distribution in Pakistan

Buttar is One of the larger Jat clans, found throughout the central districts. Prior to partition, a good many were found in Amritsar, Jalandhar and Ludhiana. The following are the villages where Buttars dominate:

India

References


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