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Badgujar (बड़गूजर)[1]/ Bargujar (बरगूजर)[2] Badgujar (वड़गूजर)[3] Burgujar is gotra of Jats in Haryana and in Uttar Pradesh. [4] They are also found in Brahmans, Rajputs,Gujars, Meos etc. James Tod places it in the list of Thirty Six Royal Races.[5]


Gujar is derived from Gujaranwala now Gujarat. 'Bad' is added to pay respect to someone. They are descendants of elder brother hence Bar is added with Gujar. They are Chandravanshi but consider themselves to have originated from Lava-Kusha. [6]


According to James Todd[7] Bargujar race is Suryavansi, and the only one, with the exception of the Guhilot, which claims from Lava, the elder son

[p.141]: of Rama, The Bargujar held considerable possessions in Dhundhar and their capital was the hill fortress of Rajor in the principality of Macheri. The ruins of Rajor are about fifteen miles west of Rajgarh. A person sent there by the author reported the existence of inscriptions in the temple of Nilkantha Mahadeo. Rajgarh and Alwar were also their possessions. The Bargujars were expelled these abodes by the Kachhwahas. A colony found refuge and a new residence at Anupshahr on the Ganges.

H.A. Rose[8] writes that Badgujar/Bargujar (बड़गुजर), a class (or possibly rank) found among the Brahmans, Rajputs, Meos and possibly other tribes, as well as often along with Gujars. Thus the Bargujar Rajputs about Bhundsi in Gurgaon border on villages held by Gujars, and in one village there Gujars hold most of the village and Bargujar Rajputs the rest. Similarly in Basdalla near Punahana in Gurgaon Meos hold most of the village and Gujars the rest. (Sir J. Wilson, K.C.S.I., in P. N. Q. I., § 130). But according to Ibbetson, the Bargujar are one of the 36 royal Rajput families, and the only one except the Gahlot which claims descent from Lawa, son of Ram Chandra. Their connection with the Mandahar is noticed under Mandahar. They are of course of Solar race. Their old capital was Rajor, the ruins of which are still to be seen in the south of Alwar, and they held much of Alwar and the neighbouring parts of Jaipur till dispossessed by the Kachwaha. Their head-quarters are now at Anupshahr on the Ganges, but there is still a colony of them in Gurgaon on the Alwar border. Curiously enough, the Gurgaon Bargujar say that they came from Jullundur about the middle of the 15th century ; and it is certain that they are not very old holders of their present capital of Sohna, as the buildings of the Kambohs who held it before them are still to be seen there and are of comparatively recent date.

The early history of Rajgarh is related with Bargujar rulers. Vyaghraraja or Bagh Raja was a Bargujar ruler in 3rd century who established this ancient city. He constructed a tank which is called Baghola Talab after him. He is worshiped as a folk deity in this area. Later in this dynasty was a notable ruler called Rajadeva Bargujar, who gave name to this city.[9]

--- James Tod[10] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the ruler of Bargujar. The Mori and Bargujar also joined with the Catchwahas of Anterved.

Afrasiyab's campaign in the Doab

Qanungo[11] writes.... [p.175]: Raja Suraj Mal had sown well the seeds of liberty and ambition in the heart of every Jat. If the parent-tree of the Jat State was withering in the land of Braj, its off-shoots grew up vigorously on newer soils and kept up the hope and faith of the people in their great political destiny. During the four years of the comparative neglect of the Doab by the Mughal Government since the battle of Dankaur, several Jat leaders, on their individual initiative, had been carrying on war with the object of carving out small principalities for themselves. Theyhad not only created powerful diversion to draw off a part of the Mughal army, but also found means to "send secret help to the besieged at Deeg" [Ibratnama, p. 289]. Mirza Najaf Khan sent Afrasiyab Khan1 to subdue them and restore order and peace in the Doab. Afrasiyab crossed the Jamuna with an army of fifteen thousand horse and a proportionate number of matchlockmen and guns. After having expelled from that region all the Jat officials who were the ring leaders of disturbance and rebellion, he laid siege to Aligarh. Jawahar Singh had spent a large sum of money in strengthening its fortifications,

1. Khair-ud-din is not definite about the date. He says, "It is said that when the seige of Deeg was prolonged the Amir-ul-umra sent Afrasiyab Khan" [MS. p. 289].

