Sunda

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Sunda

Sunda(सुंडा) Soonda (सूंडा) [1] [2] gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab. In addition to it, the Sondi clan people are also found in Afghanistan.[3]

Mention by Panini

Shundika (शुंडिक) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]

History

Megasthenes has described this clan as Sondrae (Sunda) along with The Soleadae (Solath), inhabiting the base of Caucasus (see - Jat clans as described by Megasthenes)


V. S. Agrawala [5] writes Panini makes a general reference to Sources of Revenue as āyasthāna. Specific mention is made of śauṇḍika or income derived from excise. (IV.3.76). Kautilya states that the excise department was maintained as a state monopoly. śuṇḍika was the name of distilling plant, so called from the elongated condenser tube (Shundika) attached to the pot. Several specimen have been found at Takshasila from Kushana level.


Bhim Singh Dahiya[6] mentions about one Sunda inscription of Sinda chief Chavunda, which says that:

“just as Amravati looked ever beautiful with Indra, or Ayodhya with the descendant of Raghu, Mathura with Govinda, Ujjayani with Gutta, and Hastinapura with the son of Marut (Bhima); so also Erambarapura attained gracefulness with Sinda chief Chavunda”.

It needs proper interpretation in what sense Sunda and Gutta are used.

As per the bards of Sunda people they were originally at Pushkar from where they moved to village Khojas in Didwana tahsil in nagaur district. From Khojas they moved to Jerthi and then to Kudan village. Kudan is the biggest village Sundas where there are 300 families.

We find a person named Sunda in the history of Vijayvargiya community also. Vijayvargiya's ancestral person was Dhanapala, minister of Khangal Chauhan, Maharaja of Khandela. Dhanapala had four sons:Bija, Mahesh, Khandu and Sunda. These four persons originated four clans: BijaVijayvargiya clan, MaheshMaheshvari clan, KhanduKhandelwal clan and Sunda (सुंडा) - Sarawagi clan. [7]

According to H.A. Rose[8] Jat clans derived from Puniar are: Sonda and Tarar

According to James Todd[9]Sunda is mentioned as one of the twenty-four branches of Rathors.

Villages founded by Sunda clan

Sunda in mythology

In Ramayana

Bala Kanda - Bala Kanda Sarga 25 mentions Sage Vishvamitra narrating the birth, marriage and curse of demoness Tataka. The shloka 10 mentions that when Sunda is eliminated by sage Agastya's curse, she that Tataka wished to retaliate that eminent sage along with her son Mareecha. [1-25-10]. [10]

In Mahabharata

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 describes Kings who presented tributes to Yudhishthira. Shundika (शुण्डिक) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.48.15).[11]

Adi Parva

Adi Parva - The story of Sunda and Upasunda is found in the Mahabharata, Book I: Adi Parva, Sections 211 ff. An online version of the Mahabharata in English translation is available at sacred-texts.com.

A mythological character from the great epic Mahabharata, Sunda was an asura prince and the brother of Upasunda. The brothers grew up to be very powerful and were always of one mind. Together, they embarked on a campaign of world domination that began with a program of extreme asceticism in the mountains. Their asceticism generated such extreme heat that the gods themselves became exceedingly alarmed. Unsuccessfully, the gods attempted to distract the brothers through the enticement of maidens and by means of disturbing illusions of rampaging Rakshasas. Finally, Brahma agreed to grant the brothers a boon, on condition that they desist from their asceticism. The brothers agreed to the condition, and received the boon of being completely invulnerable, except that they could be killed by each other. Leaving the mountains, Sunda and Upasunda returned home, mustered an army, and proceeded to conquer and to devastate the entire world. They even drove the gods from their celestial abode. Finally, Brahma was again moved to action. He created the beautiful apsara Tilottama and ordered her to cause dissent between the brothers. Tilottama found Sunda and Upasunda in the countryside with their retinue, drinking and celebrating their victories. Beholding Tilottama, they immediately fell to fighting over her, and ended up killing each other. Thus was the world order reestablished.

Sabha Parva

Sabha Parva - Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 mentions about Kings who presented tribute unto Yudhishthira. Sunda have been mentioned in sholaka 15 along with Kukuras and Shakas: [12]

Vana Parva

Sundaka - Listed in Karna digvijaya (III.241.42).

