- For the gotra see Kaliya
Variants of name
- Kalanaga (कालानाग)
- Kaliyanaga (कालियनाग)
- Kalayavana (कालयवन)
- Kaliya (कालिय)
- Kāliya (कालिय)
- Kali (काली)
Jat Gotras from Kaliya
Kaliya In Hindu mythology
Kaliya in Hindu mythology, was the name of a poisonous hydra or Naga living in the Yamuna River. The water of the Yamuna for four leagues all around him boiled and bubbled with poison. No bird or beast could go near, and only one solitary kadamba tree grew on the river bank.
The proper home of Kāliyā was Ramanaka Dwipa, but he had been driven away from there by fear of Garuda, the foe of all serpents. Garuda had been cursed by a yogi dwelling at Brindaban, so that he could not come to Brindaban without meeting his death. Therefore Kāliyā lived at Brindaban, the only place where Garuda could not come.
Once Krishna and herd-boys were playing ball, and while playing Krishna climbed up the Kadamba tree and hung over the river bank, the ball fell into the river and Krishna jumped after it. Kāliyā rose up with his hundred and ten hoods vomiting poison and wrapped himself around Krishna's body. Krishna became so huge that Kāliyā had to release him. So Krishna saved himself from every attack, and when he saw the Brij folk were so much afraid he suddenly sprang into Kāliyā's head and assumed the weight of the whole universe, and danced on the Naga's heads, beating time with his feet. Then Kāliyā began to die. But then the Naga's wives came and prayed to Krishna with joined palms, worshipping Krishna and praying for their husband.
Kāliyā, recognizing the greatness of Krishna, surrendered, promising he would not harass anybody. So Krishna pardoned him and then let him go free to leave the river and go to Ramanaka Dwipa.
A king of Kaliramna gotra (clan) in Nagavansh Kshatriyas, known as Kaliya, was the ruler near Mathura, on the banks of Yamuna River. The ancient fort of Kaliramna is in ruins near Mathura. His fort was known as fort of Kalidheh. The famous episode of Mahabharata regarding Lord Krishna’s killing of a black python, Kaliya, is related with some Nagavanshi ruler from this gotra. With the killing of Kaliya Naga, Krishna brought the end of this clan’s rule in Brij.
From Mathura they went to Kabul-Ghazni with other other Jats - Yadavas. They founded the Kingdom of Garh - Ghazni. During rise of Islam they came back to Bhatner- Sirsa. According to their bards they founded the old village of Patan and Siswad. From Patan Chaudhary Sishu came to Sisai. His brother Sunda founded village Sandwa and Salaywala.
Oothukkadu in Tamilnadu, Tanjore district, is said to have a svayambhu (self-formed) image of this scene.
The episode is remembered as the 'Kalinga Nartana'.
- Sister Nivedita & Ananda K.Coomaraswamy: Myths and Legends of the Hindus and Bhuddhists (p.226), Kolkata, 2001 ISBN 81-7505-197-3
- Bhagavata Purana, Canto Ten, Chapter 16 The account of Krishna and Kaliya, as told in the Bhagavata Purana. (Full Sanskrit text online, with translation and commentary.)
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