[p.176]: given it the name of RamgarhXXX (it having been known as Sabitgarh before his time), and made it the grand depot of ms military stores and treasure. After Afrasiyab Khan had reduced the garrison to great straits by a siege of several months, Raja Bhup Singh of Mudsan and Hathras 2

XXX. Sabit Khan, Governor of Koil region during the time of Farrukh-Siyar and Muhammad Shah built a fort three miles north of the town Koil and named it Sabitgarh. After the occupation of he Koil by the Jats the fort was renamed Ramgarh. According to News Letter dated 11th June l761, Surajmal was staying in Ramgarh, Mirza Najaf Khan with his lieutenant Afrasiyab Khan captured Ramgarh from the Jats in 1775 and named it Aligarh. In 1804, the Britishers named Koil as a separate district called Aligarh. J. M. Siddiqui, Aligarh District: A Historical Survey, p. 25-27,112.

Sabitgarh was named Ramgarh by Suraj Mal not by Jawahar Singh. Suraj Mal occupied Koil in Febraury 1753 from its faujdar Rao Bahadur Singh Burgujar. (सूदन,सुजान चरित) 98-103; Tarikh-i-Ahmad Shahi, 47a.) But the Jat garrison had to evacuate it (Tarikh-i-Ahmad Shahi, 105a, 106a) about the end of December 1753 because the Maratha and Mughal armies encircled the Jat heartland before the siege of Kumher fort. After Abdali's expedition against Jats in 1757 Malhar Rao Holkar and Imad, the sworn enemies of Raja Suraj Mal came to terms with him. At this opportune time ]]Suraj Mal]] not only re-established his out posts, along both the sides of Jamuna but also settled the tracks from Agra to Meerut. It can be inferred that during this period Ramgarh was made stronghold of the Jats. Abdali besieged Ramgarh in his second expedition on 25th March 1760 and after 19 days fort commander Durjan (Sal) Singh surrendered Ramgarh.(G.C. Dwivedi, The Jats: Their role in the Mughal Empire, p.180, f.n. 46; P.C. Chandawat, Maharaja Suraj Mal Aur Unka Yug, p.164, f.n.2.) In the post-Panipat period Suraj Mal captured Agra fort and he himself went to Koil in June 1761, encamped there and recovered his former possessions in that region. (S.P.D., II, 144; Rajwade, I, 285, 295) above News letter cited by Siddiqui also confirms that Suraj Mal was staying in Ramgarh in June 1761. Thus from 1761 to 1775 Ramgarh remained in the possession of the Jats. - Ed.

2. Hathras on E. I. Ry., 25 miles east of Mathura; Mudsan lies 8 miles west of Hathras. Another fort Bawal of the Ibratnama cannot be identified in the map. It may be a mistake for Jowar, a large village 10 miles from Hathras and 4 miles north-west of Mudsan. But this village has no trace of fortification. The first two places are situated between lat. 27°"-40' and long. 78°"-10'.

[p.177]: commenced hostilities in his rear. At the instigation of the Raja the peasants throughout the Doab refused to pay taxes and resisted the authority of Mughal Government. Afrasiyab, finding himself unequal to the task, summoned his master to his assistance.

कान्हा रावत

Kanha Rawat (कान्हा रावत) (born-1640, death-1684 AD) युवा होने पर उनका विवाह अलवर रियासत के गाँव धीका की कर्पूरी देवी के साथ कर दिया गया. उनके दो पुत्र हुए लेकिन शीघ्र ही कर्पूरी देवी स्वर्ग सिधार गई. कर्पूरी देवी के चल बसने के बाद रिश्तेदारों के आग्रह पर कान्हा ने गुडगाँव जिले के ग्राम घरोंट निवासी उदयसिंह बड़गुजर की पुत्री तारावती को दूसरी जीवन संगिनी बना लिया लेकिन कान्हा के भाग्य में कुछ और ही लिखा था. जिस दिन कान्हा घरोंट से तारावती का गौना लेकर लाये उसी दिन बहीन के रावतों को मुग़लों ने घेर लिया. वीर कान्हा और तारावती अपने होने से पहले ही बेगाने हो गए. कान्हा ४४ वर्ष की उम्र में अमर पथ का पथिक बन गया. [12]

