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Porwal (पोरवाल) Por (पोर)[1] is Gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh.


Villages after Por

Jat Gotras Namesake


Bhim Singh Dahiya has identified this clan with the Rigvedic tribe - Paura : (RV Vlll/3/12) mentions a prince named Paura who was helped by Indra along with Rusam and others. They are descendants of Puru. They are to be identified with Por/Phor/Paur clan of the Jats. It was this tribe which fought against Alexander, under the name Porus in 326 BC. The name Porus was not that of the individual king but name of the tribe because a nephew of Porus is also called Porus. Naturally, they were leaders or representatives of Por tribe.

शग्धी नो अस्य यद ध पौरमाविथ धिय इन्द्र सिषासतः |
शग्धि यथा रुशमं शयावकं कर्पमिन्द्र परावः सवर्णरम || (RV Vlll/3/12)

Bhim Singh Dahiya, whiloe describing history of Kalkils, has mentioned that this is yet another important clan of the Jats which founded an empire in Central India, which was later on called by the name of Vakataka. Under Pravarsena I, they were ruling from Bundelkhand to Hyderabad in the south. Some historians are of the view that his was a Brahman dynasty because Vindhyashakti the founder of this kingdom was a Brahmana. [2] This is entirely wrong. The evidence of the Puranas is definitely against it. Bhau Daji has shown that the Vakatakas were foreigners [3] Visnu Purana expressly says that “When they (Pauras) are destroyed, the Kailakila Yavanas will be kings the chief of whom will be Vindhyashati” [4] Brahmand Puranas says, Tatah Kilakile Dhyascha Vindhyashakti Bhavishyati”. [5]

Here Paura stands for the Por clan of the Jats who are earlier mentioned in the Puranas as ruling in India.

Bhim Singh Dahiya[6] writes....Some authorities have given an opinion that the name Porus has not been derived from Paurava and cannot be equated with this ancient name. "The guess that Porus might be Paurava is not very convincing".138 "Porus (is) not to be identified with Paurava but with a derivative of Pura of Ganapatha of Panini.139 Thus it is clear that Porus cannot be identified with Paurava or any ancient Indian name. Jayaswal's suggestion that it is related to Pura of Ganapatha of Panini seems to be correct because even today this clan of the Jats is known as Poriya or Phor, the later being the form given by Muslim historians. It seems that Puriya and Phor/Por are one and the same clan, though existing today under both the forms, among the Jats.

138. V.Smith, EHI,p. 56

139. K.P.Jayaswal, Hindu Polity, p. 67, note.60

मध्य एशिया में

तोमर/तंवर और हंस वंश - ये दोनों जाटवंश मध्य एशिया में नलीनी नदी के तट पर राज्य व निवास करते थे। इन लोगों के साथ ही पौर, कुण्डमान और शिवि जाटों को भी लिखा है। (देखो तृतीय अध्याय, तोमर/तंवर वंश प्रकरण)। [7]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Tonk district

Porwal Jats live in villages:

Akhtadi (1),

Villages in Bharatpur district

Poriya Jats found in villages:

Kila Zafargarh,

Villages in Nagaur district

Pour Jats found in villages:


Distribution in Uttarakhand

Villages in Haridwar district

Pour Jats found in villages:

Khera Jatt,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Jind District

Kila Jaffargarh (खुढ़ाली) Anoopgarh Jind

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Vidisha district


Notable persons

  • Suraj Bhan Poriya - RPF Indian Railways From Qila Zafar Garh (M) 09968264214

See also


  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.242, s.n.177
  2. R.C. Majumdar, Ancient India 1962, Hindi Edition p. 253
  3. Journal of Bombay Branch of Royal Asiatic Society, Vol. VII. p. 69
  4. Wilson, Edition, p. 380
  5. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), 1980, Sterling Publishers New Delhi , p. 284
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Porus and the Mauryas, p.174
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV,p.351

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