Bhisma Parva

Bhisma Parva - Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes the province of Sundas along with Manda in Book 6:Chapter 10 shloka 42 as under: [13]

Karna Parva

Karna Parva - Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 30 uses harsh words blaming the Vahikas and Madrakas. Shloka 70 here mentions Sunda also. [14]

Karna Parva - Karna Parva/Mahabharata Book VIII Chapter 51 mentions about numberless Kshatriyas also, wrathful and fierce, hailing from diverse provinces, have been destroyed by thee on the seventeenth day of Mahabharata war . This list includes Sunda along with Andhrakas, Pulindas etc in shloka 19. [15]

In Puranas

Vishnu Purana - Sundas have been mentioned as Surúńd́as as rulers of Magadha in Vishnu_Purana/Book_IV:Chapter_XXIV[16] along with Marúńd́as and Purúńd́as. Vishnu Purana[17] gives list of Kings who ruled Magadha. ...After these, various races will reign, as seven Ábhíras, ten Garddhabas, sixteen Śakas, eight Yavanas, fourteen Tusháras, thirteen Muńd́as, eleven Maunas, altogether seventy-nine princes , who will be sovereigns of the earth for one thousand three hundred and ninety years.

  • Ábhíras, 7, M.; 10, V;
  • Avabhriti, 7, Bhág.
  • Garddabhins, 10, M. V. Bhág.
  • Śakas, 18, M. V.;
  • Kankas, 16, Bhág.
  • Yavanas, 8, M. V. Bhág.
  • Tusháras, 14, M. V.;
  • Tushkaras, 14, Bhág.
  • Marúńd́as, 13, V.;
  • Purúńd́as, 13, M.;
  • Surúńd́as, 10, Bhág.
  • Maunas, 18, V.;
  • Húńas, 19, M.;
  • Maulas, 11, Bhág.

Total--85 kings, Váyu; 89, Matsya; 76, and 1399 years, Bhág.

Here Sunda and Munda words have been sanskritized in these forms, like Jat as Jarta and Gujar as Gurjara.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur district

Gandhi Nagar, C-Scheme, Purani Basti,Tonk Road, Bhawani Singh Road, Tonk Road, Suraj Nagar,

Villages in Jaipur district

Bhojpura Kalan (150), Hirnoda (2), Ishwarsinghpura, Sunda Ki Dhani, Sundon Ka Bas,

Villages in Sikar district

Beri Sikar, Bhojdesar, Bidsar, Birodi, Chachiwad Bara, Dhani Sunda (ढाणी सुंडा), Dippura Rajaji, Goriyan, Jerthi, Karanpura, Khojas, Kudan, Manda, Mordoonga, Raghunathpura (Khud), Shekhiwas, Shyampura West, Shyorana Ka Bas, Sikar,

Villages in Churu district

Ginri Patta Rajpura, Ratanpura Churu, Rukhasar, Sardarshahar, Somasi, Sujangarh (5), Thirpali Bari, Udsar Lodera,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Bahadurwas, Khojawas, Patusari[18],

Villages in Nagaur district

Balsamand Nagaur, Lalas Nagaur, Udrasar Nagaur (8),

Villages in Tonk district

Kathmana (3),

Villages in Jodhpur district

Sunda Nagar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Sardargarhia,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Dewas district

Khal,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Hisar district

Sundawas (सुंडावास),

Villages in Sirsa district

Munnawali,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Patiala district

Sundran village is in Samana tahsil in Patiala district in Punjab.