साहित्यिक ग्रंथों और शिलालेखों में माचेड़ी का माचाडी या मत्स्यपुरी इत्यादि नामों से उल्लेखित किया गया है. पौराणिक मान्यताओं के अनुसार यह मत्स्य जनपद के अंतर्गत एक प्रमुख नगर और विराटनगर (बैराठ) की स्थापना से पूर्व उसकी राजधानी था. ऐतिहासिक साक्ष्यों से प्रकट होता है कि इस प्राचीन नगर की स्थापना बड़गुजर नरेश मत्स्यदेव ने 13 वीं शताब्दी के लगभग की थी तथा सम्भवतः अपने इस संस्थापक के नाम पर मत्स्यपुरी अथवा माचेड़ी के नाम से प्रसिद्ध हुआ.[13]

Machri Inscription of 1382 AD

माचेड़ी की बावली का लेख १३८२ ई. - माचेड़ी (अलवर जिला) की बावली वाले वि.सं. १४३९ के शिलालेख[14] में बड़गूजर शब्द का प्रयोग पहले पहल प्रयुक्त हुआ है. इस लेख से पता लगता है कि उक्त सम्वत में वैशाख सुदि ६ को सुल्तान फ़ीरोजसाह तुगलक के शासनकाल में माचेड़ी पर बड़गूजर वंश के राजा आसलदेव के पुत्र महाराजाधिराज गोगदेव का राज्य था. इस बावड़ी का निर्माण खंडेलवाल महाजन कुटुंब ने बनवाई थी.

इस शिलालेख में तत्कालीन सुलतान फिरोजशाह तुग़लक़ का उल्लेख होने से यह आभास होता है कि सम्भवतः माचेड़ी के राजा गोगादेव ने उसकी अधीनता स्वीकार करली थी. तदुपरांत माचेड़ी के बड़गुजर राजवंश में ईश्वरसेन अन्य प्रमुख शासक हुए हैं जिनकी रानी चम्पादेवी ने 1458 ई. में माचेड़ी में एक विशाल और भव्य निर्माण करवाया.[15]


विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[16] ने लेख किया है कि....बरन (AS, p.608)) बुलंदशहर (उत्तर प्रदेश) का प्राचीन नाम है. लगभग 800 ई. में मेवाड़ से भाग कर आने वाले दोर राजपूतों की एक शाखा ने बरन पर अधिकार कर लिया था. उन्होंने 1018 ई. में आक्रमणकारी महमूद गजनवी का डटकर सामना किया. अपने पड़ोसी तोमर राजाओं से भी वे मोर्चा लेते रहे किंतु बड़गुजरों से, जो तोमरों के मित्र थे, उन्हें दबना पड़ा. 1193 ई. में कुतुबुद्दीन एबक ने उनकी शक्ति को पूरी तरह से कुचल दिया. फतूहाते फिरोजशाही का प्रख्यात लेखक बरनी (Ziau-din Barni) बरन का ही रहने वाला था जैसा कि उसके उपनाम से सूचित होता है. मुसलमानों के शासन काल में बरन उत्तर भारत का महत्वपूर्ण नगर था. वरण नामक एक नगर का बुद्धचरित 21,25 में उल्लेख है. संभवत: यह बरन का ही संस्कृत रूप है. लोक प्रवाद है कि इस नगर की स्थापना जनमेजय ने की थी (दे. ग्राउज़, बुलंदशहर-- कलकता रिव्यू- 1818). जैन अभिलेख में इसे उच्छ नगर कहा गया है (एपीग्राफिका इंडिका-- जिल्द, पृ. 375) (दे. बुलंदशहर)

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Gurgaon District


Village in Faridabad District

Sagarpur Ballabhgarh, Nagla Jogian,

Village in Palwal District

Palwal, Gharot,

Notable persons

External links


  1. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.50, s.n. 1594
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ब-76
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. व-23
  4. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VIII, s.n. 47, p.585
  5. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races, pp.140-141
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 266
  7. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,pp.140-41
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.32
  9. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 28
  10. James Tod: Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume II,Annals of Haravati,p.414-416
  11. History of the Jats:Dr Kanungo/Reign of Raja Ranjit Singh Jat (1775-1805),pp. 175-177
  12. महिपाल आर्य:जाट ज्योति, मार्च २००९ - "बलिदानी वीरवर कान्हा रावत की अमर कहानी" पृष्ट 16
  13. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 31
  14. डॉ गोपीनाथ शर्मा: 'राजस्थान के इतिहास के स्त्रोत', 1983, पृ.128
  15. Dr. Raghavendra Singh Manohar:Rajasthan Ke Prachin Nagar Aur Kasbe, 2010,p. 32
  16. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.608
  17. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.514-515

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