Porbandar (Hindi: पोरबंदर, Gujarati:પોરબંદર) is a district in Saurashtra region of Gujarat in India. It is birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi and Sudama (Friend of Lord Krishna). Its ancient name is Sudamapuri.
Tahsils in the district
Porbandar district has 3 talukas:
Villages in the district
Adityana, Advana, Amar, Ambarama, Amipur, Aniali, Bagvadar, Bakharla, Balej, Bapodar, Bavlavadar, Bhad, Bharvada, Bhavpara, Bhetkadi, Bhod, Bhoddar, Bhomiyavadar, Bildi, Bileshwar, Bordi, Boricha, Chauta, Chhatrava, Chhaya, Chingariya, Daiyar, Degam, Delodar, Devda, Dharampur, Dolatgadh, Farer, Fatana, Garej, Gokaran, Gorsar, Gosa, Hamadpara, Hanumangadh, Ishvariya, Jamra, Kadachh, Kadegi, Kandorna-rana, Kansabad, Kantela, Katvana, Kavalka, Khageshri, Khambhala, Khambhodar, Khijdad, Khirsara, Kindar Kheda, Kolikhada, Kotda, Kuchhdi, Kunvadar, Kutiyana, Madhavpur, Mahiyari, Mahobatpara, Majivana, Mal, Malanka, Mander, Mandva, Mitrala, Miyani, Moddar, Modhvada, Mokal, Nagka, Oddar, Palkhada, Pandavadar, Paravada, Paswali, Pata, Porbandar, Rajpar, Ramnagar, Ranavav, Ratanpar, Ratdi, Ratiya, Roghada, Rojhivada, Segras, Shingda, Shrinagar, Simar, Sindhpur, Sisli, Sodhana, Thepda, Thoyana, Tukda Gosa, Tukda Miyani, Vadala, Vadala, Vadwala-rana, Valotra, Vinjhrana, Virpur, Visavada,
Harappan settlement (1600-1400 BC) - Onshore explorations in and around Porbandar brought to light for the first time the remains of a late Harappan settlement dating back to the 16th - 14th century BC, which is similar to that from Bet Dwarka. This is another evidence to suggest that the Harappan legacy of maritime activity continued till the late Harappan period on the Saurashtra coast. The discovery of ancient jetties along the Porbandar creek signifies the importance of Porbandar as an active centre of maritime activities in the past. The Indian mythology says its the birthplace of Sudhama (Friend of Lord Krishna), hence its even referred as Sudhamapuri or Sudamapuri.
Princely state of Jethwas
Porbandar was formerly the seat of the eponymous princely state in British India. The ruling family of the state belonged to the Jethwa clan and had been established in the area since at least the mid 16th century. The state was subordinate to the Mughal governor of Gujarat until being overrun by the marathas in the latter half of the 18th century, whereafter they came under the authority of the Gaekwad court at Baroda, and eventually of the Peshwa. In common with the other states of Kathiawar, the state first came into the ambit of British influence in 1807, when the HEIC guaranteed security in the area in lieu of a fixed annual tribute to be paid to the Peshwa and the Gaekwad. In 1817, the Peshwa ceded his share to the HEIC; in 1820, the Gaekwad agreed to have the HIEC collect his due tributes in Kathiawar and remit the same to his treasury.
Jats in the District: The Jats in district are Muslims known as Halai Jat. The Gujarati Muslim Jats are a Maldhari cattle hearding group, and are mainly distributed in Kutch and Saurashtra region. The Saurashtra Jat, known as Malaks, maintain a system of Gotra exogamy. A good many of the Saurashtra community are small scale peasant farmers.
Gallery of Images
- People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 528-533
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