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Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क
Mud Fort, Kuchesar
Location of Siana in Bulandshahr district

Kuchesar (कुचेसर) is village in Siana tahsil in Bulandshahar district in Uttar Pradesh.


Kuchesar town is situated in present Bulandshahr district located at a distance of 80 km from Delhi.

The founders

Dalal dynasty of Kuchesar

Ram Sarup Joon[1] writes that ... Four brothers belonging to this dynasty, Bahal Singh, Jag Ram, Jit Mal and Gurwa, came and settled down in Kuchesar from Mandothi of Rohtak District. They were enthusiastic. Gurwa occupied Chandausi pargana and his descendants settled down there.

History of the Jats, End of Page-176

Chatur Singh, grand son of Bahai Singh, occupied some villages in Chatsana paragana. His sons Mangani Ram and Ram Dhan, were very brave. They joined the Army of Jawahar Singh and accomplished great feats of bravery in the battle of Delhi. After the retreat of Jawahar Singh, Wazir Najibuddulph granted them a Jagir of nine Parganas and made them his allies. In 1772 Siyab Khan, on a complaint from the merchants of Saukri, destroyed the forts of Kuchesar, Siyana and Sakrati and arrested them. In 1782 they again became masters of Kuchesar and in 1790 Shah Alam granted them a Jagir with an annual income of Rs. 4 Lakhs in Puth Thana, Farida and Saidpur.


It was the princely state of Dalal gotra Jats in Uttar Pradesh in India. The Jat rulers of Kuchesar, who hail from Mandoti in Haryana, built their mud-fort somewhere in the mid 18th century. The Mud Fort of Kuchesar tells of the chequered history of the Jats who vied with the Sikhs, Marathas, Rohillas & Rajputs as well as French adventurers and the East India Company, to fill the vacuum of the declining Mughal power. The family traces its adventurous descent from the Jats of the Dalal clan. Around 1630 Dalal gotra Jats inhabited this area. Bhual, Jagram, Jatmal and Gurva were four brothers in Dalal gotra Jat family who founded the Kuchesar State.

William Crooke in his book "The Tribes and Castes of the North Western Provinces and Avadh" has written about the origin of Dalal gotra. William Crooke has mentioned that Deswal, Dalle [Dalal ?] and Maan were three sons from Dhannaray Jat and Badgujar Rajput woman of village Sillauti of Rohtak in Haryana. The descendants of the three sons were known as Deswal, Dalal and Maan Jats respectively.

Bhual had one son Maujiram. Maujiram had two sons namely Ramsingh and Chhatar Singh. Chhatar Singh was very brave. Chhatar Singh, the grandson of Bhual, served with Mirza Ali Beg, the Jagirdar of Chitsauna, obtaining both power and a large estate. His sons joined Jawahar Singh, the Jat ruler of Bharatpur to avenge the death of his father Maharaja Suraj Mal. Najib-ud-daulah recalled them back and offered the jagir of Kuchesar with the title of Rao and the office of 'chormar', destroyer of thieves.

After the war of Nazibuddualla, the Mir Bakshi of Delhi, with Maharaja Jawahar Singh, the representative of Delhi ruler at Aligarh attacked Kuchesar. Dalal Jats were defeated. In 1763, the Jat Fort of Kuchesar was captured and razed. Rao Maganiram and Ramdhan Singh were arrested and imprisoned in the Fort of Koyal. The two brothers escaped from there and reached Muradabad and aligned with Marathas.

In 1782 Maganiram and Ramdhan Singh attacked the Muslim ruler of Kuchesar and recaptured it. Rao Maganiram died after this victory. His younger brother married with the wife of Maganiram as per Jat customs. By 1790 Ramdhan Singh recaptured his entire state of Kuchesar. He also acquired Pooth, Siana, Thana Farida, Datyane and Saidpur on Malguzari lease from Delhi ruler. Since 1782 the Kuchesar Mud fort remained with the family, which was granted a perpetual lease in 1790 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Alam and then by the British in 1807.

After the fall of Mughal Rule when the British Government came in power they also recognized, in 1803, the rights of Kuchesar state same as that in the Mugal rulers. Rao Ramdhansingh died in 1816. Rao Fatehsingh then became the ruler of the Kuchesar state. Rao Fatehsingh died in 1839 and his son Rao Bahadur Singh became the ruler who was killed in 1847. In 1857 Raja Gulab Singh helped the British government. He died in 1859. Raja Gulab Singh had no son. He had one daughter Bhup Kumari. After Rani Jaswant Kumari, Bhup Kumari became the ruler. She had no progeny. Bhup Kumari was married to Raja Khusal Singh, nephew of Raja Nahar Singh, of Ballabhgarh. So after the death of Bhup Kumari, Khusal Singh became Ruler. In 1868 the Panchayat Court divided the state into three parts: 5/16 to Pratap Singh, 6/16 to Umrao Singh and rest 5/16 to Khusal Singh. In 1898 Umrao Singh died and Rao Giriraj Singh got his portion to rule.

Kuchesar Jat ruling Dynasty

The chronological order of Kuchesar Jat rulers is as under:

कुचेसर का किला

राव राज विलास के नाम से भी जाना जाने वाला यह किला 18वीं शताब्दी का किला है। यह पौराणिक धरोहर, अजीत सिंघ के परिवार की पैतृक संपत्ति है जिनकी कुचेसर में रियासत थी। सन् 1734 में बना यह किला चारों ओर से 100 एकड़ में फैले आम के बागों से घिरा हुआ है। इस किले की सन् 1998 में फिर से नीमराना होटल की देखरेख में मरम्मत की गयी। जाट शासकों द्वारा बनाया गया यह किला होटल मड किले के नाम से विश्वप्रसिद्ध है।[2]


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