|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Langali (लांगली) is a River mentioned in Mahabharata (2-9-26) which has not yet been identified.
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa
Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (eg., Lāṅgalī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1) Lāṅgali (लाङ्गलि).—A Vānara chief born of Svetā.*
2a) Lāṅgalī (लाङ्गली).—One of the four pupils of Pauṣyañji; a Śrutaṛṣi;1 composed six Samhitas.2
2b) Is Balarāma; entered Mithilā and was received with presents by Maithila; after having chastised Kṛṣṇa for having killed Śatadhanva when he did not have the Syamantaka saying that he could have nothing to do with Dvārakā or Kṛṣṇa; but entreated by the Vṛṣṇis and Andhakas, was brought back to Dvārakā; see Hala (Baladeva).*
2c) An avatār of the Lord in the 22nd dvāpara in Vārāṇasī with halā for weapon and with four righteous sons.*
2d) A mind-born mother.*
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 9 mentions the Kings Oceans and the Rivers who attended Sabha of Varuna. Langali River लाङ्गली is mentioned in Mahabharata (2-9-26a). ....the Sarayu, the Varavatya, and that queen of rivers the Langali, the Karatoya, the Atreyi, the Lauhitya....
Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 46 mentions how was the Lord of the waters (Varuna) installed. Langali Tirtha (लाङ्गली) is mentioned in Mahabharata (IX.46.23). .....Baladeva having repaired to that tirtha (Langali Tirtha) and bathed in its waters duly gave much wealth unto the Brahmanas.
लांगली नदी (AS, p.815) का उल्लेख महाभारत, सभापर्व में हुआ है- 'सरयूर्वारवत्याथ लांगली च सरिद्वारा, करतोया तथात्रेयी लौहित्यश्च महानद:।' महाभारत, सभापर्व 9,22. इस उल्लेख के अनुसार यह सरयू नदी के पूर्व में बहने वाली कोई नदी जान पड़ती है, जिसका अभिज्ञान अनिश्चित है। 
- सरयूर्वारवत्याऽथ लाङ्गली च सरिद्वरा। (2-9-26a), करतोया तथाऽऽत्रेयी लौहित्यश्च महानदः।। (2-9-26b)
- तत्रस्थम एव तं राजन धनानि निधयस तथा, उपतस्थुर नरश्रेष्ठ तत तीर्थं लाङ्गली ततः, गत्वा सनात्वा च विधिवद ब्राह्मणेभ्यॊ धनं ददौ (IX.46.23)
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.815
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