Padhawli

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R), Jaipur
Padhawli Fort
गढ़ी पढ़ावली, भारतीत पुरातत्व सर्वेक्षण

Padhawli (पढ़ावली) or Padhavli (पढ़ावली) is a historical village in Morena district, close to Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.

Location

Location of Mitawali, Padhavli & Bateshwar on Google Map

Padhawli is situated about 33 km from Gwalior on Malanpur-Morena road. Batesara, Padavali and Mitaoli are located in a distance of 5 kms in Morena District in Madhya Pradesh. The nearest airport is at Gwalior, which is 33 kms away.[1][2]

History

It is a site of Jat Rana fort under Gohad state. The monument here is the remnant of a fine temple of 10th century AD.[3] At Padhavli near Gwalior, a ruined temple from the 10th century shows a man within an orgiastic group receiving fellatio from another male.

The Jat Ranas of Gohad had occupied the fort of Gwalior and other smaller forts thrice:

Rana-Maratha treaty 2 November 1766

Though Rana Chhatra Singh defeated Marathas at Gohad on 2 November 1766, he still wished for treaty with Marathas for peace. Peace talks were started by Mahadji Sindhia and Nari Shankar from the side of Marathas with Chhatra Singh. Rana of Gohad agreed to pay Rs 11 lakh under the treaty out of which Rs. 2 lakh were to be paid in cash and rest in installments. [10] [11]

The 2 November 1766 defeat of Marathas by Jats enraged Raghunath Rao, who was always in search of opportunities to insult Rana of Gohad. The soldiers of Raghunath Rao seized the small fort of Bhilsa under Jats. After a fight for 2-3 days the Jat sardars in the 'Bhilsa garhi' surrendered before the Maratha soldiers. On 10 December 1766 the Maratha soldiers killed 300 Jat soldiers present in the garhi. In addition to this the Maratha soldiers also started destroying other garhis (forts) under Jats. [12] [13] [14]

The campaign of Marathas to occupy the Jat garhis compelled Rana Chhatra Singh to suppress Marathas. The Rana of Gohad re-occupied the garhis near Gohad, which were under Marathas. These include the forts at Badera, Bilhati, and Bahadurpur. He then moved to the ‘Padawli ki garhi’. [15] [16] These counter activities worried Raghunath Rao. He then requested Mahadji Sindhia to have a treaty of peace with Rana of Gohad. Mahadji Sindhia mediated for the implementation of treaty proposed after war of 2 November 1766. It got implemented on 2 January 1767. Under this treaty The Rana of Gohad paid Rs. 15 lakh to the Marathas. [17] [18]

After this treaty Raghunath Rao moved towards Karauli. [19]

रघुनाथराव का जाट गढियों पर आक्रमण 1766

रघुनाथराव ने गोहद के राणा छत्र सिंह से सीधी टक्कर न लेकर उसके राज्य की जाट गढियों पर आक्रमण करना प्रारम्भ कर दिया. रघुनाथराव ने भिलसा-गढी का घेरा डालकर आक्रमण किया. गढी में जाट सैनिक तीन दिन तक मराठा सेना का सामना करते रहे, अंत में गढी के जाट सरदार ने 300 जाट सैनिकों सहित रघुनाथराव की सेना के समक्ष आत्म-समर्पण कर दिया. 10 दिसम्बर 1766 के दिन रघुनाथराव की मराठा सेना ने आत्मसमर्पित 300 जाट सैनिकों की हत्या कर दी, इसके बाद मराठा सेना जाटों की अन्य गढियों एवं गांवों को लूटने लगी. [20][21]

राणा छत्रसिंह का मराठा गढियों पर प्रतिक्रियात्मक आक्रमण

राणा छत्रसिंह ने मराठों द्वारा जाट गढियों पर हमले की तुरन्त प्रतिक्रिया दी. उसने गोहद राज्य के पास मराठों की जो गढियां थी, उन पर आक्रमण कर अपने अधिकार में ले लिया. मराठों की बहादुरपुरा, बडैरा, बिल्हाटी, पढावली आदि गढियों पर राणा छत्र सिंह का अधिकार हो गया. [22][23]

नागाओं की राजधानी

प्राचीन ऐतिहासिक अनुश्रुति के अनुसार मध्यभारत के नागाओं की राजधानी कान्तिपुरी और पढावली - दोनों नगरियाँ-तीसरी चौथी सती ई. में साथ ही साथ संपन्न तथा समृद्ध दशा में थी. किन्तु ऐतिहासिक महत्व की वस्तुएं यहाँ 9वीं-10वीं शताब्दी की ही पाई गई हैं. पढ़ावली के मुख्य स्थान हैं - गढ़ी का प्राचीन मंदिर, जैन तथा वैष्णव मंदिर तथा एक प्रसिद्ध प्राचीन कुआ. [24]

Population

Notable persons

Gallery

References

  1. "Ekattarso Mahadeva Temple". Archaeological Survey of India.
  2. "History Hunting". The Pioneer. 21 July 2013.
  3. ANNUAL REPORT OF THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT GWALIOR STATE (1930-31),p.4
  4. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, p. 359
  5. An Historical Sketch of the Native States of India’, by Col. G B Malleson. Facsimile reprint published by The Acadamic Press, Gurgaon, 1984.
  6. V.S.Krishnan:Madhya Pradesh District Gazetteer, Gwalior
  7. ‘Gohad ke jaton ka Itihas’, Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri, Nav Sahitya Bhawan. (New Delhi, Delhi. 1985), p. 29
  8. Dr Natthan Singh (2004) : Jat-Itihas, p. 360
  9. An historical sketch of the native states of India/Gwalior, by Col. Malleson, p. 143
  10. Persian Record of Maratha history, part-1, Delhi affairs, p.8
  11. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  12. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  13. Imperial Record Department: Persian Correspondence, part-2, Pub- Govt Central Press, Calcutta, 1914, pp. 5,6,7
  14. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 34
  15. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35
  16. Dr P.M.Joshi: Selection from Peshwa Daftar, New Series, part-3, Pub- Govt Central press, Bombay, 1962, p. 104
  17. G.S.Sardesai: New History of the Marathas, part-2, Pub- K.B.Dhawle, Phonex publications, Bombay, p. 508
  18. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35
  19. Dr. Ajay Kumar Agnihotri (1985) : Gohad ke Jaton ka Itihas (Hindi), p. 35
  20. Imperial Record Department- Peshwa Daftar New Serirs Part-3,p.104
  21. Dr. Pradyumna Kumar Ojha: Jat-Scindia Sambandh (Gohad Ke Vishesh Sandarbh Mein), Publisher: Jat-Veer Prakashan Gwalior, 2014, p.75
  22. P M Joshi, Selection from Peshwa Dafter New Series Paet-3,p.104
  23. Dr. Pradyumna Kumar Ojha: Jat-Scindia Sambandh (Gohad Ke Vishesh Sandarbh Mein), Publisher: Jat-Veer Prakashan Gwalior, 2014, p.75
  24. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.523

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