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Dhandhuka on Ahmedabad district map

Dhandhuka (धंधुक) is a city in Ahmedabad district in Gujarat, India. Dhandhuka was Abu Paramara ruler who rebelled against Bhimdeo or Bhima I (r. c. 1022–1064 CE) Solanki king of Anahilapataka (called Naharwala by the medieval Muslim historians).


Dhandhuka is located at 22.37°N 71.98°E. It has an average elevation of 24 metres. The city is 105 km from District center Ahmedabad, on state highway to Bhavnagar.


Dhandhuka is said to have been founded by, and to take its name from, Dhana Mer (koli), or rather Mehd, the second of the thirteen sons of the Sonang Mehd who in early times came into Gujarat from Sind. No specific year is mentioned in Rasmala by Alexander Kinloch Forbes. Having no son, Dhan Mehd is said to have given the town as a Krishna, or lasting, gift to a party of 400 Brahman refugees from the wrath of Ebhal Walo, chief of Wala.

According to another account, the town is said to be called after Shri Dhandhiu of the Chaulukya dynasty who married the daughter of Mularaja Chaulukya's predecessor.

In the twelfth century Dhandhuka became famous as the birthplace of the great Jain teacher Hemchandra and in his honour Chaulukya king Kumarapala (1143-1174) raised a temple over his birthplace. Under the Muslims and Marathas, Dhandhuka kept its position as a country town, its fortune being almost always linked with the fortune of Dholka. Along with Dholka it was ceded to the British in 1802.[1]

The great Jain saint Acharya Shri Hemchandracharya (famous as Kalikal Sarvagya) born in 1088 A.D. into the Modha Vanik (merchant) caste, in the town of Dhandhuka, sixty miles from the city Ahmedabad in Gujarat State., who died in 1173 A. D. The Chudasama was a Certain Ruler of Junagadh, who came here from Junagadh and ruled here.

Abu Paramara ruler Dhandhuka

The Paramara branch of Arbuda (Abu) had been feudatories of the Chaulukyas since Mularaja's reign. However, sometime before 1031 CE, the Abu Paramara ruler Dhandhuka rebelled against Bhimdeo or Bhima I (r. c. 1022–1064 CE). Bhima I defeated him, and appointed Vimala as the new dandapati (governor) of Arbuda.[2] Vimala commissioned the shrine of Adinatha at Mount Abu in 1031 CE, so Dhandhuka's rebellion must have happened before this year.[3]

Dhandhuka took shelter with Raja Bhoja, the Paramara king of Malwa. According to Jinaprabha Suri's Tirtha Kalpa, Bhima later restored Dhandhuka as his vassal.[4]

Vasantgadh Inscription of Purnapala V.S 1099 (1042 AD) tells that Dhandhuka's son Purnapala was ruling over Arbuda-mandala as a Maharajadhiraja ("king of great kings"), after having defeated his enemy. This suggests that the Paramaras of Arbuda may have again rebelled against Bhima I's authority.[5] However, the area was back under Bhima's control by 1062 CE, as attested by an inscription of Vimala.[6]

Vasantgadh Inscription of Purnapala V.S 1099 (1042 AD) provides genealogy of Dhandhuka in Verse 3: that through the anger of (the sage) Vasishtha there was produced a youth, or prince (kumara) from whom the Pramara (or Paramara) family took its origin. In his lineage there was Utpalaraja (उत्पलराज); from him sprang Aranyaraja (अरण्यराज ), and from him Adbhutakrishnaraja. His son (or, if a name should have been lost at the commencement of line 4, his son's son.) was Mahipala (महिपाल), and from him sprang Dhandhuka (धन्धुक ). To Dhandhuka there was born from his wife Amritadevi Purnapala (अमृतादेवी पूर्णपल ), who ruled the Arbuda territory. In his reign, his younger sister Lahini was married by king Vigraha (Vigraharaja).

In Harsha Inscription

Harsha Inscription gives us following information about the villages gifted by Simharaja and his decendants to Harshanatha in V.S. 1030 (973 AD):

L-37: did religiously convey Patakaddaya (Patauda ?) and Pallika villages from svabhoga district Pattabadaka , whose revenues were possessed by themselves, with a deed of gift entirely written with their own hand, even to the prescribed formal enumeration [of name, family, date, etc], having first taken the holy water; thus having made a record to all future times.
The blessed Dhandhuka, though unconquered by the subjects of Sinharaja, did, nevertheless, by permission of his liege lord, make over the village of Mayūrapura (Mordunga), whose revenues were received by himself, in the district of Khadgakupa (Khandela Sikar).

External links


  1. Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency: Ahmedabad. Government Central Press. 1879. pp. 334–335.
  2. Asoke Kumar Majumdar 1956, p. 49.
  3. Krishna Narain Seth (1978). The Growth of the Paramara Power in Malwa. Progress.p.180-181.
  4. Krishna Narain Seth 1978, pp. 180-181.
  5. Asoke Kumar Majumdar 1956, p. 49.
  6. Asoke Kumar Majumdar 1956, p. 50.

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