Notable persons

  • चौधरी श्री भगवान सिंह सुण्डा - ग्राम-भोजदेसर, पोस्ट-शेखीसर, वाया-रोलसाबसर, तहसील-फतेहपुर शेखावाटी, जिला-सीकर (राजस्थान) - पूर्व उप सरपंच एवं साक्षरता ग्राम गोदनामा पट्टा धारक। जन्म वर्ष-1928 एवम् महाप्रयाण दिनांक-23.12.2014 (चौधरी चरण सिंह जयंती)।
  • रामलाल सिंह सुण्डा पुत्र स्व. श्री भगवान सिंह सुण्डा - ग्राम-भोजदेसर, पोस्ट-शेखीसर, वाया-रोलसाबसर, तहसील-फतेहपुर शेखावाटी, जिला-सीकर (राजस्थान)- भूतपूर्व सैनिक एवं भूतपूर्व R.O., Customs & Central Excise Department, Dwarka (Gujrat).
  • जगवीर सिंह सुण्डा पुत्र श्री रामलाल सिंह सुण्डा - ग्राम-भोजदेसर, पोस्ट-शेखीसर, वाया-रोलसाबसर, तहसील-फतेहपुर शेखावाटी, जिला-सीकर (राजस्थान)
  • प्रेम सिंह सुण्डा पुत्र श्री रामलाल सिंह सुण्डा - ग्राम-भोजदेसर, पोस्ट-शेखीसर, वाया-रोलसाबसर, तहसील-फतेहपुर शेखावाटी, जिला-सीकर (राजस्थान)- वर्तमान में स्टेनोग्राफर, भारतीय डाक विभाग, मण्डल कार्यालय, सीकर (राजस्थान)।ई-मेल- premssingh86@gmail.com
  • LNK Shamsher Singh Sunda - The Grenadiers Regiment, OP Rakshak (J&K) 04-09-2000, Rajasthan
  • Balbir Singh Sunda - Chairman, Shri Adarsh B.Ed.College , Sri Dungargarh, Mob.No.- 9214455271
  • Banwari Lal Sunda- Manager Bank of Baroda, Village - Bhojdesar, Fatehpur ,Sikar, Present Address : 22/9/3, Sawarn Path, Mansarover, Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2391977, Mob: 9887254012
  • Narendra Singh Sunda- Chief Manager Central Bank Of India, Village- Bhojdesar, Fatehpur,Sikar. Present Address : 22/9/3, Sawarn Path, Mansarover, Jaipur, Phone Number : 0141-2391977, Mobile Number : 9413635256
  • R. S. Sunda - AGM PNB, Date of Birth : 3-August-1956, Village.-Bhojdesar,Fatehpur,Sikar, Present Address : 22/9/3, Sawarn Path, Mansarover, Jaipur. D-903, Surya Vihar, Kapashera Border, Gurgaon. Resident Phone Number : 0124- 2360886, Mobile Number : 9650852225, Email Address : rssunda@gmail.com
  • Prakash Chandra Sunda - A.En. PHED, Date of Birth : 22-November-1958, VPO- Kudan, Sikar, Present Address : Piprali Road, Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-258944, Mobile Number : 9983041897
  • Harlal Singh Sunda - Date of Birth : 19-May-1947, X.En .(Retd.) AVVNL Present Address : Behind Shiv Mandir Cinema, Anand Nagar, Fatehpur Road,Sikar, Phone: 01572-272597, Mob: 9414772619, Email Address : himanshu_ch007@yahoo.co.in
  • Ram Kumar Singh (Sunda) - RPS Addl. SP (Retd.), Date of Birth : 30-October-1944, VPO- Kudan, Sikar, Raj, Present Address : A-12, HAri Nagar, Shashtri Nagar, Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2301685, Mob: 9351553482

Gallery of Sunda people

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-34
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.63,s.n. 2494
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.29
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.114
  5. V. S. Agrawala :India as Known to Panini, p. 413-414
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.xiii
  7. पीपुल्स समाचार:भोपाल, 28 सितम्बर 2010
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  9. Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I, Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,p.106
  10. सुन्दे तु निहते राम सा अगस्त्यम् ऋषि सत्तमम् ।ताटका सह पुत्रेण प्रधर्षयितुम् इच्छति ॥१-२५-१०॥
  11. शौण्डिकाः कुक्कुराश चैव शकाश चैव विशां पते, अङ्गा वङ्गाश च पुण्ड्राश च शानवत्या गयास तदा (II.48.15)
  12. शौण्डिकाः कुक्कुराश चैव शकाश चैव विशां पते, अङ्गा वङ्गाश च पुण्ड्राश च शानवत्या गयास तदा (Mahabharata:II.4815)
  13. गॊविन्दा मन्दकाः षण्डा विदर्भानूपवासिकाः, अश्मकाः पांसुराष्ट्राश च गॊप राष्ट्राः पनीतकाः Mahabharata (VI.10.42)
  14. मानुषाणां मलं मेच्छा मेच्छानां मौष्टिका मलम, मौष्टिकानां मलं शण्डाः शण्डानां राजयाजकाः (Mahabharata:VIII.30.70)
  15. अन्ध्रकाश च पुलिन्थाश च किराताश चॊग्रविक्रमाः,
    मलेच्छाश च पार्वतीयाश च सागरानूपवासिनः, संरम्भिणॊ युथ्धशौण्डा बलिनॊ थृब्ध पाणयः (Mahabharata:VIII.51.19)
  16. The Vishnu Purana, translated by Horace Hayman Wilson, 1840, p. 475
  17. Vishnu Purana/Book IV:Chapter XXIV pp.474-476
  18. User:AshishDangi

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